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Early River Valley Civilizations

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Early River Valley Civilizations Ch. 3 Egypt Part One Egypt and the Nile Geographic Features of Egypt Geographic Features of Egypt Ancient Egypt Early River ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early River Valley Civilizations


1
Early River Valley Civilizations
  • Ch. 3 Egypt Part One

2
Egypt and the Nile
?1st great African civilization
?3000 year history cultural, ethnic, and racial
diversity
3
Geographic Features of Egypt
1. The Nile River
A. 4100 miles long longest
river in the world.
B. flows south to
north C. main
source Lake Victoria (worlds 3rd largest
lake)
D. Blue Nile yearly July floods caused by
rains in Ethiopia carries rich fertile soil
called silt
E. Worshipped the Nile a god who
gave them life and seldom turned against them
F. Transportation, River stood for life
4
Geographic Features of Egypt
2. Cataracts river rapids the Nile has 8
forces Egyptians to settle north of the 1st
cataract (Upper/Lower Egypt)
3. Delta triangular, marshy region at the mouth
of the river extremely fertile due to silt
settlement
4. Deserts
A. Sahara (west)
Arabian (east) natural barriers

B. Stood for death
C. Shut out invaders until Isthmus of
Suez was used
5
Ancient Egypt
1. Divided into two kingdoms with two kings.
Upper Egypt white crown
Lower Egypt red crown
2. King Menes, legendary king of Egypt who
united Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom
(3100 B.C.). Set up capital at Memphis and
began the first dynasty (family of rulers).
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