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GREEK ART

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Title: GREEK ART


1
GREEK ART ARCHITECTURE
2
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3
MINOAN CIVILIZATION
  • 2600 1100 BC
  • LIVED ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE
  • NAMED AFTER KING MINOS (REMEMBER-THE LABYRINTH
    THE MINOTAUR)
  • PEACEFUL, CITIES NOT FORTIFIED
  • TRADE EMPIRE
  • ART DEALT WITH PLAYFUL THEMES

4
BIRD GODDESS
ALL OF THE RELIGIOUS STATUES FOUND HAVE BEEN
FEMALE WHICH MEANS THEY WORSHIPPED AN EARTH
GODDESS
5
BULL LEAPER
AN EXAMPLE OF THE PLAYFUL THEME
SNAKE GODDESS
ANOTHER FEMALE DEITY
6
TOREADOR FRESCO
FRESCO PAINTING ON WET PLASTER
MORE PLAYFUL THEMES DID THIS GAME EVOLVE FROM THE
STORIES OF THE MINOTAUR?
7
PALACE AT KNOSSOS
ONE OF THE IMPORTANT CITIES ON CRETE. PROBABLY
NOT A PALACE BUT A TEMPLE ADMINISTRATIVE
CENTER. THE HALLWAYS WERE LAID OUT IN A
CONFUSING MANOR- - LIKE A LABYRINTH.
The Domestic Quarter. 1.Grand Staircase. 2.Hall
of Colonnades. 3.Corridor to the North-East.
4.Hall of the Double Axes. 5.Queen's Room. 6.
Toilet. 7.Court of Distaffs. 8.Service staircase.
8
THRONE ROOM
ANTECHAMBER
9
QUEENS MEGARON
THIS FRESCO OF DOLPHINS IS WELL KNOWN
10
TOURISTS OUTSIDE KNOSSOS
11
  • MINOAN JEWELRY

VERY INTRICATE TYPE OF SOLDER NOT REPLICATED
UNTIL 1900S
12
MYCENAEAN CULTURE
  • 1600 BC 1110 BC
  • GREEK MAINLAND
  • WAR-LIKE
  • SPOKE A GREEK LANGUAGE WORSHIPPED GREEK GODS
  • ART THEMES WERE ALSO WAR-LIKE

13
POTTERY
NOTE THE DECORATIONS ARE OF SOLDIERS
14
DETAIL OF A BOAR TUSK HELMET
SCULPTURE OF SOLDIER IN HELMET
15
INTRICATELY CARVED SWORD SHEATHS
16
DETAILS OF CARVINGS
17
MYCENAE ACROPOLIS
ACROPOLIS HIGH POINT OF CITY
18
VIEW OF ACROPOLIS
19
CYCLOPEAN WALLS
ACCORDING TO LEGEND, AN ANCIENT RACE OF CYCLOPES
BUILT THIS SECTION OF THE CITY
20
LIONS GATE
21
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22
AERIAL VIEW OF MYCENAE
23
GOLD DEATH MASK
RIGHT MISSED ATTRIBUTED AS AGAMEMNON'S
24
AGAMEMNON'S TOMB ONLY RECENTLY DISCOVERED, A
SHEEP FELL THROUGH THE TOP. NOTE THE BEE HIVE
SHAPE.
25
ARTIST RECREATION OF FRONT DOOR
VIEW OF DOOR TODAY
26
VIEW OF CEILING
27
ARCHAIC PERIOD
  • 750 BC 500 BC
  • DORIAN INVASION DARK AGES
  • FREE STANDING SCULPTURES WERE EITHER A MALE NUDE
    OR A CLOTHED FEMALE

28
KOUROS
  • ALL MALE NUDES ARE REFERRED TO AS KOUROS
  • ALL HAVE ONE FOOT IN FRONT
  • HANDS BY SIDE
  • INTRICATE HAIR DESIGN
  • RIGID, SQUARED POSTURE

29
RED LINES SHOW SQUARE POSE
KOUROS 600 BC
30
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31
KORE
  • CLOTHED FEMALE ALWAYS REFERRED TO AS KORE.
  • CLOTHES AND HAIRSTYLE VARIED.
  • ONE ARM ALWAYS BENT AT ELBOW.

IONIC
32
PEPLOS KORE
33
CALF BEARER
THIS PIECE SHOWS THAT THE STYLE IS PROGRESSING.
MOST ARCHAIC SCULPTURES HAVE WHAT IS CALLED AN
ARCHAIC SMILE.
34
POTTERY
I WISH I COULD TELL YOU MORE-BUT POTTERY IS
IMPORTANT. THIS ONE IS FROM GEOMETRIC STYLE.
SOMETIMES VASES WERE USED TO MAKE LIQUID
OFFERINGS TO THE GODS. HOLES WERE DRILLED IN THE
BOTTOM SO LIQUID COULD SEEP INTO THE GROUND.
GEOMETRIC
35
CLASSICAL
  • 500BC 323BC
  • MEDIUMS STONE BRONZE
  • ATHENS GOLDEN AGE 495 429 BC.
  • GOLDEN AGE ENDS WHEN ATHENS IS DEFEATED BY
    SPARTA.
  • 323 BC MARKS THE END OF ALEXANDER THE GREATS
    RULE.
  • SCULPTURE HAS COUNTERPOISE INSTEAD OF ARCHAIC
    RIGID POSE.

36
KRITIOS BOY
  • 480 BC
  • NOTE THE COUNTER POSE WEIGHT IS NOT EQUALLY
    DISTRIBUTED, ONE HIP POPS OUT

37
COMPARE THE TWO
38
DISKOBOLOS
  • 450 BC
  • SCULPTURES ALSO BEGIN TO SHOW ACTION
  • NOT MERELY REALISTIC, BUT IDEALISTIC

39
SPEARBEARER
40
INCLUDED WOMEN
AMAZONS
41
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42
POTTERY
530
680
570
LESS GEOMETRIC, BLACK VASE, RED BACKGROUND, BLACK
FIGURES
43
DORIC COLUMNS
  • PLAINEST COLUMN
  • LOWEST ORDER, FOUND ON SIMPLER HOMES, LESS FORMAL
    BUILDINGS
  • REMEMBER DORIANS WERE UNCIVILIZED

44
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45
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46
IONIC COLUMNS
  • 2ND IN ORDER OF COLUMNS
  • HAS CURLY-QS AT TOP

47
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48
CORINTHIANCOLUMN
  • HIGHEST ORDER
  • CAPITAL HAS LEAF SHAPES

49
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50
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51
ACROPOLIS OF ATHENS
  • THE HIGH POINT OF THE CITY
  • CONTAINS PARTHENON, TEMPLE OF NIKE ERECHTHEION

52
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53
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54
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55
PARTHENON
  • BUILT BY PERICLES, 447-432BC
  • HONORED ATHENA
  • CURRENT APPEARANCE DUE TO 1687 EXPLOSION

56
FLOOR PLAN
57
ARTIST DRAWING OF INTERIOR THE STATUE IS OF
ATHENA
58
ANOTHER ARTIST RECREATION
59
EAST PEDIMENT
WEST PEDIMENT
THE PARTHENON WAS DECORATED WITH FRIEZES-WHICH
ARE 3-D CARVINGS ON WALLS. THESE WERE ON THE
FRONT AND BACK OF THE BUILDINGS
60
THIS IS A PEDIMENT
61
TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE
ALSO ON THE ACROPOLIS
62
ERECTHEION
ALSO ON THE ACROPOLIS
63
ANOTHER VIEW
64
THEATER AT EPIDAUROS
  • BUILT IN 330 BC
  • 14,000 SEATS
  • WAS A MEDICAL CENTER
  • LAUGHTER IS THE BEST MEDICINE

65
A PERSON CAN DROP A COIN ON THAT SPOT AND IT CAN
BE HEARD BY A PERSON STANDING AT THE TOP.
66
HELLENISTIC SCULPTURE
  • 323 BC 30 BC
  • AFTER THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT, UNTIL THE
    BEGINNING OF THE EMPIRE STAGE OF ROME
  • INNER EMOTIONS WERE MORE IMPORTANT THAN BEAUTY
  • CONCERNED MORE WITH REALITY THAN IDEALISTIC MAN

67
WINGED VICTORY
  • AKA NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE
  • FOUND IN 1863
  • FOR GREEK NAVAL VICTORY
  • THE WIND BECOMES A TANGIBLE PRESENCE AS IT SHAPES
    THE FOLDS OF THE DRESS

68
DYING GAUL
  • NOTABLE FOR THE REALISTIC SYMPATHETIC PORTRAYAL
    OF A DYING GALLIC TRIBESMEN
  • NOTE THE HAIR AND NECKLACE

69
ALTAR OF ZEUS
  • ORIGINALLY LOCATED IN TURKEY
  • THIS IS A RECONSTRUCTION IN A BERLIN MUSEUM

70
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71
LAOCOON
  • DRAMATIC VERSION OF FATE OF TROJAN PRIEST,
    PUNISHED BY SEA SERPENTS FOR TRYING TO WARN OF
    TROJAN HORSE SCHEME
  • INFLUENCED MICHELANGELO
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