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Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle

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Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle Answer the following questions What qualities do we want in a leader? What qualities do we not want? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle


1
Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle
2
Answer the following questions
  • What qualities do we want in a leader?
  • What qualities do we not want?
  • Where does a leader get his or her power?

3
Mandate of Heaven
  • The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate
    or divine right to rule
  • Linked Power and Responsibility
  • In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain
    order
  • Rulers need Mandate of Heaven to rule
  • If lost, the people were allowed to rebel.

4
How might you gain the Mandate of Heaven?
How might you lose it?
5
Accomplishments
  • Est. a strong, central government
  • Bring peace and order
  • Give land to peasants
  • Build roads, defensive walls and irrigation
    systems
  • Support education and arts

6
Failures Losing the Mandate
  • Allow Corruption
  • Lose military power
  • Raise taxes
  • Spend on luxuries
  • Fail to reinforce walls, and irrigation
  • Harsh ruler

7
Problems Sign the Mandate is Lost
  • Chaos
  • Floods
  • Invasions
  • Peasant rebellions
  • Poor harvests

8
Dynastic Cycle
  • A strong leader emerges and establishes a new
    dynasty
  • Claims mandate
  • Cycle begins again

9
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10
Guiding Principles
  • What is the best way to ensure order, control
    behavior?

11
During times of Chaos, Chinese philosophers tried
to find ways to guide human behavior and ensure
order in society
  • 3 Philosophies Developed in China
  • Confucianism
  • Daoism (Taoism)
  • Legalism

12
Confucianism
  • Founder Confucius
  • (Master Kong)
  • Dates 551 B.C
  • Writings The Analects
  • Teachings
  • 5 Relationships must govern society

Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but
in getting up every time we do
13
5 Relationships
  • Ruler and Ruled
  • Father and Son
  • Older Brother and Younger Brother
  • Husband and Wife
  • Friend and Friend
  • Superior sets example and cares for inferior
  • Inferior shows respect to superior

14
Confucius
  • Filial piety the duty and respect that children
    owed their parents
  • Education and Morality
  • Society more important than individual

I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do
and I understand.
15
Daoism
  • Founder Lao Zi
  • Dates 551 B.C
  • Writings The Way of Virtue
  • Teachings
  • Stressed the link between Nature and People
  • People should do nothing contrary to nature, live
    according to the Dao the Way

16
Daoism
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vg-zD-RohzNY
17
  • Yin and Yang Forces in Nature are to balance
    each other
  • Yin female, passive, earthy
  • Yang male, active, heavenly

18
Daoism
  • Water as symbol of Tao
  • Govt. should have fewer rules
  • Reveal thyself, embrace original nature, do not
    be selfish, curtail desire

19
By examining the following Chinese paintings,
what can you conclude about Daoist beliefs and
the influence of Daoism in China?
20
Can you find the houses in this picture? What
can you conclude about why they were painted in
this way?
21
How might this painting reflect Taoist influence?
22
Which Daoist values are presented here?
23
  • Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi. Qin dynasty. c. 210
    B.C.
  • Read your assigned section of Ghostly Warriors
  • A Young Warrior King
  • Creating a New Nation
  • Building a Worthy Army
  • A Ghostly Army
  • Share as a group and then
  • Answer the questions.

24
Legalism
  • Founder Han Feizi
  • Writings Han Feizi
  • 300-200 B.C.
  • Teachings
  • People acted out of self interest
  • People only respond to rewards and punishments,
    not good examples

25
Legalism
  • Harsh Laws and Strict Rulers are necessary to get
    things done
  • Laws more important than rulers
  • Example Shi Huangdi used Legalism to unite China
    and create the Great Wall

26
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27
Legalist Rules
  • In your group devise some Legalist Punishments
    and Rewards for the following issues Choose 1
  • Shoplifting from the Cafeteria
  • Tardiness (Lateness) to school
  • Cheating on a Test
  • Dress Code infractions
  • Cell Phones when driving.

28
Reflection
  • What are some similarities and between the 3
    philosophies of China?
  • What is unique or distinct about each one?
  • Which of the philosophies (Confucianism, Daoism,
    Legalism) do you most agree with? Least agree
    with? Explain.

29
  • Principle is a standard of moral decision making
  • What principles do you live by? List (5)
  • Rank your principles 1-5
  • (1 being the most important)
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