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Chapter 14: Renaissance

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Chapter 14: Renaissance & Reformation * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * RENAISSANCE 1300s - 1500 rebirth Section 1: Renaissance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 14: Renaissance


1
Chapter 14 Renaissance Reformation
2
RENAISSANCE 1300s - 1500
  • rebirth

3
Section 1 Renaissance in Italy
  • Begins in Italy ? spreads north to Europe

Why Italy?
  • New interest in Rome and its remainders
  • Cities survive the Middle Ages
  • North ? Florence, Milan, Venice, and Genoa
    (trade manufacturing
  • Central ? Rome South ? Naples ? ? cultural
    center
  • Wealthy and Powerful merchant class
  • stress education and achievement
  • spend lots of

4
Florence
  • Center of Renaissance
  • Medici Family richest merchant and banking
    family
  • gain full control government
  • patron financial supporter of the arts

5
What is the Renaissance?
  • Plague ends ? want order ? look back to Greece
    and Rome

HUMANISM focus on worldly subjects not
religious focus on intellect and education use
ancient ideas in their world
  • Individualism Talents adventure curiosity
  • Human experience in the here and now

PETRARCH early Humanist ? collects Greek and
Roman manuscripts write sonnets (love poems)
about a woman
6
Renaissance Characteristics
  • Religious figures portrayed in Greek and Roman
    style
  • Everyday individuals
  • Columns, arches, domes
  • Shading and shadows
  • Live models more accurate human portrayal
  • Perspective distant objects are smaller to make
    a 3-D, realistic painting

7
Perspective
Vanishing point
8
The Totally Masterful New Talents
TMNT
Leonardo
Raphael
Michelangelo
Donatello
9
Donatello
  • very Early Renaissance
  • Life - size
  • Realistic

DAVID
10
Leonardo DaVinci
  • Born in 1452
  • Renaissance Man
  • Painting Art Anatomy Botany Optics
    Architecture Music Engineering

11
The Last Supper
12
The Annunciation
Mona Lisa
13
Scientific and Anatomical Study
14
INVENTOR Machine gun Armored tank Cluster
bombs Submarine Calculator Car Use of solarpower
15
Michelangelo
  • Born in 1475
  • Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poet
  • Fresco applying paint to fresh plaster usually
    on a wall

16
David
Pieta
17
Garden of Eden
The Creation
The Sistine Chapel
18
Sistine Chapel The Last Judgement
19
Raphael
  • Studied the works of Michelangelo and Raphael
  • Portrays tender Jesus and Madonna

20
School of Athens
21
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22
Italian Writers
  • Catiglione The Book of the Courtier
  • - describes how to act as a member of the royal
    court describes ideal man and woman
  • Machiavelli The Prince
  • - guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain
    power
  • - looks at real rulers
  • - the ends justifies the means do not have to
    keep promises

23
Section 2 The Renaissance Moves North
  • Begins in Flanders (near North France)
  • Spain, France, Germany, and England begin
    Renaissance in 1500s

24
Albrecht Durer
  • German Leonardo
  • Traveled to Italy to learn about art and
    techniques(1494)
  • Engravings etch design into metal plate with
    acid and makes prints.
  • Portrays religious upheaval.

25
Flemish Painters
  • Jan Hubert van Eyck
  • - portray townspeople
  • and realistic images
  • Develop oil paint

26
Pietr Bruegel - Bright colors in portrayal of
peasant life
27
Peter Paul Rubens - Blends ideas of Bruegel and
Italian Renaissance
28
Northern Humanists
  • ERASMUS (Dutch)
  • - produces New Testament in Greek
  • - wants translation of Bible into
  • vernacular everyday language of ordinary
    people
  • - chief duty be open minded and of good will
    toward others
  • - The Praise of Folly uses humor to show the
    ignorant and immoral behavior of his day

29
  • Thomas More
  • Wants social reform
  • Utopia describes ideal society where men and
    women live in peace and harmony everyone is
    educated
  • Utopian describes an ideal society

30
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
  • 1590-1613
  • 37 plays
  • Comedies (A Midsummer Nights Dream)
  • History (Richard III)
  • Tragedies (Romeo and Juliet Othello Macbeth)
  • 1,700 new words bedroom, lonely, generous,
    gloomy, heartsick

31
CERVANTES
  • Spain early 1600s
  • Don Quixote mocks chivalry
  • Knight who pretends to be on an adventure
  • Fights a windmill

32
Printing revolution
  • Chinese make books first
  • By 1300 papermaking in Europe
  • By 1400s Germans invent movable type
  • 1456 Johann Gutenberg prints first Bible using
    movable type

33
Literacy Revolution
  • More books cheaper books more people read and
    write!!!!!
  • Ideas spread! (ppl. are exposed to new things for
    the first time)

Protestant Reformation
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