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Moralistic vs. Philosophical Religions

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It is tied to India Hinduism percentage by country When It Did Spread, ... Hinduism and Buddhism Author: Nolan Turner Last modified by: e132077 Created Date: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moralistic vs. Philosophical Religions


1
Moralistic vs. Philosophical Religions
  • Moralistic
  • Good and Bad
  • Philosophical
  • mind, state of being

2
SIKHISM
  • Sikhism is NOT a Polytheistic Religion it is a
    Monotheistic religion
  • A way of life and philosophy well ahead of its
    time when it was founded over 500 years ago and
    today has over 20 million followers
  •  Sikhism preaches that people of different races,
    religions, or sex are all equal in the eyes of
    God. It teaches the full equality of men and
    women. Women can participate in any religious
    function or perform any Sikh ceremony or lead the
    congregation in prayer.

3
  • Hinduism

4
Is said to be the worlds oldest religion
  • You can be Monotheistic
  • You can be Polytheistic
  • You can be Agnostic
  • You can be Atheist
  • Hinduism is a very broad religion

5
JUDAISM
CHRISTIANITY
GOD
YAHWEH
HINDUISM
ISLAM
ALLAH
BRAHMAN
6
http//www.sanatansociety.org/hindu_gods_and_godde
sses.htm
7
  • Teaches that right thinking and self denial will
    enable the soul to reach Nirvana
  • (a divine state of release from misdirected
    desire)

8
HELL!!!
  • Is designed to justly punish crime
  • It can last for a MOMENT or a 1,000 YEARS.

9
HEAVEN.
  • There is no Heaven.
  • Life is a never-ending circle.

Re-death
Re-birth
Hell
Limbo
10
Reincarnation.
  • Transmigration of Souls.
  • It is continuous where individuals attempt to
    achieve that perfect life.
  • If achieved, individual can be sent to Nirvana
    and the circle is broken.

11
LIMBO.
  • It is a Great Garden Party

12
Hindus believe
  • that a persons KARMA determines how his soul
    will be reborn in the next life.
  • KARMA deeds of action

13
  • DHARMA

PROVIDES A CODE OF BEHAVIOR OR SET OF MORAL AND
ETHICAL RULES GOVERNING THE CONDUCT OF EACH
SOCIAL CLASS. (AN UPPER CLASS HINDU AND A LOWER
CLASS HINDU HAVE DIFFERENT SETS OF RULES
(DHARMAS) TO LIVE BY).
14
Hinduism did not become popular outside its
homeland. It is tied to India
  • Hinduism percentage by country

When It Did Spread, It Did It Not By Land, But
Rather By Sea.
15
The sacred rivers
  • Hoping either to benefit from its restorative
    properties or to die and be transported to
    Paradise, the Ganges and other rivers are a key
    part of worship in the Hindu faith.

16
? QUESTIONS ?
  • Why is the cow sacred?
  • The Hindu does not worship the cow, has never
    worshipped the cow, and is not likely to ever
    worship the cow.
  • The cow represents a link between man and the
    dumb animals of Creation.
  • The cow represents Motherhood, Mothers milk,
    and gentle nature.

17
  • Whats with the red dot (bindi)?
  • Men and women wear the red dot, which is paste,
    powder, or a sticker. It is a religious symbol.
    It represents divine sight and is a sign that one
    is Hindu. The colorful sticker versions of the
    dot are more of a beauty mark or part of a ladys
    make-up.

18
Hindus believe
  • in one God, one Humanity, and one world.
  • God is not far away, living in a remote heaven,
    but is inside each and every soul, in the heart
    and consciousness, waiting to be discovered.
  • there is one all-pervasive God who energizes the
    entire universe.
  • the concept of God which exists in and gives life
    to all things (panentheism)

19
  • Hinduism shows a great capacity to absorbing
    ideas and adapting to conditions.
  • When Buddha challenged it, in the 6th century
    B.C., the Brahmas simply added him and accepted
    certain Buddhist concept.
  • Thus Buddhism virtually vanished from India.

20
  • Christianity reached India at least 1,600 to
    1,900 years ago.
  • The Christian message was absorbed.
  • In fact, Jesus is the Tenth Incarnation of Vishnu.

21
A way of life that attempts to identify the
causes of human suffering and offer a set of
practices that are claimed to end, or ease
suffering.
22
The Four Noble Truths.
  • 1. Life Suffering

To live means to suffer, because the human nature
is not perfect and neither is the world we live
in. During our lifetime, we inevitably have to
endure physical suffering such as pain, sickness,
injury, tiredness, old age, and eventually death
and we have to endure psychological suffering
like sadness, fear, frustration, disappointment,
and depression. Although there are different
degrees of suffering and there are also positive
experiences in life that we perceive as the
opposite of suffering, such as ease, comfort and
happiness, life in its totality is imperfect and
incomplete, because our world is subject to
impermanence.
23
2. The origin of suffering is attachment.
  • The reasons for suffering are desire, passion,
    pursuit of wealth and prestige, striving for fame
    and popularity, or in short craving and
    clinging. Because the objects of our attachment
    are transient (temporary), their loss is
    inevitable, thus suffering will necessarily
    follow.

24
3. The cessation of suffering is attainable.
  • (it is possible to stop suffering)

- Suffering can be overcome through human
activity, simply by removing the cause of
suffering. Attaining and perfecting dispassion is
a process of many levels that ultimately results
in the state of Nirvana. (Nirvana means freedom
from all worries, troubles, complexes,
fabrications and ideas. Nirvana is not
comprehensible for those who have not attained
it).
25
4. The path to the cessation of suffering is to
follow the Eight Fold Path to Nirvana.
  • Right Faith (do you truly understand. It does
    not deal with reason.)
  • Right Resolve to Resist Evil
  • Right Speech (not just what you say, but what you
    think you should do)
  • Right Action (how do you conduct yourself)

26
  • Right Living
  • Right Effort (does you head, heart, and body work
    as one?)
  • Right Thought (intentions, attitudes,
    aspirations)
  • Right Meditation (concentration. Whether it be
    breathing, or letting go to where there is
    nothing but silence)

27
  • According to Buddha, man would go through several
    rebirths before he would be able to overcome
    his desires. Those who finally rid themselves
    of all desires would reach Nirvana.
  • In Nirvana, mans soul would stop it cycle of
  • rebirth and would become one with the
    universe.
  • Buddhism is the only religion to begin in
    Indias Ganges River Valley area, but it is 4
    in India behind Hinduism, Islam, and
    Christianity.

28
ANIMISM
  • Sees god in the animals (spirit) which they hunt.

29
CONFUCIANISMDeals with the Li and the HsinLi is
the ability to SeeHsin The Lane or
PatternThe Heart and the Mind
30
  • Confucius addressed both Buddhist and Taoist
    issues

31
Taoism / Daoism
  • Is the root of Chinese philosophy.
  • The unity of heaven and earth is possible only if
    Tao is allowed to take its natural course.
  • To understand Tao is the very secret of life.
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