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Nouns and Pronouns

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Nouns and Pronouns Ze RULES, ja? Ja! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 10 March 2020
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Title: Nouns and Pronouns


1
Nouns and Pronouns
  • Ze RULES, ja? Ja!

2
Definition part of speech
  • A NOUN names a person, place, thing or idea.

3
Definition
  • Idea a concept an idea is a thing, but its a
    thing you cant touch its abstract.

4
Definition
  • Abstract- An intangible idea you cannot touch it.

5
Definition
  • Concrete- a tangible thing you can touch it.

6
Function - definition
  • A noun can serve ONLY ONE FUNCTION in a sentence
    at a time
  • A function is a job or task

7
In a sentence, a noun can serve one of 6
functions or jobs
  • Subject
  • Predicate nominative (predicate noun)
  • Direct object
  • Indirect object
  • Object of a preposition
  • Possessive

8
Definition - function
  • Subject - what the sentence is about usually
    found at the beginning of the sentence before the
    verb

9
Definition - function
  • Predicate nominative (also predicate noun) noun
    that renames or refers back to the subject
  • In the predicate, it must follow a linking verb

10
Definition - function
  • Direct object receives the direct action of the
    verb by the subject.
  • The subject does something to it (the direct
    object).
  • Is acted upon by the subject

11
Placement
  • Direct object in the predicate, it must follow
    an action verb and tell what or whom the subject
    is acting upon

12
Definition - function
  • Indirect object receives the action of the
    subject indirectly
  • answers the questions
  • to what? or to whom?
  • for what? or for whom?

13
Placement
  • Indirect object - in the predicate between the
    action verb and the direct object
  • Will never have an indirect object without a
    direct object

14
Definition function
  • Object of preposition noun/pronoun that
    completes a prepositional phrase
  • Prepositional phrase never contains a verb
  • Prepositions should always be accompanied by
    their complete phrases
  • Never end a sentence with a lone preposition
  • Mark them off on worksheets and exercises with
    parentheses ( )

15
Placement
  • Prepositional phrases may appear in either the
    subject or the predicate of a sentence
  • Prepositional phrase begins with a preposition
    and ends with a noun or pronoun

16
Definition - function
  • Possessives show ownership
  • The red flag is the s or the s at the end of
    the noun

17
Placement
  • Possessives may appear anywhere in the sentence,
    either subject or predicate
  • Possessives may be part of other phrases or
    clauses

18
REMINDER
  • A noun can serve ONLY ONE FUNCTION in a sentence
    at a time
  • Look for the red flags placement, apostrophes,
    prepositions, types of verbs

19
Cases
  • Functions of nouns are classified into 3 cases
  • Nominative for naming, like a subject
  • Objective directed or acted upon by some other
    part of the sentence
  • Possessive for showing ownership

20
Cases put your toys away
  • Think of cases like boxes or actual suitcases
    that contain sorted items. Each case can hold
    only what its meant to hold, nothing more,
    nothing less. Each function can fit into one and
    only one case.

21
Cases
  • Its easy to tell which functions go with or fit
    into each case The function names echo the case
    names for all but one function!

22
Nominative case
  • Subject
  • Predicate nominative (predicate noun)

23
Objective case
  • Direct object
  • Indirect object
  • Object of preposition

24
Possessive case
  • Possessives
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