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OP/BP 4.01 Environmental Assessment

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... EA examines the project negative and positive impacts small scale irrigation ... watershed management and rehabilitation, and small-scale agro-industries, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OP/BP 4.01 Environmental Assessment


1
OP/BP 4.01 Environmental Assessment
  • Zagreb, May 6-8 2009
  • Presenter Natasa Vetma
  • Presentation prepared by Ruxandra Floroiu

2
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Policy Objectives
  • To examine the potential environmental risks and
    benefits associated with Bank financed
    investments
  • To support integration of environmental and
    social aspects of investments into the decision
    making process
  • Consult affected people, involve NGOs, and
    provide opportunities for their participation in
    the environmental assessment aspects

3
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Possible impacts
4
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Possible impacts
5
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Possible impacts
6
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • EA is required by Bank-financed investments
  • The Borrower is responsible for carrying out the
    EA
  • The Bank advises the Borrower on Banks EA
    requirements
  • The Bank does not finance activities that will
    contravene national legislation or relevant
    international environmental agreements identified
    during EA

7
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • EA instruments used to meet OP 4.01
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
  • Regional or sectoral EA/SEA
  • Environmental Audit
  • Hazard or Risk Assessment
  • Environmental Management Plan /Checklist
  • Environmental Framework

8
  • Environmental Screening in our countries lists
  • Based on
  • EU EIA (Directive 85/337/EEC as amended by
    97/11/EC and 2003/35/EC
  • SEA Directive (2001/42/EC)
  • Several levels usually
  • A must list
  • To be determined by relevant Ministry
  • To be determined on regional or local government
    levels
  • Some general measures in permits (location /
    construction / use

9
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Environmental Screening
  • Category A, B, C or FI
  • Criteria for clasification include type,
    location, sensitivity, and scale of project as
    well as the nature and magnitude of potential
    impacts
  • Projects with multiple components or sub-projects
    are categorized according to the component with
    the most serious potential impact

10
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Category A
  • - project likely to have significant
    irreversible adverse and sensitive environmental
    impacts
  • - impacts may affect an area larger than that
    subject to physical works
  • - EA compares project feasible alternatives and
    their related impacts (including No action)
  • - EA recommends preventive/mitigation measures
    and their monitoring

11
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category A examples
  • large-scale conversion or degradation of natural
    habitats
  • extraction, consumption, or conversion of
    substantial amounts of forest
  • direct discharge of pollutants resulting in
    degradation of air, water or soil
  • production, storage, use or disposal of hazardous
    materials and wastes
  • risks associated with the proposed use of
    pesticides

12
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category A
examples contd
  • Large-scale infrastructure ports and harbor
    development, transport (rail, road and
    waterways), large- scale water resources
    management (river basin development, water
    transfer) dams and large reservoirs, hydropower
    and thermal power, extractive industries and oil
    and gas transport
  • Large-scale agriculture, irrigation, drainage and
    flood control, aquaculture agro industries, and
    production forestry
  • Major urban projects involving housing
    development, water treatment, wastewater
    treatment plants, solid waste collection and
    disposal
  • Industrial pollution abatement, hazardous waste
    management, industrial estates, manufacture and
    large-scale use of pesticides and
  • Projects that, regardless of scale or type, would
    have severe adverse impacts on critical or
    otherwise valuable natural or cultural resources.

13
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category A
examples contd
Plovdiza Dam, Bulgaria
14
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category A
examples contd
Rijeka Port, Croatia
15
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Category B
  • project has potential less adverse environmental
    impacts, mostly site-specific
  • EA scope is narrower than the one for Category
    A
  • EA examines the project negative and positive
    impacts
  • small scale irrigation and drainage projects
  • small-scale, relatively clean (gas or light
    diesel oil fired) thermal power plants, micro
    hydro power plants, and small sanitary landfills
  • rehabilitating or maintaining an existing
    infrastructure (e.g., roads, power, transmission
    and irrigation networks)

16
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category B
examples contd
  • Small-scale infrastructure projects power
    transmission and distribution networks, rural
    electrification, mini (run of the river with no
    major water impoundments) or micro-hydropower
    projects, small-scale clean fuel fired thermal
    power plants, renewable energy (other than
    hydropower), energy efficiency and energy
    conservation, rural water supply and sanitation,
    road rehabilitation, maintenance and upgrading
    telecommunications, etc.
  • Health care service delivery, HIV-AIDS, education
    (with limited expansion of existing
    schools/buildings), repair/rehabilitation of
    buildings when hazardous materials might be
    encountered (e.g., asbestos, stored pesticides)
    and
  • Small-scale irrigation, drainage, agricultural
    and rural development projects, rural water
    supply and sanitation, watershed management and
    rehabilitation, and small-scale agro-industries,
    tourism (small-scale developments).

17
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category B
examples contd
Rehabilitation of tertiary irrigation canal,
Serbia
18
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category B
examples contd
Hospital rehabilitation, Turkey
19
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Category B
examples contd
Wastewater Treatment Plant Rehabilitation
20
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Category C
  • project with minimal or no adverse impact
  • technical assistance projects on institutional
    development, computerization, and training
  • Education and Health projects not involving
    construction
  • Rehabilitation of a limited number of small
    buildings (e.g., schools or health clinics where
    health care waste is not an issue) no changes
    in blueprint and
  • Institutional development, training and certain
    capacity building activities.

21
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Category FI
  • involve a financial intermediary investments are
    done through sub-projects with different
    environmental impacts
  • the FI screens each subproject proposed for
    financing, and classifies it into any one of
    three categories A, B or C
  • projects using community development driven
    approach and social funds
  • investments for which the final location /
    locations is / are not known at time of appraisal

22
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Principles contd
  • Policy applies to emergency recovery projects
    processed under OP/BP 8.00 Rapid Response to
    Crises and Emergencies
  • the extent to which the emergency was affected by
    inappropriate environmental practices should be
    determined as part of the preparation of such
    projects
  • any necessary corrective measures be built into
    either the emergency project or a future lending
    operation

23
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Mitigation Measures
What is incorrect in terms of environmental
mitigation management?
24
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Mitigation Measures
contd
25
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Responsibilities
Project Preparation
  • Bank
  • Ensures that Borrower fulfill Bank requirements
    with EA review
  • Responsible for screening and clasification of
    each investment/sub-project
  • Provides advice to Borrower on quality of EA
    report
  • Guides the Borrower in proper EA preparation
    before project appraisal
  • Borrower
  • Familiar with Bank policy
  • Understand the objective of the EA process
  • Hire and manage EIA Consultants for EIA report
    preparation and disclosure
  • Responsible for disclosure and consultation of
    draft EA
  • Alocates costs for EA mitigation measures and EMP
    implementation

26
OP (Operational Policy) 4.01 Responsibilities
contd
Project Implementation
  • Bank
  • Carries out supervision missions
  • Ensures due diligence on implementation of Bank
    environmental policies
  • Provides advice to Borrower on enhancement of EMP
    implementation
  • Conduct debriefing with borrower, review any
    noncompliance issues, agree on corrective actions
  • Borrower
  • Compliance with measures agreed in EA
  • Implements the EMP
  • Reports the status of mitigation measures
  • Reports the findings of monitoring program

27
How to help yourselves
  • Nominate a person in PIU for environmental
    matters that will be trained by the Bank and will
    closely work with the consultant
  • Do not forget this is your document form it
    in the way that fits your institutional structure
  • Use the project to educate your team and yourself
  • Build on the national document include water
    permits and EIA decisions into the document
  • Remember that mitigation measures and monitoring
    can be part of the constructor contract and the
    supervision of the same can be part of the
    supervising engineers contract
  • Include the monitoring cost in the budget and if
    responsibility of the contractor or supervising
    engineer in their contracts require regular
    reporting
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