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Career Counseling

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Title: Career Counseling


1
Career Counseling
- Rajeeve Ranjan
2
General Introduction, Theories of Career
Counseling, Process of Career Counseling.
CHAPTER REVIEW
3
Work determines status, level of income, and
standard of living. It influences self-concept
and feeling of values, worth and personal
identity.
If work is enjoyed, it can be a source of need
satisfaction, self-esteem, happiness,prestige,
and healthy adjustment. If it isdisliked or
dreaded, it can lead to worry,stress,
frustration, physical illness, andpsychological
and social maladjustment.
4
Theories of Career Choice
  • Trait Theory,
  • Structural Theory,
  • Developmental
  • Theory,
  • Decision Making
  • Theory.

5
Trait Theory
Williamson 1955 Essence of individual
differences theory. Each person possesses a
uniquely organized pattern of traits- interest,
abilities, and personality characteristics.
Different types of work are differentially
related to an individuals unique pattern of
traits.
6
  • A major task of the career counselor oriented
    toward
  • trait theory is to assist people in making
    better-
  • decisions.
  • Helping a person-
  • become more knowledgeable about personal traits
  • through objective test information,
  • learn more about job requirements through the
  • occupational information,
  • match personal characteristics with job
    requirement,
  • through counseling.

7
Structural Theory
  • Holland - 1966
  • Career choice is also concerned with emotional
  • functioning, creativity, and personal
    development.
  • Career choice is an expression of personality
  • career interest is comprise a distinct aspect
  • of personality.
  • A persons career/occupation is not just
  • an isolated aspect of life,
  • It is a way of life,
  • It helps to define social status, life style,
  • and standard of living

8
  • people choose those work environments in
  • which their skills, abilities, attitudes, and
    values
  • are accepted and valued. Similarly, they avoid
  • environments that are incongruent with their
    personalities.
  • A persons behavior is a function of the
    interaction between
  • his or her personality structure and the work
    environment.
  • A persons need can be arranged in a hierarchy
  • according to their needs.

9
  • Ann Roe(1956),
  • there are definite personality deference between
  • members of various occupations,
  • The differences are attributable to early parent-
  • child relationships.
  • Three psychological climate in the home
  • Emotional concentration on the child(
    overprotective
  • or overdemonding),
  • 2.Avoidance of the child( neglecting or
    rejecting),
  • 3.Acceptance of the child (casual or loving).

10
Two types of any occupation Person
Oriented Task Oriented
11
Sub-division of any group
High-level Professional Managerial
? Mid-level Professional Managerial
? Semiprofessional small
Business ?
Skilled , ?
Semi skilled ?
Unskilled
12
  • Developmental
    theory
  • Career choice is a developmental process
  • involving a serious of decisions that extend
  • over many years. There are many sets of variables
    as
  • Individual values, attitudes beliefs,
  • Emotional factors,
  • Nature of an individuals education,
  • 4.Reality factors.

13
  • Series of three stages as
  • Fantasy - 10-12 years,
  • Tentative- till 16 years,
  • Reality - 17 or 18 years- starting point

14
Behavioral theory
Krumboltz - 1973 Totally based on conditioning
theory. A relationship between an individual and
his environment.
Decision-Making Theory, It is closely related to
Behavioral Theory.
15
  • The Process of Career Counseling
  • Client Assessment,
  • Personal information,
  • Family Experience,
  • Educational Experience,
  • Occupational Experience,
  • Occupational Assessment,
  • What occupation Offer

16
?
The End
17
Thank You
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