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Buddhism

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Buddhist missionaries spread Buddhism to new areas 15. How did trade impact the spread of Buddhism AND what are some areas in east Asia to which Buddhism spread? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Buddhism


1
Buddhism
  • Siddhartha Gautama and
  • the development of Buddhism

2
1. Who was the founder of Buddhism?
  • Siddhartha Gautama

3
2. Describe the early life of Siddhartha Gautama.
  • Born a prince in northern India he was isolated
    in the palace walls and destined for greatness.

4
3. What were the Four Passing Sights?
  • Old man
  • Sick man
  • Dead man
  • Holy Man

5
4. What understanding did Siddhartha take away
from these sights?
  • Life of full of suffering but only the holy man
    seemed at peace.

6
5. What did Siddhartha go in search of?
  • Enlightenment!
  • Way to end suffering

7
6. What did Siddhartha become known as?
  • the Buddha
  • meaning the Enlightened One

8
7. In his first sermon, what were his four main
ideas called? List them.
  • The Four Noble Truths
  • 1. All suffer and know sorrow.
  • 2. We suffer because of desires.
  • 3. To end suffering we must end desires.
  • 4. End desires by following the Eightfold Path

9
8. What is another term for the Eightfold Path?
  • Middle Way

10
9. List the steps in the Eightfold Path. Make
an organizer. (web)
  • Right Views
  • Right Resolve
  • Right Speech
  • Right Conduct
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Concentration

11
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12
10. What is the goal for Buddhists called?
  • Nirvana
  • Nirvana for Gautama is to live the life on earth
    as the result of the Enlightenment, it is not a
    place, but a state of mind in which one is
    released from desire, craving, fear... and, most
    specially, Nirvana brings a Buddhist out of the
    cycles of the curse of reincarnation for ever.

13
11. What main idea do Hinduism and Buddhism have
in common?
  • reincarnation

14
12. What 2 main Hindu ideas did the Buddha
reject?
  • the many Hindu gods
  • the caste system

15
13. As a result of the caste system rejection,
what type of early converts did Buddhism receive?
  • Laborers, craftspeople and servants

16
14. How did Buddhism spread after the Buddhas
death?
  • Buddhist missionaries spread Buddhism to new areas

17
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18
15. How did trade impact the spread of Buddhism
AND what are some areas in east Asia to which
Buddhism spread?
  • Traders carried Buddhism along trade routes such
    as the Silk Roads to places like China, Korea and
    Japan and southeast Asia.

19
Indian Buddha
Chinese Buddha
20
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21
3 Theories for Fat Buddha
Buddhism reached China around 100 CE, and was
wide spread there by 600 CE. And we get three
theories on Fat Buddha.
First the physical image of a Noble was different
as was the concept of the results of
enlightenment, a Noble was not athletic or a
warrior, but a well fed person of leisure.
Enlightenment led to material success and wealth
and a position at least close to nobility. And a
belief that fat men were inherently benevolent,
similar to the "jolly fat man", Jolly Ol' St.
Nick for example.
Then there is the story of a Chinese Buddhist
monk in the 6th century who just happened to have
a belly that shook like jelly. He was a
benevolent fellow who dedicated himself to
helping others, and was regarded as the
incarnation of the Boddhisatva Metteya, who had
reached nirvana but stayed around just to help
people
And finally, the theory held by most Buddhist
scholars. A sagely Zen monk appeared in China
around 850 CE and died in 916 CE. He said his
name was "Knowing This" (ChiChe). No one knew
where he came from, he carried a big fat bag and
was famous for his fat belly. When asked how to
obtain nirvana he would lay down the bag, not
saying a word. When asked about what happened
after reaching nirvana, he would pick up the bag
and walk away, still not uttering a word. It is
pretty much accepted that such a monk existed. He
is probably the inspiration for Fat Buddha, as
the statues began appearing in the late 9th
century, 1200 years after the Gautama's death.
22
Confucianism
23
Qin Shi Huangdi
24
Wudi
25
Huns
26
Civil service exam
27
crossbow
28
Great Wall
29
Book burning
30
Aryans
31
Indo-European
32
steppes
33
Caste system
34
brahmins
35
Hinduism
36
moksha
37
reincarnation
38
darma
39
Siddhartha Gautama
40
nirvana
41
Eightfold path
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