BELLWORK - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • How did Spanish treatment of indigenous
    populations differ from the British?
  • How did the motives of colonization differ
    between Spain and England?
  • Who had stronger control of their colonies,
    England or Spain? How was the control of their
    colonies different? (Think about how they set up
    their government)
  • Compare/Contrast social divisions within Spanish
    English colonies.
  • What was the goal of mercantilism?
  • THINKER How did Europeans view the natives? Do
    you think these views influence modern
    stereotypes of these groups? Explain!

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
Spain and Portugal European Rivals
SPAIN Christopher Columbus
PORTUGAL Amerigo Vespucci
5
Spain and Portugal European Rivals
  • Both European powers fought for control over
    western ocean routes.
  • Christopher Columbus charted his voyage to the
    New World in 1492, representing Spain.
  • Amerigo Vespucci was on a Portuguese voyage in
    1501 his writings were distributed faster than
    Columbus, therefore having the world named after
    him.

6
June 7, 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas
  • Divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe
    between Portugal and Spain
  • The lands to the east would belong to Portugal
    and the lands to the west to Spain.
  • The treaty was ratified by both countries.
  • The other side of the world would be divided a
    few decades later by the Treaty of Zaragoza

7
(No Transcript)
8
Portuguese map of division 1502
9
In-class work
  • Now that we have learned about British/Spanish
    goals of exploration, you are going to read about
    the early leader Portugal.
  • Use the History of Latin America textbook pgs.
    53-63 to complete the PORTUGUESE column

10
Portuguese Colonization
  • Why was Portugal the early leader of exploration?
    If they were so powerful, why did they have less
    colonies in comparison to England and Spain?
  • Joao Fernandes Lavrador visited the North
    Atlantic coast to establish fishing grounds
  • Claimed Newfoundland and Labrador for Portugal
  • unsuccessful in maintaining control so they
    abandoned their land to focus on South America
  • Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal

11
(No Transcript)
12
Portuguese Exploration
Red actual possessions Orange areas of
influence trade Olive/Blue areas of
exploration Green trading posts Pink places
of rule w/ self-government
13
Portuguese map of Brazil 1519
14
Portuguese Control
  • Once established, the Portuguese government
    divided their territory into Captaincy colonies
  • These individual colonies were autonomous, and
    each was owned and run by a Captain-major
  • Unlike the Spanish colonies, Portuguese rule was
    relatively relaxed
  • Instead of focusing on control, Portugal aimed to
    provide a steady income for the Empire

15
Portuguese Empire
16
  • The houses of these Indians are the most
    beautiful I have ever seen and I swear that the
    closer I get to the mainland, the better they
    become. Theyre like grand pavilions, like royal
    tents in an encampment without streets. One here,
    another there. They are well swept and quite
    clean inside, and the furnishings are arranged in
    good order. All are built of very beautiful palm
    prances. This land is so beautiful, I could go on
    praising it forever.
  • - Christopher Columbus
  • - October 12, 1492
  • - Upon first arrival in the New World
    (Bahamas)

17
French Control of the Americas
  • In 1524, under the rule of King Francis I,
    Italian-born Giovanni da Verrazano explored the
    region between Florida and Newfoundland
  • Route to the Pacific Ocean
  • Wealth from resources (fur, lumber, fish)
  • In 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on three
    voyages to explore the Eastern coast of Canada
  • Established colonies in Eastern Canada, central
    U.S. and the Caribbean

18
French Control
  • Originally, King Francis maintained strict
    control of the colonies (taxes trade)
  • Slave ownership by the French was high,
    especially in the Caribbean.
  • divided by race
  • Since the majority of slaves worked on sugar
    plantations in the Caribbean, a lot of uprisings
    started here
  • French colonies, like Haiti, gained independence
    through slave revolts
  • By 1763, France had lost most of their territory
    to England in a series of six colonial wars
    (French-Indian War Seven Years War)
  • French colonial population declined due to
    weather disease

19
(No Transcript)
20
Review Game
  • Colonial control!!!

21
Discussion Geography of the Americas
  • From the Geography of the Americas section.
  • What geographic obstacles did Europeans face in
    their colonization of Latin America?
  • How did the physical obstacles effect the
    government of Latin America?
  • Compare and contrast the geographical
    advantages/disadvantages between Spanish South
    America and British North America.
  • Why were bodies of water important to early
    settlements?
  • Which regions of the Americas were colonized by
    the British? Which regions of the Americas were
    colonized by the Spanish?
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BELLWORK

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  • How did Spanish treatment of indigenous
    populations differ from the British?
  • How did the motives of colonization differ
    between Spain and England?
  • Who had stronger control of their colonies,
    England or Spain? How was the control of their
    colonies different? (Think about how they set up
    their government)
  • Compare/Contrast social divisions within Spanish
    English colonies.
  • What was the goal of mercantilism?
  • THINKER How did Europeans view the natives? Do
    you think these views influence modern
    stereotypes of these groups? Explain!

2
(No Transcript)
3
(No Transcript)
4
Spain and Portugal European Rivals
SPAIN Christopher Columbus
PORTUGAL Amerigo Vespucci
5
Spain and Portugal European Rivals
  • Both European powers fought for control over
    western ocean routes.
  • Christopher Columbus charted his voyage to the
    New World in 1492, representing Spain.
  • Amerigo Vespucci was on a Portuguese voyage in
    1501 his writings were distributed faster than
    Columbus, therefore having the world named after
    him.

6
June 7, 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas
  • Divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe
    between Portugal and Spain
  • The lands to the east would belong to Portugal
    and the lands to the west to Spain.
  • The treaty was ratified by both countries.
  • The other side of the world would be divided a
    few decades later by the Treaty of Zaragoza

7
(No Transcript)
8
Portuguese map of division 1502
9
In-class work
  • Now that we have learned about British/Spanish
    goals of exploration, you are going to read about
    the early leader Portugal.
  • Use the History of Latin America textbook pgs.
    53-63 to complete the PORTUGUESE column

10
Portuguese Colonization
  • Why was Portugal the early leader of exploration?
    If they were so powerful, why did they have less
    colonies in comparison to England and Spain?
  • Joao Fernandes Lavrador visited the North
    Atlantic coast to establish fishing grounds
  • Claimed Newfoundland and Labrador for Portugal
  • unsuccessful in maintaining control so they
    abandoned their land to focus on South America
  • Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil for Portugal

11
(No Transcript)
12
Portuguese Exploration
Red actual possessions Orange areas of
influence trade Olive/Blue areas of
exploration Green trading posts Pink places
of rule w/ self-government
13
Portuguese map of Brazil 1519
14
Portuguese Control
  • Once established, the Portuguese government
    divided their territory into Captaincy colonies
  • These individual colonies were autonomous, and
    each was owned and run by a Captain-major
  • Unlike the Spanish colonies, Portuguese rule was
    relatively relaxed
  • Instead of focusing on control, Portugal aimed to
    provide a steady income for the Empire

15
Portuguese Empire
16
  • The houses of these Indians are the most
    beautiful I have ever seen and I swear that the
    closer I get to the mainland, the better they
    become. Theyre like grand pavilions, like royal
    tents in an encampment without streets. One here,
    another there. They are well swept and quite
    clean inside, and the furnishings are arranged in
    good order. All are built of very beautiful palm
    prances. This land is so beautiful, I could go on
    praising it forever.
  • - Christopher Columbus
  • - October 12, 1492
  • - Upon first arrival in the New World
    (Bahamas)

17
French Control of the Americas
  • In 1524, under the rule of King Francis I,
    Italian-born Giovanni da Verrazano explored the
    region between Florida and Newfoundland
  • Route to the Pacific Ocean
  • Wealth from resources (fur, lumber, fish)
  • In 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on three
    voyages to explore the Eastern coast of Canada
  • Established colonies in Eastern Canada, central
    U.S. and the Caribbean

18
French Control
  • Originally, King Francis maintained strict
    control of the colonies (taxes trade)
  • Slave ownership by the French was high,
    especially in the Caribbean.
  • divided by race
  • Since the majority of slaves worked on sugar
    plantations in the Caribbean, a lot of uprisings
    started here
  • French colonies, like Haiti, gained independence
    through slave revolts
  • By 1763, France had lost most of their territory
    to England in a series of six colonial wars
    (French-Indian War Seven Years War)
  • French colonial population declined due to
    weather disease

19
(No Transcript)
20
Review Game
  • Colonial control!!!

21
Discussion Geography of the Americas
  • From the Geography of the Americas section.
  • What geographic obstacles did Europeans face in
    their colonization of Latin America?
  • How did the physical obstacles effect the
    government of Latin America?
  • Compare and contrast the geographical
    advantages/disadvantages between Spanish South
    America and British North America.
  • Why were bodies of water important to early
    settlements?
  • Which regions of the Americas were colonized by
    the British? Which regions of the Americas were
    colonized by the Spanish?
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