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Title:

The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment How it happened . . . Renaissance Individualism Education outside of church Absolute monarchs were taking advantage of people Scientific Revolution ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Enlightenment


1
The Enlightenment
2
How it happened . . .
  • Renaissance
  • Individualism
  • Education outside of church
  • Absolute monarchs were taking advantage of people
  • Scientific Revolution
  • Reason
  • Facts Answers
  • Logical ways of dealing with things

3
The Enlightenment
  • Writers about how to better govern
  • Protect the individual
  • Allow individuals to participate in government
  • Logical reasonable ways to do this

4
John Locke
  • Life, liberty property
  • People are good
  • Government should be by the people

5
Voltaire
  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of religion
  • Hated slavery
  • Separation of church State

6
Montesquieu
  • 3 branches of government
  • Separation of powers
  • Checks and balances

7
Rousseau
  • Government should be formed by the people
  • Absolute monarchs are what force people to be bad
  • General will

8
Enlightened Despots
  • Monarchs who tried to use Enlightenment ideas
  • Still wanted absolute power but tried to please
    the people

9
Fredrick the Great
  • King of Prussia
  • Religious freedom
  • Reduced censorship
  • Reformed justice system

10
Catherine the Great
  • Czarina of Russia
  • Land reform
  • Improved education
  • Expanded the empire
  • Many of her ideas never actually happened

11
Joseph II of Austria
  • Son of Maria Theresa
  • Ended Serfdom
  • Ended censorship
  • Fixed taxes
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