THE ENLIGHTENMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – THE ENLIGHTENMENT PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 68da9b-MmY0M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Description:

Title: THE ENLIGHTENMENT Author: Mentor Public Schools Last modified by: Waltz Created Date: 12/7/2008 9:47:55 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:4
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 12
Provided by: MentorPub9
Learn more at: http://www.mentorschools.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: THE ENLIGHTENMENT


1
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
2
Enlightenment Ideas
  • Reason
  • the absence of intolerance, bigotry, or prejudice
    in ones thinking
  • Voltaire regarded reason as a divine force
    because through the power of reason society would
    make steady progress toward liberty and justice

3
Enlightenment Ideas
  • Nature
  • What was natural was good and reasonable
  • Philosophes believed that there were natural laws
    in all areas such as economics and politics just
    as there were natural laws of motion.

Newton
4
Enlightenment Ideas
  • Happiness
  • A person who lived by natures laws would find
    happiness.
  • Philosophes rejected the medieval notion that
    people should accept misery in this world to find
    joy in the hereafter. They wanted well-being on
    Earth.

ROUSSEAU
5
Enlightenment Ideas
  • Progress
  • Now that people used the scientific approach to
    analyze human existence, philosophes believed
    that society and humankind could be perfected.

Condorcet
6
Enlightenment Ideas
  • Liberty
  • The philosophes admired the liberties that the
    English people had won in their Glorious
    Revolution and the Bill of Rights. Those rights
    were protected in England by a separation of
    governmental powers. Frances absolute monarchy
    established many restrictions on speech, trade,
    religion, and even personal travel.
  • Through reason, the philosophes believed, society
    could be set free.

Montesquieu
7
18th CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT
  • Centered in France.
  • Applied the scientific principles and reliance on
    reason and empiricism of the scientific
    Revolution to the task of determining laws for
    the governing of society.
  • Proponents emphasized reason, nature, happiness
    progress, and liberty.
  • Leading ''lights'' of this movement met in the
    homes of rich and intellectual women, attending
    salons where they could discuss their ideas.
  • The leading hostess of such salons was Madame
    Geoffrin.

8
18th CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT - PHILOSOPHES
French thinkers who were committed to secular
views based on reason or human understanding
only, which they hoped would provide a basis for
beneficial changes affecting every area of life
and thought
All of the philosophes saw themselves as
continuing the work of the great 17th century
pioneers-Francis Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Isaac
Newton, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke--who had
developed methods of rational and empirical
inquiry.
Descartes
9
18th CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT - PHILOSOPHES
The philosophes believed that science could
reveal nature as it truly is and show how it
could be controlled and manipulated. This belief
provided an incentive to extend scientific
methods into every field of inquiry, thus laying
the groundwork for the development of the modern
social sciences,
Locke
10
18th CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT PHILOSOPHES
AND RELIGION
  • The extremists rejected religion and sought to
    replace it with rationalism as a means of knowing
    nature and explaining the mysteries of life.
    These thinkers were either atheists or pantheist.
  • 2. The less extreme espoused Deism or
    agnosticism.
  • 3. Promoting self-expression and human
    fulfillment, the philosophes opposed censorship
    and repression. They rejected the intolerance of
    the established Christian churches and those
    governments that suppressed dissent.

11
18th CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT - PHYSIOCRATS
Economic thinkers who promoted laissez-faire
philosophies.
About PowerShow.com