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Regions of the world

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Regions of the world An overview What defines a region? Regions are areas defined by specific factors, like vegetation, river systems, and climate, which are physical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regions of the world


1
Regions of the world
  • An overview

2
What defines a region?
  • Regions are areas defined by specific factors,
    like vegetation, river systems, and climate,
    which are physical factors.
  • Regions may also be defined by language,
    religion, cultural traditions, forms of
    government, and trade networks , which are human
    factors.

3
Three types of regions
  • Formal regions-
  • Functional regions-
  • Perceptual regions-

4
Formal Regions (Uniform)
  • Def. everyone shares in common 1 or more
    distinctive characteristics
  • Can be identified by both physical and cultural
    features
  • Examples
  • 90 French speaking region
  • Andes Mountain Region
  • United States
  • Wheat Belt

5
Functional Region (Nodal)
  • Def. area organized around a node or focal point
  • Product of interactions, or movements of various
    kinds
  • Defined as a spatial system
  • Its boundaries are defined by the limits of that
    system
  • Example
  • San Antonio Metropolitan Region
  • WiFi Region

6
Perceptual Regions (Vernacular)
  • Region primarily in the minds of the people
  • Mental maps used to create these regions
  • Internal representation of a portion of the Earth
  • Examples
  • South
  • The NE
  • The Middle East

7
What are the different regions around the globe?
  • USA Canada
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • Russia
  • North Africa-Southwest Asia-Central Asia
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • South Asia

8
Regions continued
  • East Asia
  • South East Asia
  • Australia- Oceania- Antarctica

9
The USA and Canada
  • Cover most of North America
  • Have the world oldest unarmed border
  • Share many landforms and vegetation, such as the
    Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.
  • Population over 331 million
  • Major Languages English, French, and Spanish

10
Latin America
  • Is Mexico, Central America, South America, and
    the Caribbean Islands.
  • Population 525 million.
  • Covers 85 degrees of Latitude
  • A collision of cultures, mixing Native American,
    European, and African traditions to influence
    music, art, food, and religion.
  • Inca, Aztec, and Maya cultures once flourished in
    Latin America.
  • The longest river in the Western Hemisphere is
    the Amazon River.

11
Latin America

12
Europe
  • 43 nations create this region.
  • Most people live within 300 mile of a major body
    of water.
  • Population 583 million
  • The exploration of Western European nations in
    the late 1400s gave Europe an advantage of
    colonizing the Western Hemisphere.

13
Europe
  • Today Europe
  • is working on
  • uniting the many
  • nations into the
  • European Union.

14
Russia
  • The worlds largest country.
  • The Ural Mountains are the natural boundary
    between Europe and Russia.
  • Has vast natural resources, such as oil and
    natural gas.
  • Population 144.4 million

15
Russia continued
  • After the communist government of the Soviet
    Union collapsed in 1991, the Russian people have
    struggled with gaining economic strength.
  • Despite these difficulties Russians today enjoy
    many more liberties than in the past.

16
North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia
  • Home to the Nile Riverthe longest river in the
    world.
  • Also has the largest desert in the World the
    Sahara. Which has the highest Temp. ever recorded
    in the world136 degrees F.
  • Region has seen the rise of Great civilizations,
    such as the Egyptians, Sumerians, Persians, and
    Phoenicians.
  • As well as the birth of three major religions
    Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

17
North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia
  • The most important resource in the area is
    petroleum. To better control oil as an economic
    advantage, eight countries in this region have
    formed OPEC Organization for Petroleum Exporting
    Countries.

18
Africa South of the Sahara
  • Population673 million
  • Rich in mineral
  • resources fossil
  • fuels, ores and gems.
  • Fossils found in Eastern Africa point to this
    region as the home of our earliest ancestors.
  • Area has an abundance in plant and animal life,
    which have given rise to poaching- illegal
    hunting.

19
Africa South of the Sahara
  • Africa has struggled to regain economic stability
    for African citizens.
  • Many Africans struggle for basic healthcare,
    employment, and educational needs.

20
South Asia
  • Population over 1.3 billion people, one-fifth of
    the worlds population.
  • This area has many different religions Hinduism,
    Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
  • tea, curries, spices, and the practice of yoga
    have become popular around the world.

21
South Asia
  • Feeding the enormous population of this area has
    been met through scientific advances of farming
    and food production.

22
East Asia
  • Population 1.5 billion people about 25 of world
    population.
  • Largest country is China.
  • Volcanic activity in the Ring of Fire created the
    islands of Japan and Taiwan.
  • Created great civilizations, such as the Shang,
    Zhou, and the Ming Dynasties.
  • Great Wall of China was built in 200s B.C. to
    keep out foreign invaders.

23
East Asia
  • Areas are suffering from rapid population growth,
    which lead to air, soil and water pollution.

24
South East Asia
  • An area full of peninsulas and archipelagos.
  • Most SE Asian islands are covered in Rain
    forests.
  • This area is also home to the Komodo dragon the
    worlds largest lizard.
  • About 520 million people live in SE Asia.

25
South East Asia
  • Rice farming is the most important agricultural
    activity.
  • Economic prosperity of the region has hurt the
    environment. In Thailand only 25 of its
    original forests still remain.

26
Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica
  • Australia is the smallest continent.
  • Two of the Seven Wonders of the WorldUluru
    (Ayers Rock), and The Great Barrier Reef.
  • Australia receives less precipitation than any
    other continent excluding Antarctica.
  • Antarctica has the highest elevation, of any
    continent helping to make it the coldest.

27
Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica
  • During World War II western nations tested
    nuclear weapons on islands in Oceania.

28
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