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The Evaluation Plan


The Evaluation Plan – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Evaluation Plan

  • The Evaluation Plan

Session Purpose
  • To understand how evaluation can be useful
  • To understand how your logic model helps to focus
    an evaluation
  • To understand both implementation and outcome

What is Evaluation?
The systematic collection of information about a
program in order to enable stakeholders to better
understand the program, to improve program
effectiveness, and/or to make decisions about
future programming.
Whats in it for you?
  • Understand and improve your program
  • Test the theory underlying your program
  • Tell your programs story
  • Be accountable
  • Inform the field
  • Support fundraising efforts

Evaluation Principles
  • Evaluation is most effective when it
  • Is connected to program planning and delivery
  • Involves the participation of stakeholders
  • Supports an organizations capacity to learn and
  • Respects the community served by the program
  • Enables the collection of the most information
    with the least effort

Logic Model
Program Goals overall aims or intended impacts
Resources The resources dedicated to or consumed
by the program
Activities The actions that the program takes to
achieve desired outcomes
Outputs The tangible, direct results of a
programs activities
Outcomes The benefits to clients, communities,
systems, or organizations
External Factors what else affects the program
Putting Your Plans Together
Logic Model
Evaluation Plan
Data Collection Method Effort
Data Collection Method Effort
Implementation and Outcomes
  • Evaluating Outcomes What changes occurred as a
    result of your work?
  • Evaluating Implementation What did you do? How
    well did you do it?

Evaluating Outcomes
  • Outcomes the changes you expect to see as a
    result of your work
  • Indicators the specific, measurable
    characteristics or changes that represent
    achievement of an outcome. They answer the
    question How will I know it?

Evaluating Outcomes Indicators What to Measure
  • Meaningful
  • Direct
  • Useful
  • Practical

Evaluating Outcomes Direct v. Indirect Indicators
Outcome Indicator
Participating new mothers have their children immunized. Indirect / of new mothers who are aware of importance of immunization. Direct / of children of participating mothers who are up-to-date in immunizations.
Increase referrals to your services from targeted doctors. Indirect / of increase in your client base. Direct / of increase in your client base from targeted doctors.
Targeted teens learn about certain environmental health hazards. Indirect of students who receive brochure on topic. Direct / of students who ID 3 health hazards.
Evaluating Outcomes Template
Outcomes Indicators Data Collection Method Level of Effort (have, low, med, high)

Evaluating Outcomes Example
Outcome Indicators Data Collection Method Data Collection Effort (have, low, med, high)
Participants learn job-seeking skills / of participants who can meet criteria in mock interview Observation of mock interview conducted at end of training session using observation checklist Low
Participants learn job-seeking skills / of participants who develop a quality resume Job counselors review resumes based on quality checklist Have
Participants obtain and carry out job interviews / of participants who go on at least 2 job interviews Tracking by job counselors Have
Evaluating Implementation
  • Activities and Outputs The what the work you
    did, and the tangible results of that work
  • Additional Questions The whyunderstanding how
    well you did, and why

Evaluating Implementation Understanding how well
you did
  • What information will help you understand your
    program implementation? Think about
  • Participation
  • Quality
  • Satisfaction
  • Context

Evaluating Implementation Template
Activities Outputs Implementation Questions Data Collection Method Data Collection Effort (have, low, med, high)
Program Component Outputs
Program Component Questions
Program Component Outputs
Program Component Questions
Evaluating Implementation Example
Activities Outputs Implementation Questions Data Collection Method Data Collection Effort (have, low, med, high)
Develop/revise curriculum for training series Meet with potential program clients Provide training session series to two groups of clients Outputs Updated curriculum 2 training session series held /rate of participation by group Program records Records Records, logs Have Have
Develop/revise curriculum for training series Meet with potential program clients Provide training session series to two groups of clients Questions Are we getting the clients we expected to get?(Partic.) Are they satisfied w/ training? What did they like most, least? (Satisfaction) Review of participant intake data Participant survey Low Med
Data Collection
  • Determine what methods will you use to collect
    the information you need?
  • Choose the method
  • Decide which people, or records will be the
    source of the information
  • Determine the level of effort involved in using
    that method with that population.

Data Collection Methods
  • Review documents
  • Observe
  • Talk to people
  • Collect written information
  • Pictorial/multimedia

Issues to Consider
  • Resist pressure to prove
  • Start with what you already collect
  • Consider the level of effort it will take to
    gather the data.
  • Prioritize. What do you need to collect now, and
    what can wait until later?

Data Collection Level of Effort
  • Instrument development
  • Cost/practicality of actually collecting data
  • Cost of analyzing and presenting data

Qualitative Data
  • Usually in narrative formnot using numbers
  • Collected through focus groups, interviews,
    open-ended questionnaire items, but also poetry,
    stories, diaries, and notes from observations

Quantitative Data
  • Pieces of information that can be expressed in
    numerical terms, counted, or compared on a scale
  • Collected in surveys, attendance logs, etc.

Both Types of Data are Valuable
  • Qualitative information can provide depth and
    insight about quantitative data
  • Some information can only be collected and
    communicated qualitatively
  • Both methods require a systematic approach

What do your data tell you?
  • Are there patterns that emerge?
  • Patterns for sub-groups of your population?
  • Patterns for different components of your
  • What questions do the data raise?
  • What is surprising? What stands out?
  • What are other ways the data should be analyzed?
  • What additional information do you need to

Communicating Findings
  • Who is the information for?
  • How will you tell them what you know?

Communicating Findings
  • Information that is not effectively shared with
    others will not be effectively used.
  • Source Building a Successful Evaluation
  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

Audience Who needs the findings, and what do
they need?
Who are the audiences for your results? Which
  • Staff
  • Board
  • Funders
  • Partners
  • Other agencies
  • Public

Different ways to communicate
Decide what format is appropriate for different
  • Written report
  • Short summaries
  • Film or videotape
  • Pictures, displays
  • PowerPoint presentations
  • Graphs and other visuals

Whatever communication strategy you choose
  • Link the findings to the programs desired
  • Include the good, the bad, and the ugly
  • Be sure you can support your claims
  • Acknowledge knowledge gaps

Continuous Learning Cycle
Logic Model
Reflection/ Improvement
Evaluation Planning
Data Collection
Thanks for Your Participation!
Measure results. Make informed decisions.
Create lasting change.
Innovation Network, Inc. 1625 K Street, NW 11th
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