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QUESTIONS

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Title: QUESTIONS


1
QUESTIONS  ANSWERSon ISLAM
2
Why This Presentation?
  1. Islam, probably the most misunderstood religion
    in the world, is among the hot reading topics for
    people all over the world.
  2. Misjudgments because of not enough or wrong
    information.
  3. Confusion about Muslim and Islam.
  4. Confusion about Tradition and Islam.

3
Why This Presentation?
Questions and Answers about Islam Vol. 1 and 2
have been prepared to provide first-hand
information from one of the most leading Islamic
scholars of our time. We should learn for our
needs and answer properly if needed. Suggested
reading
4
Muslim Defined
  • One who submits ones will to its divine law

Plants
Celestial Bodies
Angels
? People
Animals
5
Why did God Create the Universe?It was not asked
me to come to life.
?
6
Answer
  •  While we perceive things from a human
    perspective, God does not. While we act out of
    necessity or desire, God does not. In other
    words, we cannot ascribe human attributes and
    motivations to God.

7
Answer
  •  Who is distressed by the universe's creation?
    Who does not desire to enjoy its benefits or seek
    happiness? Very very few people. 
  • Every potentiality wishes to reveal the reality
    hidden within itself, to demonstrate what it
    knows by assuming an outward form.
  • All artistry in the universe informs us of God's
    Names. Each Name, displayed by what has been
    created, illuminates our way and guides us to
    knowledge of the Creator's Attributes.  

8
  • Great artists manifest their talents through
    works of art
  • the Owner of the universe created it simply to
    manifest the Might and Omnipotence of His
    Creativity.

9
I was a hidden treasure and I liked to be known.
So I created the Creation so that I may be known.

Allah (cc) do not do things from necessity But
He prefers to create with wisdom.
(Acluni, II, 132)
10
Who created God?
  •  The Prophet pbuh said that some people would
    ask this very question "A day will certainly
    come when some people will sit with their legs
    crossed and ask 'If God created everything, who
    created God?'"

Hadith, Bukhari, I'tisam, 3.
11
  1. Say He, God, the unique one of Absolute unity.
  2. God, the eternally-Besought-of-All (Himself in no
    need of anything).
  3. He begets not, nor is He begotten.
  4. And comparable to Him there is none.

12
Allah is the Creator of the All Causes.
  • We cannot find a creator of the first cause,
    because each creator must have had a prior
    creator. The end result is a never-ending chain
    of creators. This chain must not go forever.
  • The Creator must be Self-Subsistent and One,
    without like or equal.
  • God does not need causes and effects to create
    rather, we need them to understand what He has
    created.
  • If something has an END, it has have a BEGINING.

13
Endless Chain, Does not make sense
It must stop somewhere !
14
Does Islam degrade women? Women's Rights?
 In one sense we don't separate men and women. In
another sense there are physical and
psychological differences. Women and men should
be the two sides of truth, like the two faces of
a coin. Man without woman, or woman without
man, cannot exist they were created together.
Adam suffered in Heaven because he had no mate,
and then Heaven became a real Heaven when he
found Eve. Man and woman complement each other.
15
  • God has got ready forgiveness and tremendous
    rewards for the Muslim men and women, the
    believing men and women, the devout men and
    women, the truthful men and women, the
    patiently suffering men and women, the humble men
    and women, the almsgiving men and women, the
    fasting men and women, the men and women who
    guard their chastity, and the men and women who
    are exceedingly mindful of God.
  • Al-Ahzab/3335

16
  • Independent, thus fully responsible
  • Whether male or female, who is a believer and
    perform good deeds, We shall give him a goodly
    life
  • (Al-Nahl 1697)

17
  • Same reward or punishment
  • Whosoever does an evil deed, will not be
    requited except the like thereof and whosoever
    does a righteous deed, whether male or female
    and is a true believer (in the Oneness of God),
    such will enter Paradise where they will be
    provided therein without limit.
  • (Ghafir 4040)

18
  • Her status changed drastically after Islam
  • Right to own and dispose property
  • Right to inheritance
  • Right to choose husband
  • Right to acquire education and work
  • Full freedom of expression of views

19
  • Her status changed drastically
  • right to keep all her own money
  • may refuse any marriage proposal that is not
    pleasing
  • right to negotiate marriage terms of her choice
  • right to provisions from the husband for all her
    needs

20
Women in Other Cultures
  • In ancient Rome, women as slaves
  • In ancient Greece, as a commodity
  • In Europe discussed Do they possess souls?
  • In India, burning the widows
  • 587 C.E. Are they human beings?
  • No right of citizenship until 1850Note The
    Western civilization has flourished through the
    viewpoints of Ancient Greece. The Ancient Greek
    thought sets a model for the European nations.

21
Marriage in Islam
  • Men and women are created for each other
  • They are a garment for you, and you are a
    garment for them. (Al-Baqara 2187)
  • Love, mercy and tranquility in marriage
  • And among His signs is this, that He created
    for you mates among yourselves, that you may
    dwell in tranquility with them and he has put
    love and mercy between you. (Ar-Rum 3021)

22
Role of Husband and Wife
  • Different but complementary natures
  • Husband is financially responsible
  • Different Duty, not superiority
  • We have created you from a male and a female,
    and made you into nations and tribes, that you
    might get to know one another. The noblest of you
    in Gods sight is who is most righteous
    (Al-Hujurat 4913)

23
Role of Wife
  • Wife does not have to spend for expenses
  • Not obligated to do housework
  • Keeps her basic rights after marriage
  • Responsible for
  • Safeguarding her own and husbands chastity, as
    well as his property
  • Raising the children

24
  • Our Prophet (pbuh) said to Fatima, his daughter,
    "You should do the housework and Ali should do
    the tasks outside the house.
  • Our Prophet is the best model and example for us
    in everything, including the family life. The
    most important reason of the problems we have
    today is the fact that we have moved away from
    the Quran and the Sunnah.

25
Why Hijab ordered?
  • Modesty advised to both men and women
  • Say to the believing men that they should
    lower their gaze and guard their modesty that
    will make for greater purity for them
  • And say to the believing women that they should
    lower their gaze and guard their modesty and
    that they should not display their beauty and
    ornaments except what must ordinarily appear
    thereof
  • (Al-Nur 2430-31)

26
The Hijab
  • That is better in order that they may be known
    (to be Muslims) and not annoyed. (Ahzab 3359)
  • Statement of her identity
  • Concealing her sexuality
  • Revealing her individuality

27
Hijab Ordered in Christianity
28
Hijab Ordered in Judaism
29
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30
Ordered in Islam too.
31
  • O Asmaa! When a girl reaches puberty, it is not
    proper that anything should remain exposed except
    this and this. He pointed to the face and hands.
  • (Abu Dawood)

32
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33
Women Within IslamHijab -The Cover
  • "O Prophet, tell your wives and daughters and the
    believing women to draw their outer garments
    around them (when they go out or are among men).
    Qur'an- 3359

34
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35
CAUTION! Islamophia passing.
36
Conclusion
  • Islam is in line with human nature
  • Men and women complete each other
  • The believing men and believing women are
    associates and helpers of each other. They
    collaborate to promote all that is beneficial and
    discourage all that is evil.

37
  • General Dress codes
  • Should cover the complete body except the face
    and the hands up to the wrist.
  • Should be loose and should not reveal the figure.
  • Should not be transparent such that one can see
    through them.
  • Should not be so glamorous as to attract the
    opposite sex.
  • Should not resemble that of the opposite sex.
  • Should not resemble that of the unbelievers

Complete hijaab, besides the six criteria of
clothing, also includes the moral conduct,
behavior, attitude and intention of the
individual. A person only fulfilling the criteria
of hijaab of the clothes is observing hijaab
in a limited sense. Hijaabof the clothes should
be accompanied by hijaabof the eyes, hijaab
of the heart, hijaab of thought and hijaabof
intention. It also includes the way a person
walks, the way a person talks, the way he
behaves, etc.
38
Examples of Piety From Among Muslim Women
Eve
Asiya
Mary
Khadija
Aisha
Fatima
39
Polygamy ?
  • Islam did not invent polygamy
  • It restricted the number
  • Ordered to be just for all of them
  • Religion covers for different people, different
    societies, different races, geographies etc.
  • Ideal is to marry with one wife

40
The reasons why Islam permits polygamy
  • In Islam monogamy is essential and polygamy is
    exceptional.
  • It can be used only when it is necessary or
    compulsory.
  • Islam did not make polygamy obligatory for
    anybody, nor did it encourage polygamy.
  • However, it is regarded permissible when there
    are some general or special reasons.

41
The reasons why Islam permits polygamy
  • In some regions the male population decreases and
    female population may increase above normal.
    During the time of wars it is more frequent.
    After the World War I in Germany, there were
    four or six women for one man. Then German women
    advocated that men should marry more than one
    woman. In such a situation polygamy serves to
    protect women from prostitution, to provide them
    with a warm home and to guard fatherless
    children.
  • Sometimes it may be necessary to marry more than
    one woman to increase the population in some
    regions for instance, the death of most of the
    population in war.
  • The woman may be ill and cannot meet her
    husbands needs.
  • Some men may have fallen in love with another
    woman. The only way to prevent him from adultery
    is the second marriage.

42
  • Why Prophet Muhammed PBUH did marry more than one?

43
Answer
  1. Prophet do not marry because of sexual
    desires.When he was first time married with Hz
    Khadija(ra) he was 25 and Hz Khadija (ra) was 40.
    Hz Khadija(ra) died at 65. They were together for
    25 years.
  2. All his other marriages were after he was 54
    years old. In his last 10 years of his life.

44
Why Prophet Muhammed PBUH did marry more than one?
  • Most if his wifes are old over 50 and widows and
    some of them have kids.

45
Why Prophet Muhammed PBUH did marry more than one?
  • 3. No one in his time blamed His pbuh exceptional
    character for moral issues.He was known as
    El-Emin (The Trustworthy) by his companions and
    by his enemies.He pbuh was respected because of
    his all high character in his time and then.

46
Why Prophet Muhammed PBUH did marry more than one?
  • 4. Half of the rules and details of the religion
    came from His pbuh words, actions through his
    wifes (ra) side. His daily routine at home, his
    parenthood, his private life. This exemplary life
    has to be taught mankind by his inner circle
    students.
  • 5. His message and details of his perfect life
    has to be conveyed to the humanity by also women
    in different natures.

47
Answer continued.
  • 5. Since His pbuh wifes are from in different
    ages and from different tribes, This caused to
    establish foundation of Islamic law and peace
    among the tribes and to ease acceptance of Islam
    by other nations.

48
  • Why Prophet pbuh got married with Aisha (ra) in
    her early ages?

49
Why Prophet pbuh got married with Aisha (ra) in
her early ages?
  1. Hazrat Aisha ra conveyed 2210 hadiths (sayings,
    states, actions of Prophet)almost half of the
    religion.
  2. No other wife could reach level of Hz Aisha in
    knowledge.
  3. There are different source of news about exact
    age of her marriage (9,17 and 18).

50
Why Prophet pbuh got married with Aisha (ra) in
her early ages?
  • 4. She was engaged with Cubeyr before her
    engagement (marriage contract) with Prophet pbuh.
    But they broke with Cubeyr because of religious
    reason. This proves Hz. Aisha (ra) mature enough
    to marry and this marriage was normal in the
    society.
  • 6. In hot climate puberty ages are low (9-10)
    comparing the cold regions (16-17).
  • 5. Islamic law requires willful acceptance of the
    sides for marriage both man and woman after
    puberty age.
  • 6. There is no actual marriage before puberty
    ages.

51
Why not women have the right of marring more than
one man?
52
  • Some of religious principles are not bound by
    reason, but dominated by submission, not by
    reason. These are called taabbudi-concerned with
    worship.

53
  • The mother of the child that is born because of
    the intercourse between a woman and a man is
    obvious. However, if its father is not known,
    then generations are mixed up.

54
  • God has given woman the feelings of belonging and
    attachment to someone.
  • To man He has given the feelings of possessing
    and attaching others to himself.
  • For this reason, it is unimaginable for woman to
    behave like man and to marry a couple of men and
    thus to care for them this is against her
    nature. As a requisite of creation, except for a
    small number of primitive tribes, throughout the
    history although men have gone through polygamy,
    women did not marry more than one man. 

55
Does Islam degrade women by ordering to wear
hijaab?
56
Answer
  • NO.
  • All monotheist religions prevents women to be
    degraded and used as objects of lust.
  • Islam uplifted women and gave them equality and
    expects them to maintain their status.
  • Hijaab prevents molestation establishes
    protection.

57
Sexual Assault Statistics in USA
58
Non religious society falsely claims to have
uplifted women.
  • Usually talk of womens liberalization is nothing
    but a disguised form of exploitation of her body,
    degradation of her soul, and deprivation of her
    honor. Non-religious society claims to have
    uplifted women. On the contrary it has actually
    degraded them to the status of concubines,
    mistresses and society butterflies who are mere
    tools in the hands of pleasure seekers and sex
    marketers, hidden behind the colorful screen of
    art and culture.

59
Woman is our or someones mother, sister, wife,
daughter, aunt, cousinNot a lust material for
use or sale.
60
Uplifting or degrading women
How do we want to be communicated and evaluated ?
By our body and flesh ?
By our animalistic features ?
or our personality and character ?
61
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62
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63
Thank you.
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