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Welcome to Psychology

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Title: Welcome to Psychology


1
Welcome to Psychology
2
Lets review
3
What is Psychology?
  • Pick a partner
  • Tell them what psychology is

4
Psychology
  • The scientific study of behavior and mental
    processes.
  • scientific research methods.
  • Behavior all observable behavior.
  • Mental processes thoughts, feelings and dreams.

5
Where did Psychology come from?
  • Aspects of the Mind have been pondered for
    thousands of years by Philosophers!
  • .like

Socrates!
Plato!
Its Nature were just born this way!
6
  • and Aristotle! (335 B.C.)

Its Nurture! Our environment shapes who we are!
7
Nature vs Nurture
  • This is still the fundamental debate in
    Psychology today!
  • the mind and behavior remained merely philosophic
    discussion until.

8
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • 1879 establishes the first psychology laboratory
    at the University of Leipzig, Germany.
  • This is generally considered the starting point
    of Psychology as a science.

9
Psychoanalysts
  • Sigmund Freud - around 1900

The unconscious mind controls much of our
thoughts and actions!
10
Behaviorists
People repeat behaviors that are rewarded and
stop behaviors that are punished!
  • 1930s and 1940s

Watson
Pavlov
11
Humanists
People have free will! They are guided by
physical, emotional and spiritual needs!
  • 1960s and 1970s

Carl Rogers and others 1960s and 1970s
12
A Few more Contemporary Psychological Perspectives
13
Cognitive Perspective
  • Focus On how people think and process
    information
  • Behavior is explained by how a person interprets
    the situation

14
Biological Perspective
  • Focus How our biological structures and
    substances underlie a given behavior, thought, or
    emotion
  • Behavior is explained by brain chemistry,
    genetics, glands, etc.

15
Social-Cultural Perspective
  • Focus How thinking and behavior change depending
    on the setting or situation
  • Behavior is explained by the influence of other
    people present

16
Fields in Psychology
  • What do people do with a degree in Psychology?
  • what can I do with a degree in Psychology?

17
Fields in Psychology
  • Applied v. Basic Psychology
  • Applied refers to practical and interactive
    psychology.
  • Basic refers mainly to the research fields of
    psychology.

18
Therapy
  • Mental and physical rehabilitation regarding
    mental disorders.
  • Can include medications, in/out patient services,
    counseling, etc

19
School
  • Assisting school-aged children, adolescence
    issues, counseling, etc.

20
Clinical
  • Diagnosis and treatment of troubled people.

21
Industrial/Organizational
Practical issues of selecting and training a
workforce
22
Forensic Psychology
  • Provide advice to legislators, judges,
    correctional officers, lawyers and the police
  • For example, serve as an expert witness, diagnose
    and treat incarcerated and probation offenders
    and screen and evaluate personnel in the law
    enforcement and judicial systems

23
Sports Psychology
  • Issues and techniques of sport-specific
    psychological assessment and mental skills
  • Goal-setting, self-confidence, eating disorders,
    overtraining and burnout counseling, team
    building, sportsmanship

24
Developmental
  • Study mental and physical growth from prenatal
    through childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and
    into old age.

25
Social
  • Study how people influence each others attitudes,
    prejudices, norms, interpersonal attractions, etc.

26
Cognitive
  • Experiment with how we perceive, think, and solve
    problems

27
Experimental
  • Conduct research on learning, memory, sensation,
    perception, cognition, motivation, etc.

28
Careers in Psychology Percentage of Psychology
Degrees by Specialty
29
  • What is the difference between a psychologist
    and a psychiatrist?

30
Psychology v. Psychiatry
  • Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders.
  • Psychiatrists are medical doctors and can
    prescribe medications to treat the physical and
    mental disorders.
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