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What is culture?

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What is culture? On the top of your page, write down what you think culture is? (Think about what makes up our culture.) Don t use your book or your neighbor, there ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is culture?


1
What is culture?
  • On the top of your page, write down what you
    think culture is? (Think about what makes up our
    culture.)
  • Dont use your book or your neighbor, there is
    no wrong answer.

2
Culture
  • Culture is the total knowledge, attitudes, and
    behaviors shared by and passed on by the members
    of a specific group.
  • Includes all products of human work and thought
  • How we should behave to fit in together
  • Ties us to one group and separates us from
    another.
  • Society is a group that shares a geographic
    region, a sense of identity, and a culture.
  • Ethnic Group- is a group that shares language,
    customs and a common heritage.

3
ABC'S OF CULTURE
4
Appearance
  • How a culture looks.
  • Clothing
  • How it is worn.
  • What is worn
  • Jewelry- meaning found in the jewelry
  • Type of material used
  • Physical features
  • Hair Style
  • Females in Peru two pigtailsmarried
  • many pigtailssingle
  • What examples of appearance with culture can you
    think of ?

5
Appearance
  • Traditional Indonesian Garments
  • These Dayak elders in Indonesia wear patterned
    sarongs and kebaya, traditional Southeast Asian
    garments. The sarong, which consists of a
    brightly colored piece of cloth, is tucked in at
    the waist and draped as a dress or skirt. The
    kebaya, a long-sleeved jacket, covers the womens
    upper bodies. Although their clothing varies in
    color and design, Indonesians usually use fabric
    woven from cotton that they grow on the islands.

6
Appearance
  • Metawai Tribe (found on an island off of
    Indonesia)
  • Sharpened teeth (pasi piat sot) are one of the
    hallmarks of Mentawai beauty. One woman said,
    Our traditional practices are our strength. And
    they are pleasing to the spirits of our ancestors
    who invented them.

7
Appearance
  • Japanese Kimonos
  • The kimono, a robelike dress, is the traditional
    garment of Japan. Although most Japanese people
    now wear Western-style clothing, they wear
    kimonos on holidays and other special occasions.
    These women have wrapped their kimonos with a
    sash called an obi.

8
Appearance
  • Native American Beaded Necklace
  • This intricately beaded necklace was created by
    the Fox people, who lived in what is now Michigan
    and Wisconsin. Along with multicolored beads, the
    necklace features a row of grizzly bear claws. It
    is in the collection of the Buffalo Bill
    Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming.

9
Belief Systems
  • What the group believes in.
  • Religion
  • Superstitions
  • 13 is an unlucky number
  • Last Supper
  • Black Cat

10
BELIEF SYSTEM
Last Day of Ramadan Muslims pray in the upper
gallery of a main mosque in the old walled city
of Delhi, India. They are celebrating the end of
Ramadan, the holy month of fasting as ordained by
the Quran, the sacred scriptures of Islam.
11
BELIEF SYSTEM
Halloween The word itself, "Halloween," actually
has its origins in the Catholic Church. It comes
from a contracted corruption of All Hallows Eve.
November 1, "All Hollows Day" (or "All Saints
Day"), is a Catholic day of observance in honor
of saints. But, in the 5th century BC, in Celtic
Ireland, summer officially ended on October 31.
The holiday was called Samhain (sow-en), the
Celtic New year.
12
Communication
  • How information with others is shared with others
  • Language
  • Body Language
  • 82 of teacher messages are non-verbal
  • Titles
  • Greetings

13
COMMUNICATION
  • Chinese Newspapers
  • In the Chinese language, each character
    represents a word, and characters can also be
    combined to create other words. In the top center
    newspaper in this photo, the first two characters
    in the right-hand column mean gold and mountain.
    Together, they mean San Francisco.

14
COMMUNICATION
15
Dates
  • Past events that impact society
  • History
  • What dates are important to US culture?
  • Ancestry
  • Holidays
  • What holidays are important to your culture

16
DATES
Washington Crossing the Delaware On December 25,
1776, General George Washington led his troops in
a surprise attack against the British, who had
settled into winter quarters in New Jersey. The
victories, although minor, dramatically improved
the morale of the American forces.
17
Dates
  • What event and date does this picture represent?
  • September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade
    Centers

18
Dates
  • What date or event in American culture do these
    pictures represent?
  • December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl
    Harbor

19
Dates
  • What date in our history does the object in the
    picture or the picture represent?
  • Statue of Liberty
  • The Statue of Liberty, a symbol of freedom for
    many, was one of the first sights to welcome
    immigrants arriving in the United States.. It was
    designed by French sculptor Frédéric-Auguste
    Bartholdi and is a gift from France commemorating
    the first centennial of U.S. independence from
    Britain.

20
DATES
Preparing for Chinese New Year To prepare for New
Year, the entire house should be cleaned before
New Year's Day. On New Year's Eve, all brooms,
brushes, dusters, dust pans and other cleaning
equipment are put away. Sweeping or dusting
should not be done on New Year's Day for fear
that good fortune will be swept away.
21
Entertainment
  • What people do in their spare time.
  • Art
  • Music
  • Crafts
  • Dance
  • Sports
  • Hobbies

22
ENTERTAINMENT
  • Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vincis world-famous
    portrait, was the artists favorite painting in
    fact, it went everywhere with him. Although there
    have been many theories about the origin of the
    inexplicable smile on the womans face, it was
    probably just the result of Leonardos interest
    in natural chiaroscuro (the effect of light and
    shadow on the subject).

23
ENTERTAINMENT
Playing Go Go is a popular Asian game involving
the strategic placement of black and white stones
on the intersections of lines marked on a board.
Its rules are simple, but it is considered one of
the most intellectually rigorous of games, with
billions of possible play sequences.
24
ENTERTAINMENT
25
Food
  • What society eats.
  • Types of Food
  • Special Occasions
  • Taboos
  • How people eat
  • In Japan, it is considered rude to stand or walk
    while eating.
  • In Japan, noodles should be slurped and soup
    bowls and plates should be brought up to your
    mouth.
  • Number of meals a day and when

26
FOOD
Pasta Pasta is available in many different
colors, shapes, and flavors. It is usually made
from a part of wheat called semolina. Most
commonly associated with Italian cookery, pasta
is also an important part of the diet in China,
Japan, and other Asian countries.
27
FOOD
28
Government
  • How society is run.
  • Laws
  • Values
  • Titles
  • Social Roles are there jobs just for men? Do
    women stay at home?
  • How people act towards each other?

29
Make up of society
  • Individual One person- As a member of different
    divisions of a society, an individual learns its
    culture
  • Family Made up of individuals share daily
    practices
  • Clan is made up of families share language
    and religion
  • Tribe- is made up of clans clans share a world
    view.

30
GOVERNMENT
Nuclear Family The nuclear family, two adults and
their offspring, is the basic unit of social
organization. In this photo, a couple and their
young children enjoy time outdoors.
31
GOVERNMENT
Extended Family In some societies, the extended
family is the most common unit of social
organization. This Pakistani family consists of
three generations of relatives who live together.
32
GOVERNMENT
Representative Democracy In representative
democracies, citizens elect people to serve in
legislative and executive positions. In the
United States, citizens elect people to the House
of Representatives and the Senate, which together
comprise the nations bicameral legislature.
33
GOVERNMENT
Untouchables in India The caste system of India
is a rigid hierarchy of social classes that
evolved from Hindu religious law. Untouchables,
people considered to have no caste, often live in
urban slums and have little access to health
care, clean water, and other basic resources.
Although the Indian government has worked to
improve their status, Untouchables continue to
suffer discrimination and exploitation by the
higher castes.
34
Housing
  • Where or how people live.
  • Style
  • Materials
  • Use of rooms
  • Shape
  • Color

35
HOUSING
Taj Mahal, India The Taj Mahal, designed as a
tomb for the wife of a 17th-century Mughal
emperor, was constructed by about 20,000 workers
from 1632 to 1648 in Agra, a city in northern
India. The massive domed structure was
constructed in the Indo-Islamic style, using
white marble and inlaid gems. At each corner is a
minaret (prayer tower), and passages from the
Koran, the Muslim holy book, adorn the outside
walls. The bodies of the emperor and his wife
remain in a vault below the building.
36
HOUSING
37
Housing
Afghanistans Nomad Clans Pashtun, Baluch, and
Kyrgiz clans migrate from winter to summer
pastures and back again, so that food is always
available for their herds. Living in tents and
moving their belongings on the backs of animals,
they travel long distances relaying news,
transporting animals and goods, and trading.
Following ancient migration routes, the clans
ignore international boundaries, but changing
political and economic forces may force them to
settle.
38
Information
  • How the parts of the culture are passed on to new
    generations
  • Informal
  • Education from relatives and peers
  • Formal
  • School and life experience

39
INFORMATION
Girl Scouts Girl Scouts of the United States is
the largest organization for girls in the world.
Girl Scouts aged 5 through 17 participate in a
variety of activities intended to foster social
skills, leadership ability, and self-esteem.
40
INFORMATION
  • One-Room Schoolhouse
  • One-room schoolhouses are usually associated with
    earlier eras in U.S. history. A few, however,
    like the one at Living History Farm in Iowa, are
    still in use.

41
Jobs
  • How people support themselves
  • Technology scientific knowledge and tools
  • Economy
  • Style and type of currency
  • Transportation

42
JOBS
Job Sectors A labor market is made up of job
sectors, groups of jobs related by level and type
of skills used, education or training needed, and
pay. This group of photographs depicts people
working in six different job sectors clockwise
from top left, a medical professional, a
construction worker, an executive, a salesperson,
a laborer, and a farmer.
43
JOBS
Milking Chores on a Latvian Farm Latvians have
been farming the fertile land of the Baltic
region for more than 3,000 years. Today the
Latvian agricultural sector produces beef,
grains, peas, potatoes, sugar beets, and milk and
eggs.
44
JOBS
Early Forms of Money Before paper and coins were
introduced as permanent forms of money, people
used a variety of other objects to serve as money
for trading goods. Examples of early forms of
money, as shown here, include rice (China), dogs
teeth (Papua New Guinea), small tools (China),
quartz pebbles (Ghana), gambling counters (Hong
Kong), cowrie shells (India), metal disks
(Tibet), and limestone disks (Yap Island).
45
JOBS
Money of the World Most nations have their own
system of money and print their own currency.
Made of paper, these pieces of currency have very
little intrinsic value. As fiat money, however,
the paper bills represent a specific monetary
value decreed by the government and accepted by
the people. The bills pictured here are examples
of fiat money from all over the world.
46
JOBS
Telegraph In 1837 the first electrical telegraph
instruments were invented by Samuel Morse in the
United States and by Sir Charles Wheatstone and
Sir William F. Cooke in Britain. Morse sent the
first public telegraph message in 1844. Pictured
here is the original Morse receiving device.
47
JOBS
48
Kind of Environment
  • What it is like where the culture lives
  • Location
  • Climate
  • Physical Features
  • These factors affect other parts of culture such
    as language and food
  • Inuits live in Artic region
  • Eat raw meat and fish
  • Have many words for snow and ice

49
KIND OF ENVIRONMENT
Terraced Farms of the Andes Like a giant
staircase ascending a mountain, terraced fields
rise along the steep slope of a highland valley
in the Andes. For centuries, the indigenous
people of these mountains have used terracing to
maximize land use, discourage water run-off, and
prevent soil erosion.
50
KIND OF ENVIRONMENT
51
Leftovers
  • Leftover information that doesnt fit into
    another category
  • Population
  • Diseases

52
LEFTOVERS
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