SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 68431a-YTI5Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION

Description:

SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION Governance and Finance EAF 228 Dr. Mohamed – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:23
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: Jay
Learn more at: http://my.ilstu.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION


1
SOCIAL THE FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION
  • Governance and Finance

EAF 228 Dr. Mohamed
2
Hierarchy of Educational Control
3
Typical State and Local Educational Governance
Structures
Citizens
Governor
State Courts
State Legislature
State Department of Education
State Board of Education
Commissioner of Education
Local Board of Education
Citizens
Superintendent
4
Typical State and Local Educational Governance
Structures (continued)
5
Who Controls What? Levels of Educational Power
STATE GOVERNMENTS
Levy taxes License teachers and other educators Set standards for school attendance, safety, etc. Outline minimum curricular and graduation standards (sometimes including specific textbooks to be used and competency tests for student graduation and teacher certification) Regulate the nature and size of local school districts
6
Who Controls What? Levels of Educational Power
(continued)
LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS
Implement state regulations and policies Create and implement local policies and practices for effective school administration Hire school personnel Provide needed funds and build appropriate facilities Fix salaries and working conditions Translate community needs into educational practice Initiate additional curriculum, licensing, or other requirements beyond state requirements Create current and long-range plans for the school district
7
Federal Budget
Source NEA, based on the 1998 budget.
8
Public Opinion of Federal Educational Spending
Source Greenberg-Quinlan Research, Inc./The
Tarrance Group, January 1998.
9
Number of School Districts by State, School Year
1997-1998
50 states and DC 14,427 Alabama 127 Alaska 53 Arizona 307 Arkansas 311 California 994 Colorado 176 Connecticut 166 Delaware 19 District of Columbia 1 Florida 67 Georgia 180 Hawaii 1 Idaho 112 Illinois 927 Indiana 292 Iowa 377 Kansas 304 Kentucky 176 Louisiana 66 Maine 227 Maryland 24 Massachusetts 245 Michigan 659 Minnesota 373 Mississippi 152
Source U.S. Department of Education, May 1999,
p. 10.
10
Number of School Districts by State, School Year
1997-1998 (continued)
Missouri 524 Montana 457 Nebraska 624 Nevada 17 New Hampshire 165 New Jersey 581 New Mexico 89 New York 705 North Carolina 117 North Dakota 231 Ohio 611 Oklahoma 549 Oregon 198 Pennsylvania 500 Rhode Island 36 South Carolina 90 South Dakota 173 Tennessee 137 Texas 1042 Utah 40 Vermont 250 Virginia 132 Washington 296 West Virginia 55 Wisconsin 426 Wyoming 48
Source U.S. Department of Education, May 1999,
p. 10.
11
Community Power Structures, School Boards, and
Superintendents
Power Structures Types of School Boards Superintendent Styles
1. Dominated 2. Factional 3. Pluralistic 4. Inert 1. Dominated 2. Factional 3. Pluralistic 4. Sanctioning 1. Functionary 2. Political 3. Adviser 4. Decision making
12
Everything You Always Wanted To Know about School
Boards but Never Thought to Ask
The first school board was established in 1721
in Boston. In the United States, there are
almost 15,000 school boards in charge of 52
million students in 87,000 schools. Three-quarte
rs of the school districts are small, with fewer
than 2,500 students in each. Just 1 percent
of the school districts in urban areas enroll
23 percent of all students in the United
States. Eighty-five percent of local school
boards are elected. School board members are
typically white (86.9 percent), male (55.3
percent), financially secure (more than half
earning above 50,000 and more than a third
earning over 80,000), and middle-aged (85
percent being above 41 years of age). School
boards hire superintendents who look much like
themselves (96 percent of the superintendents
are white, 89 percent are male, 95 percent are
married).
13
Percentage of Revenues for Elementary and
Secondary Schools from Local, State, and Federal
Sources for Selected Years, 1919-1920 to
1996-1997
School Year Federal State Local
19191920 19591960 19701971 19801981 19841985 19911992 19921993 19961997 0.3 16.5 83.2 4.4 39.1 56.5 8.4 39.1 52.5 9.2 47.4 43.4 6.6 48.9 44.4 6.6 46.4 47.0 6.9 45.6 47.4 6.6 48.0 45.4
Source U. S. Department of Education, 1995, 1999.
14
The Public Education Dollar Expenditures by
Function, School Year 1996-1997
Source U. S. Department of Education. June,
1999, p. 5.
15
Source of Revenue per Student and School
District Wealth
Source Condition of Education, 1998.
16
Sources of Revenue for Public Elementary and
Secondary Schools 1970-71 to 1994-95
Source U. S. Department of Education, National
Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of
State School Systems Revenues and Expenditures
for Public Elementary and Secondary Education
and Common Core of Data surveys.
17
Current Expenditure per Pupil in Public
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1970-71 to
1996-97
Source U. S. Department of Education, National
Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of
State School Systems Revenues and Expenditures
for Public Elementary and Secondary Education
and Common Core of Data surveys.
18
School Resources and Student Achievement
Source Linda Darling-Hammond, Teachers and
Teaching Testing Policy Hypothesis From a
National Commission Report, Educational
Researcher, 27, No 1, Jan-Feb 1998.
19
Legal Landmarks in Educational Finance
Serrano v. Priest (California, 1971) San
Antonio v. Rodriguez (U.S. Supreme Court,
1973) Serrano II (California, 1976) Levittown
v. Nyquist (New York, 1982) Rose and Blandford
v. Council for Better Education et al. (Kentucky,
1989) Edgewood v. Kirby (Texas, 1989) Abbott
v. Burke (New Jersey, 1990)
Source Adapted from Thomas Toch, Separate but
Not Equal, Agenda 1 (Spring 1991) pp. 15-17.
About PowerShow.com