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SOVEREIGNTY AND THE CIVIL WAR

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SOVEREIGNTY AND THE CIVIL WAR DIVIDED SOVEREIGNTY U.S. Constitution Within the national government Checks and balances Between levels of government Federal, state ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOVEREIGNTY AND THE CIVIL WAR


1
SOVEREIGNTY AND THE CIVIL WAR
2
DIVIDED SOVEREIGNTY
  • Early views
  • Divine right of kings
  • Locke--consent of governed

3
DIVIDED SOVEREIGNTY
  • U.S. Constitution
  • Within the national government
  • Checks and balances
  • Between levels of government
  • Federal, state, and local
  • Tenth Amendment
  • An on-going debate

4
SLAVERY
  • Origins
  • Labor shortages
  • indentured servants
  • The Constitutional debate
  • Becoming less important
  • Morally offensive
  • Constitutional compromises
  • The cotton gin
  • How could anyone have justified slavery?

5
Justification
  • Racial differences
  • Religion
  • Making the best of a bad situation

6
Attempts at Compromise
  • Problem Slavery in Western Territories
  • Compromise of 1850
  • California free
  • Texas slave
  • New Mexico and Utah to decide later
  • South--at statehood
  • North--anytime

7
Failure of Compromise
  • Constitution no help
  • Not for sectional controversies
  • Supreme court no help
  • Dred Scott case (1857)
  • Lived in Illinois Wisconsin Territory
  • Issues
  • Was he a citizen?
  • Did residency make him free
  • Decision
  • Political process no help
  • Violence in Kansas
  • Sectionalism

8
CIVIL WAR
  • Succession
  • South Carolina 1st
  • Six others follow
  • Four more after war starts
  • Four slave states remain with Union
  • Fort Sumter (1861)
  • Lincoln elected (1860)
  • Minority of votes

9
Civil War (cont)
  • Advantages
  • North--resources
  • South--location and motivation

10
Civil War (cont)
Civil War (cont)
  • Deaths
  • Revolutionary War 4,400
  • War of 1812 2,300
  • Civil War 560,000
  • WWI 116,000
  • WWII 407,000
  • Korean 39,400
  • Vietnam 58,000

11
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
  • Lincolns proposed solution (1862)
  • Assist states which free slaves
  • Colonize in Central America
  • Proclamation (1863)
  • Slaves freed only in areas in rebellion
  • Not freed in states under union control

12
CONSEQUENCES OF CIVIL WAR
  • A civil ending
  • 13th Amendment--slavery abolished
  • 14th Amendment
  • Bill of Rights applies to the states
  • Equal protection under law
  • Citizenship for all
  • 15th Amendment--voting and race

13
CONSEQUENCES OF CIVIL WAR
  • Federal government supreme

14
THE ONGOING DEBATES
  • Federal government vs. states rights
  • Reparations for descendents of slaves
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