Chapter 1 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 1 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 68ebf6-ZDNlN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 1 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY

Description:

Chapter 1 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY Section 1: Why Study Psychology? Section 2: What Psychologists Do Section 3: A History of Psychology Section 4: Contemporary Perspectives – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:39
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 31 July 2019
Slides: 20
Provided by: MCMcLa8
Learn more at: http://www.boyd.k12.ky.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 1 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY


1
Chapter 1WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY
  • Section 1 Why Study Psychology?
  • Section 2 What Psychologists Do
  • Section 3 A History of Psychology
  • Section 4 Contemporary Perspectives

2
What is Psychology?
  • Psychology is the scientific study of behavior
    and mental processes.
  • Behavior is any action that people can observe or
    measure.
  • Cognitive processes are mental processes.

3
Question What are the goals of psychology, and
how is psychology a science?
Section 1 Why Study Psychology?
  • GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • Observe
  • Describe behavior
  • Explain
  • Predict
  • Control

4
Question What are the goals of psychology, and
how is psychology a science?
Section 1 Why Study Psychology?
  • THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • Psychology is a social science but has its
    foundation in the natural sciences. It deals with
    the structure of human society and interactions
    of individuals who make up society.

5
Question What do psychologists do, and what are
their areas of specialization?
Section 2 What Psychologists Do
  • PSYCHOLOGISTS
  • Test ideas using various research methods such as
    surveys and experimentation
  • Consult and teach

6
Question What do psychologists do, and what are
their areas of specialization?
Section 2 What Psychologists Do
  • AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION
  • Clinical the largest group treat
    psychological problems
  • Counseling treat adjustment problems
  • School deal with students who have problems
    that interfere with learning
  • Educational Psychologist focus on course
    planning and instructional methods

7
Question What do psychologists do, and what are
their areas of specialization?
Section 2 What Psychologists Do
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION (continued)
  • Personality Psychologist identify
    characteristics or traits
  • Social Psychologist concerned with peoples
    behavior in social situations
  • Experimental Psychologist conduct research into
    basic processes

8
Question What do psychologists do, and what are
their areas of specialization?
Section 2 What Psychologists Do
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION (continued)
  • Industrial and Organizational Psychologist
    focus on people in work and business
  • Environmental Psychologist focus on ways in
    which people influence and are influenced by
    physical environment
  • Consumer Psychologist study the behavior of
    shoppers to explain and predict behavior

9
Question What do psychologists do, and what are
their areas of specialization?
Section 2 What Psychologists Do
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION (continued)
  • Forensic Psychologist are concerned with how
    psychological problems give rise to criminal
    behavior
  • Health Psychologist study the ways in which
    behavior and mental processes are related to
    physical health

10
Question How has the study of psychology
developed over time?
Section 3 A History of Psychology
  • PSYCHOLOGY DEVELOPED OVER TIME
  • Began in ancient Greece
  • Revived during the scientific advances of the
    1500s, 1600s and 1700s
  • Contributions were made by modern psychologists
    such as William James, B.F. Skinner, and Sigmund
    Freud

11
History of Psychology Continued
  • Even though modern psychology is a relatively new
    science, there has always been an interest in
    finding out why people think and behave the way
    that they do.
  • In fact, there is evidence that Socrates, Plato,
    and Aristotle studied psychology more than 2000
    years ago.

12
History Continued
  • Socrates used introspectionor looking
    withinto build on his theories on psychology.
  • Aristotle took these ideas further and actually
    used observation to study and prove his theories.
    His theories on the laws of associationism are
    still the heart of learning theory.

13
History Continued..
  • While many groups in history attributed
    psychological problems to supernatural forces,
    the Greek physician Hippocrates theorized that
    such problems were due to brain abnormalities.

14
The birth of modern psychology
  • The scientific approach led to the birth of
    modern psychology in the 1800s.
  • The first experimental psychology lab was
    established in Leipzig, Germany by Wilhelm Wundt
    who used introspection to test his theories.

15
Modern Psychology Continued
  • Wundt was the father of structuralism which held
    that consciousness breaks down into objective
    sensations and subjective feelings.
  • Later, William James established the
    functionalist school of though. Functionalists
    used observation and were concerned whats and
    whys. What are the purposes of behavior and
    mental processes?

16
Modern Psychology Continued
  • Later, contributions were made by such
    visionaries as John B. Watson (Behaviorism), BF
    Skinner (Reinforcement), and Sigmund Freud
    (Psychoanalysis), and many others.
  • The Gestalt perspective, which defines
    perceptions as wholes that give shape and/or
    meaning to the parts, has also grown into a
    modern philosophy.

17
Question What are the seven main contemporary
perspectives in psychology?
Section 4 Contemporary Perspectives
  • SEVEN MAIN CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES IN
    PSYCHOLOGY
  • Biological nervous system, glands, hormones,
    genetic factors
  • Evolutionary physical traits, social behavior
  • Cognitive interpretation of mental images,
    thinking, language
  • Humanistic self-concept

18
Question What are the seven main contemporary
perspectives in psychology?
Section 4 Contemporary Perspectives
SEVEN MAIN CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES IN
PSYCHOLOGY (continued)
  • Psychoanalytic environmental influences,
    learning, observational learning
  • Learning effects of experience on behavior
  • Sociocultural ethnicity, gender, culture,
    socioeconomic status

19
QuestionWhat are the goals of psychology?
About PowerShow.com