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Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!

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Get your brain ready to WORK OUT! Freshman A English GRAMMAR BOOT CAMP! PART ONE: IND vs. DCW (s 1-13) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!


1
Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!
  • Freshman A English
  • GRAMMAR BOOT CAMP!
  • PART ONE IND vs. DCW (slides 1-13)

2
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE IND
  • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • SUBJECT PREDICATE COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • NOUN VERB ( OBJECT RECEIVER) INDEPENDENT
  • Wheaton North is the best high school.
  • The Falcons have the most spirit.
  • Wheaton is a diverse city.
  • American history has been created by diverse
    stories.

3
DEPENDENT CLAUSES, PHRASES, FRAGMENTS, WORDS DCW
  • DCW NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • TYPE 1 DCW starting with one of these words
    after, although, as, before, even though, in
    order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever,
    when, whenever, whether, and while
  • Examples for TYPE 1
  • Since I am a teacher DCW
  • Because Falcons are so cool DCW
  • Even though Wheaton is a suburb of Chicago DCW

4
DEPENDENT CLAUSES, PHRASES, FRAGMENTS, WORDS DCW
  • DCW NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • TYPE 2 DCW starting with verbs.
  • Knowing that I am an avid reader DCW
  • Enjoying a good book on a sunny day DCW
  • Reading literature about the world DCW
  • Completed SOAPSTone for English class DCW

5
DEPENDENT CLAUSES, PHRASES, FRAGMENTS, WORDS DCW
  • DCW NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • TYPE 3 Non-essentials
  • Our class, the best class ever, won the Falcon
    spirit award!
  • Wheaton North fans, the loudest fans of them all,
    stormed the football field.
  • Chicagos baseball fans, the most energetic,
    stormed U.S. Cellular, formerly known as Comiskey
    Park.

6
DEPENDENT CLAUSES, PHRASES, FRAGMENTS, WORDS DCW
  • DCW NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE
  • TYPE 4 DCW that are select transition words
    consequently, clearly, furthermore, in addition,
    moreover, also, however, on the other hand,
    nevertheless, on the contrary
  • Clearly, Wheaton has changed over the last
    century.
  • Nevertheless, Wheaton still maintains historic
    elements from the past.

7
Practice 1 IND or DCW?
  1. Wheaton North has a reputation for having great
    students.
  2. Because we all have identities
  3. While we research world religions
  4. We are learning advanced reading and writing
    skills.
  5. Chicago has a long history of social inequality.
  6. Knowing my homework is good for me.
  7. Nevertheless
  8. The loudest fans ever

8
Practice 1 IND or DCW?
  1. IND
  2. DCW
  3. DCW
  4. IND
  5. IND
  6. DCW
  7. DCW
  8. DCW

9
GOLDEN RULES SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • (1) IND, FANBOYS (coordinating conjunctions) IND
  • Coordinating conjunctions FANBOYS (for, and,
    nor, but, or, yet, so)
  • Wheaton North rules, and WWS students are ok too.
  • We are studying about different cultural
    practices, and we are learning how to be good
    readers and writers.
  • Your Example ___________________________________
    __
  • (2) IND, DCW
  • I went to a WWS game, knowing I am a Wheaton
    North fan.
  • I cheered on the WWS team, even though I am a
    Wheaton North fan. WWS was playing a Naperville
    team.
  • Your Example ____________________________________
    __

10
GOLDEN RULES SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • (3) IND1, DCW, IND1
  • Chicago, the Windy City, is a fantastic city.
  • Your Example ___________________________
  • (4) DCW, IND
  • Even though I have limited understanding of
    sports, I still enjoy the fan culture.
  • Your Example ___________________________

11
GOLDEN RULES SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • Type 5
  • IND FANBOYS (coordinating conjunctions) DCW
  • Wheaton North students are ready to learn and
    become future leaders.
  • Your Example ___________________________

12
Practice 2 Fix These! Make each a complete
sentence. Be creative!
  • (1) The best city.
  • (2) Because we all have identities
  • (3) While we research world religions
  • (4) reading and writing skills.
  • (5) the effects of social inequality.
  • (6) Knowing my homework is good for me.
  • (7) However
  • (8) The loudest fans ever

13
Practice 2 Fix These!
  1. Trade with a partner.
  2. Partners For each sentence, underline IND and
    circle DCW
  3. Put a ? Mark for sentences that do not follow the
    GOLDEN RULE!
  4. Return to your partner.

14
Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!
  • Freshman A English
  • GRAMMAR BOOT CAMP!
  • Part Two Semi-colons, colons, other commas,
    active voice (slides 14-29)

15
GOLDEN RULE SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • THE SEMI-COLON
  • Rule 1 IND1IND2.
  • Tris struggles to challenge her post apocalyptic
    society this is an example of her attempt to
    break the cycle .
  • Rule 2 IND1 DCW,IND2.
  • We have been working hard however, we still have
    much to learn.

NEW IND
16
Practice 3 Semi-Colons
  • Directions First, underline all the IND and
    circle all the DCW, if there are any. Some of
    these sentences need semi-colons. Add semi-colons
    as necessary. For sentences with no mistakes,
    write NO CHANGE.
  • We learned how to use MLA format however, we
    could still use some practice.
  • Tris attempts to break the cycle of her society
    she knows there will be grave consequences.
  • We will be writing perfect paragraphs our claims
    will focus on how characters break the cycle.
  • Katniss in The Hunger Games is the protagonist
    Aibeleen is the protagonist of The Help.

17
Practice 3 Semi-Colons
  • We learned how to use MLA format however, we
    could still use some practice.
  • Triss attempts to break the cycle of her
    society she knows there will be grave
    consequences.
  • We will be writing perfect paragraphs our claims
    will focus on how characters break the cycle.
  • Katniss in The Hunger Games is the protagonist
    Aibeleen is the protagonist of The Help.

18
GOLDEN RULE SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • COLON
  • IND DCW
  • Rule 1 Use a colon before a DCW that is a
    list.
  • A colon is needed before these phrases these
    are, there are, the following, as follows, such
    as , these things.
  • Ex We are annotating for the following
    essential questions, imagery-evoking syntax, and
    long versus short sentences.
  • Rule 2 Use a colon before a DCW that is an
    explanation of the IND.
  • Ex There is one golden rule separate IND and
    DCW.
  • Ex Mildred has one interest the characters on
    her TV shows.

19
GOLDEN RULE SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • COLON
  • Rule 3 (Exception to INDDCW) Use a colon
    before a long, formal quotation
  • The narrator described Montags fire hose as
    he incinerates a house full of books With the
    brass nozzle in his fists, with this great python
    spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world,
    the blood pounded in his head, and his hands were
    the hands of some amazing conductor playing all
    the symphonies of blazing and burning to bring
    down the tatters and charcoal ruins of history
    (Montag 1).

20
Practice 4 Colons
  • Directions First, underline all the IND and
    circle all the DCW, if there are any. Some of
    these sentences need colons. Add colons as
    necessary. For sentences with no mistakes, write
    NO CHANGE.
  • Karen Armstrong described her definition of
    religions A call to change human behavior
    (Armstrong).
  • I recall one of the most controversial issues in
    human civilization religion.
  • We have learned the following annotating for
    SOAPSToneD, writing with MLA format, and grammar.
  • I am going to one of my favorite places in the
    city The Art Institute Museum.
  • I plan on reading the following Fahrenheit 451,
    MacBeth, and other classics.

21
Practice 4 Colons
  • Directions First, underline all the IND and
    circle all the DCW, if there are any. Some of
    these sentences need colons. Add colons as
    necessary. For sentences with no mistakes, write
    NO CHANGE.
  • Karen Armstrong described her definition of
    religions A call to change human behavior
    (Armstrong).
  • I recall one of the most controversial issues in
    human civilization religion.
  • NO CHANGE
  • We have learned the following annotating for
    SOAPSToneD, writing with MLA format, and grammar.
  • I am going to one of my favorite places in the
    city The Art Institute Museum.
  • I plan on reading the following Fahrenheit 451,
    MacBeth, and other classics.

22
GOLDEN RULE SEPARATE IND vs DCW
  • OTHER COMMA USAGE
  • Rule 1 Use a comma after every item in a series
    except the last. The items in a series may be
    single words, or phrases, or clauses.
  • Ex We have read about the following different
    world religious structures, different cultural
    practices, and different belief systems.
  • Rule 2When two or more adjectives come before a
    noun, use a comma after each adjective except the
    last one.
  • Ex We might describe our own homes as
    comfortable, valuable places.

23
Practice 5 Other Comma Usage
  • Rule 1Use a comma after every item in a series
    except the last. The items in a series may be
    single words, or phrases, or clauses.
  • Your Example ___________________________
  • Rule 2When two or more adjectives come before a
    noun, use a comma after each adjective except the
    last one.
  • Your Example___________________________

24
Directions Select the most correct choice for
the underlined portion. Then, rewrite the
following sentence using the correct answer.
  1. NO CHANGE
  2. books with the firemen
  3. books, the firemen
  4. booking the firemen
  • Without really knowing the content of the books
    the firemen burnt the house down.

25
Directions Select the most correct choice for
the underlined portion. Then, rewrite the
following sentence using the correct answer.
  • Montag knew Beatty could kill Faber Montag chose
    to burn his problem.
  1. NO CHANGE
  2. Faber, Montag
  3. Faber Montag
  4. Faber, Montag,

26
Directions Select the most correct choice for
the underlined portion. Then, rewrite the
following sentence using the correct answer.
  • Beatty may have been a father figure to Montag
    before Montag chose to break the cycle however
    Faber is now a father figure for Montag, the
    rebel and fugitive.
  1. NO CHANGE
  2. the cycle however Faber
  3. the cycle however Faber
  4. the cycle however, Faber
  5. the cycle, however, Faber

27
Directions Select the most correct choice for
the underlined portion. Then, rewrite the
following sentence using the correct answer.
  • Beatty, Montags fire captain is ironically
    well-read, even though he preaches that reading
    is dangerous and useless.
  1. NO CHANGE
  2. Beatty, Montags fire, captain was
  3. Beatty Montags fire captain, is
  4. Beatty, Montags fire captain, is

28
Directions Select the most correct choice for
the underlined portion. Then, rewrite the
following sentence using the correct answer.
  • Our class has been doing a great job
    participating in Socratic Seminars a method of
    discussion that Aristotle once used in ancient
    Greece!
  1. NO CHANGE
  2. Socratic Seminars, way of,
  3. Socratic Seminars a method, of
  4. Socratic Seminar, a method of

29
Active Voice
  • form of "to be" past participle passive voice
  • Need help deciding whether a sentence is passive?
    Ask yourself whether there is an action going on
    in the sentence. If so, what is at the front of
    the sentence? Is it the person or thing that does
    the action? Or is it the person or thing that has
    the action done to it?
  • Just switch the word order!
  • The metropolis has been scorched by the dragon's
    fiery breath.
  • The dragon scorched the metropolis with his
    fiery breath.

30
Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!
  • Freshman A English
  • GRAMMAR BOOT CAMP!
  • Part Three Simple Grammar and Punctuation
    (slides 30-32 )

31
Punctuation (at the end of a sentence)
  • Period .
  • Full stop, complete thought
  • Many other uses
  • Exclamation Point !
  • Interjection, excitement, emotion, high volume
  • Dont over use
  • Question Mark ?
  • Interrogative sentence or phrase

32
Odds and Ends
  • Ellipsis
  • Omission, unfinished thought, nervousness
  • Capitalization
  • Proper nouns
  • Beginning of sentences
  • Seasons, Directions, Mr., etc.

33
Get your brain ready to WORK OUT!
  • Freshman A English
  • GRAMMAR BOOT CAMP!
  • Part Four Dash, Hyphens, Parentheses,
    Apostrophes (Plural vs. Possessive), Brackets
    (slides 33-50)

34
Apostrophes
  • Rule 1 Contractions
  • I shouldnt use contractions in my formal essays.
  • Rule 2 Indicate Singular Possessive
  • Ex Connors birds Jesses computer the cats
    hat
  • Rule 3Plural Possessive
  • Ex The students essays the cats hats The
    Joneses party

35
Apostrophes
  • Rule 4 Special Plural
  • For the most part, do not use apostrophes in
    regular plural words.
  • Use apostrophes in these cases
  • Words used as words
  • Ex You used too many yets in your perfect
    paragraph.
  • -Alphabet
  • ExMy name has two fs and two es.

36
POSSESSIVE NOUNS USE APOSTROPHES
  • Apostrophe Rule 1 add 's to the singular form
    of the word (even if it ends in -s)
  • ? The zoos animals are wild.
  • Apostrophe Rule 2 add 's to the plural forms
    that do not end in -s
  • ? The geeses honking is loud.
  • Apostrophe Rule 3 add ' to the end of plural
    nouns that end in -s
  • ? Three friends letters arrived in the mail.
  • Apostrophe Rule 4 add 's to the last noun to
    show joint possession of an object
  • ? Mrs. Delacruz and Ms. Guzdziols room is
    pretty.

37
DIAGNOSTIC Make corrections for each of the
following 1) INCORRECT Is this anybodys book?
CORRECT ______________ 2) INCORRECT Who's dog
is this? CORRECT ______________ 3) INCORRECT
The group made it's decision. CORRECT
______________ 4) INCORRECT The geeses honks
are loud. CORRECT ______________
38
DIAGNOSTIC Make corrections for each of the
following
  • CORRECT Is this anybody's book?
  • CORRECT Whose dog is this?
  • CORRECT The group made its decision.
  • CORRECT The geeses honks are loud.

39
PRACTICE MAKE YOUR OWN
  • Apostrophe Rule 1 add 's to the singular form
    of the word (even if it ends in -s)
  • ____________________________________________
    ____________
  • Apostrophe Rule 2 add 's to the plural forms
    that do not end in -s
  • _________________________________________________
    _______
  • Apostrophe Rule 3 add ' to the end of plural
    nouns that end in -s
  • _________________________________________________
    _______
  • Apostrophe Rule 4 add 's to the last noun to
    show joint possession of an object
  • _________________________________________________
    _______

40
Dashes
  • Dashes add emphasis.
  • Dashes make sentences stronger or more
    interesting than conjunctions.

41
Dashes
  • Rule 1 Use a dash to link two parts of a
    sentence.
  • Okay
  • Come to class on time because its the rule.
  • Conjunctions are too boring. Students will show
    up late.
  • Better
  • Come to class on time - its the rule.
  • Whoa! Students will be so impressed and
    intimated by dash usage that they show up on time
    every single day.

42
Dashes
  • Rule 2 Use dashes to emphasize non essential
    information or parenthetical expressions.
  • -Ex We have been learning grammarmy
    favorite subjectfor the past week.
  • Rule 3 Use a dash to set off a long appositive
    or an appositive with lots of commas.
  • Okay - I love Extreme Trampoline, a large
    warehouse in Carol Stream with
    dangerous, bouncy trampolines.
  • Better I love Extreme Trampoline a large
    warehouse in
  • Carol Stream with dangerous,
    bouncy trampolines.

43
Dashes
  • Rule 4 Use a dash to sum up a list or idea.
  • Ex Red, white, and blue those are the American
    colors.
  • Rule 5 Use a dash in dialogue to show
    hesitation or a break in the flow of a sentence.
  • Ex Last Wednesday no, it was the one before
    you were free to do as you pleased.

44
Hyphens
  • Rule 1 Compound Words
  • There is no specific rule consult a dictionary!
  • Ex Vice-president, self-awareness, X-ray
  • Rule 2 With Prefixes
  • all-, co-, ex-, half-, great-, numbers and
    capital letters
  • Ex All-knowing, co-author, ex-convict,
    half-life, great- uncle, 10-yards, T-Shirt
  • Rule 3 Dates
  • 11-19-1988
  • I expect gifts..

45
Hyphens
  • Rule 4 Compound Numbers from 21-99
  • Ex twenty-three, one hundred and sixty-two.
  • Rule 5 Fractions as Adjectives/Adverbs
  • The recipe called for one-half gallon of eggnog.
  • Rule 6 Scores
  • We won the game 88-62
  • Rule 7 Compound Adjectives
  • Not long ago you were eighth-grade students
  • Rule 8 Instead of through
  • Read pages 1-234 for tomorrow

46
Titles
  • Use italics or underlining for names of books,
    magazines, newspapers, movies, operas, plays, and
    other large works.
  • Ex The New York Times
  • The Phantom of the Opera
  • The Wizard of Oz

47
Titles
  • Use quotation marks for the names of songs,
    poems, magazine articles, newspaper articles,
    short stories, chapters of books, and other small
    works.
  • Ex Song Like a Rolling Stone
  • Article Student Appreciates Amazing Grammar
    PowerPoint

48
(Parentheses)
  • Rule 1 Set off parenthetical expressions (by
    the way information) from the rest of the
    sentence.
  • Ex John Lennon (1940-1980) was the most gifted
    songwriter in The Beatles.
  • Nobody (except his mother) can sit next to him
    because of his foul stench.
  • I paid 10 euros (about 8) for a Big Mac.

49
Brackets
  • Use brackets for Clarity
  • Often used when quoting another source
  • Everybody wants the greatest teacher of all time
    Miss Martin as their English teacher
  • They ants are taking over my apartment. I am
    powerless to stop them
  • Read chapters 1-3 for homework tonight.

50
  • Congratulations!
  • You survived grammar boot camp!
  • Who has two thumbs and knows you will do great on
    the test?
  • This Teacher!
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