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The Role of the United Nations In Space Security

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The Role of the United Nations In Space Security Mazlan Othman National Space Agency (ANGKASA) Malaysia – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Role of the United Nations In Space Security


1
The Role of the United Nations In Space Security
  • Mazlan Othman
  • National Space Agency (ANGKASA)
  • Malaysia

2
UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
  • 1st Committee (Disarmament and International
    Security)
  • Conference on Disarmament
  • 4th Committee (Special Political and
    Decolonisation)
  • UN Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

3
  • UN First Committee
  • Conference on Disarmament (CD) established in
    1979
  • TOR includes all multilateral arms control and
  • disarmament
  • Includes prevention of an arms race in outer
  • space

4
  • Conference on Disarmament
  • In 1985 established Ad Hoc committee on the
    Prevention of an Armed Race in Outer Space
    (PAROS)
  • Attempt to formulate and adopt a treaty banning
    space weapons
  • Call for the establishment of a link between
    space related work of the First and Fourth
    Committees

5
UN Fourth Committee
  • Agenda item International cooperation in the
    Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
  • Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

6
  • United Nations treaties
  • Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of
    States in the
  • Exploration and Use of Outer Space,
    including the Moon and
  • Other Celestial Bodies (Outer Space Treaty)
  • Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the
    Return of Astronauts
  • and the Return of Objects Launched into
    Outer Space (Rescue
  • Agreement)
  • Convention on International Liability for
    Damage Caused by Space
  • Objects (Liability Convention)
  • D Convention on Registration of Objects
    Launched into Outer Space
  • (Registration Convention)
  • E Agreement Governing the Activities of States
    on the Moon and
  • Other Celestial Bodies (Moon Treaty)

7
  • Principles adopted by the General Assembly
  • Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the
    Activities of States
  • in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space
  • B Principles Governing the Use by States of
    Artificial Earth Satellites
  • for International Direct Television
    Broadcasting
  • Principles Relating to Remote Sensing of the
    Earth from Outer
  • Space
  • Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power
    Sources in Outer
  • Space
  • Declaration on International Cooperation in the
    Exploration and Use of
  • Outer Space for the Benefit and in the
    Interest of All States, Taking into
  • Particular Account the Needs of Developing
    Countries

8
  • Outer Space Treaty
  • Preambular paragraphs
  • to refrain from placing in orbit around the
    Earth any objects carrying
  • nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons
    of mass
  • destruction..
  • condemned propaganda designed or likely to
    provoke or encourage
  • any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or
    act aggression

Article IV undertake not to place in orbit
around the Earth any objects carrying nuclear
weapons or any other kinds or weapons of mass
destruction establishment of military bases,
installations and fortifications.testing of
weapons military manoeuvers on celestial bodies
shall be forbidden
9
Article XI States Partiesconducting activities
in outer space.agree to inform.to the greatest
extent feasible and practicable, of the nature,
conduct, locations and results of such activities
10
Registration Convention Preambular
paragraph .a central register of objects
launched into outer space is established and
maintained, on a mandatory basis, by the
Secretary General of the United Nations
11
Liability Convention Preambular paragraph in
the launching of space objects, damage on
occasion may be caused by such objects. Article
III In the event of damage being caused. to a
space objectby a space object of another
launching State, the latter shall be liable.

12
  • Moon Treaty
  • Preambular paragraph
  • Desiring to prevent the Moon from becoming an
    area of
  • international conflict

.
Article 3 Any threat or use of forceon the
Moon is prohibited shall not place in orbit
objects carrying nuclear weapons or weapons of
mass destruction establishment of military
bases, installations and fortifications.. testin
g of weapons military manoeuvers on celestial
bodies shall be forbidden
13
  • UNCOPUOS
  • Scientific and Technical Subcommittee
    44thsession 2007
  • Agenda Item on Space Debris
  • Adopted the Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of
    the ST Subcommitee of COPUOS
  • Reference to the Interagency Space Debris
    Coordination Committee )IADC)
  • Reference to IADC Space Debris Mitigation
    Guidelines

14
Guideline 4 Avoid intentional destruction and
other harmful activities Recognizing that an
increased risk of collision could pose a threat
to space operations, the intentional destruction
of any on-orbit spacecraft and launch vehicle
orbital stages or other harmful activities that
generate long-lived debris should be
avoided. When intentional break-ups are
necessary, they should be conducted at
sufficiently low altitudes to limit orbital
lifetime of resulting fragments
15
  • UNCOPUOS
  • Legal Subcommittee 46th Session 2007
  • Registration of space objects
  • Growing complexity of registry
  • Unidroit draft protocol on space assets
  • Proposal for UN to assume the role of
    Supervisory Authority
  • under the future space assets protocol

16
  • UNCOPUOS
  • Committee of the Whole
  • Ways and means of maintaining outer space for
    peaceful purposes
  • Ad hoc statements made by delegations on
  • disarmament and militarization of space

17
  • THE WAY FORWARD
  • Space security issues should be approached in a
    holistic manner
  • Code of conduct
  • Space debris management
  • Space traffic management
  • Transparency, registration and confidence-building
    measures

18
THE WAY FORWARD Resolutions to space security
issues should build on, or strengthen, or
institutionalize already existing treaties,
principles, plans, registers, research and
monitoring programmes and databases. VALUE OF
ENGAGEMENT THROUGH DIPLOMACY AND CONSULTATION
19
THANK YOU
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ACOUSTIC CHAMBER
EMC TEST FACILITY
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