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The Atlantic Slave Trade

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The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 20 Section 3 I. Causes of African slavery A. Slavery already existed in Africa different than slavery in Americas 1. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Atlantic Slave Trade


1
The Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Chapter 20 Section 3

2
I. Causes of African slavery
  • A. Slavery already existed in Africa ? different
    than slavery in Americas

1. Slavery similar to serfdom ? slavery ended
after certain of years in servitude
2. Slaves could marry, own property, and even own
slaves
3. Slavery not hereditary
4. Slavery lacked racism
3
B. Spread of Islam in 7th c. ? led to increase in
slavery slave trade
  • 1. Justified by belief that a non-Muslim could be
    bought sold as slaves
  • 2. Slaves had some legal rights opportunity for
    social mobility
  • 3. Slaves could escape bondage ? i.e. by marrying
    into family they served

4
C. Demand for Africans ? increased with the
colonization of the Americas
  • 1. Europeans saw advantages of using Africans in
    the Americas
  • a. Exposure immunity to European diseases
  • b. Experience in farming
  • c. Less likely to escape ? did not know new land
  • d. Skin color made easier to identify catch
    escapees

5
II. Atlantic slave trade became massive enterprise
  • A. By the time it ended in 1870, nearly 10-12
    million Africans were enslaved
  • B. Spain took the lead in importing Africans
  • 1. Slaves worked on plantations, gold silver
    mines

6
  • C. Portuguese surpassed Spanish in slave trade
  • 1. Brazil dominated sugar market ? increased
    demand for cheap labor
  • 2. More than 40 of Africans in slave trade went
    to Brazil in 17th c.

7
D. England became leading carrier of enslaved
Africans
  • 1. Transported nearly 1.7 million Africans to
    their colonies in West Indies
  • 2. 1672 King of England chartered the Royal
    African Company
  • 3. 1698 English Parliament ruled that any
    British subject could own slaves

8
III. African cooperation resistance
  • A. African rulers merchants played willing role
    in African slave trade ? captured Africans to be
    enslaved
  • 1. European traders waited in ports on coast of
    Africa
  • 2. African slaves were traded with Europeans in
    exchange for gold, guns, etc.

9
B. Some African rulers voiced their opposition
  • 1. Lured by profits, rulers continued to
    participate
  • 2. Merchants found new trade routes to avoid
    oppositional rulers

10
IV. The Journey
  • A. The Triangular Trade transatlantic trading
    network

11
  • 1. Europeans transported manufactured goods to
    the west coast of Africa
  • 2. Goods exchanged for captured Africans
  • 3. Africans brought across Atlantic sold in
    West Indies
  • 4. Merchants brought sugar, coffee, tobacco
    from West Indies back to Europe

4
1
3
2
12
B. The Middle Passage ? the voyage that brought
captured Africans to New World
  • 1. Africans packed into dark holds of large ships
  • 2. Africans endured whippings beatings from
    merchants
  • 3. Diseases swept through vessel ? millions died

13
  • 4. Many Africans committed suicide by drowning
  • 5. Nearly 20 of Africans aboard each ship
    perished during trip

14
Plan of a Slave Ship
15
V. Slavery in the Americas
  • A. Harsh life upon arrival in Americas
  • 1. Sold to highest bidder ? worked in mines,
    fields, or as domestic servants
  • 2. Little food, lived in small huts
  • 3. Worked long days suffered beatings
  • 4. Lifelong hereditary condition

16
B. Resistance rebellion
  • 1. Africans developed way of life based on their
    cultural heritage
  • a. Musical traditions stories of ancestors

17
  • 2. Resisted by making themselves less productive
    ? broke tools, moved slowly
  • 3. Thousands ran away
  • 4. Open revolts ? numerous uprisings

18
VI. Results of slave trade
  • A. Effects in Africa
  • 1. Numerous cultures lost generations of their
    fittest members
  • 2. Families torn apart never reunited
  • 3. Introduced guns to the continent of Africa

19
B. Effects in the Americas
  • 1. Slaves contributed greatly to economic
    cultural development of Americas
  • a. Survival of colonies depended on their labor
  • b. Africans brought their expertise in
    agriculture

20
  • c. Brought their art, music, religion, food to
    influence American societies

21
Olaudah Equiano
  • - Kidnapped sold into slavery as a child
  • - Eventually earned price of his freedom by
    careful trading saving
  • - Later became involved in movement to abolish
    the slave trade
  • - His narrative describes the horrific Middle
    Passage experiences of slaves

Published The Interesting Narrative on the Life
of Olaudah Equiano in 1789
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