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Middle School Helmet Safety Program

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Middle School Helmet Safety Program A program designed to increase the helmet use of middle school aged students developed as a partnership with the FDOT Safety Office – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle School Helmet Safety Program


1
Middle School Helmet Safety Program
  • A program designed to increase the helmet use of
    middle school aged students developed as a
    partnership with the FDOT Safety Office

2
Safety is Important
  • Per capita bicycle deaths in Florida are more
    than twice the national average
  • Florida leads the nation in bicycle fatalities
  • Middle School aged students have the highest rate
    of fatality and injury crashes
  • 60 of bicycle related deaths and 2/3 of bicycle
    related hospital admissions are due to head
    injuries

3
Some Facts
  1. Helmets are 85 effective in preventing head
    injuries
  2. At some Florida middle schools we have found that
    as few as 3 of the students riding to school
    wear a helmet
  3. We have often seen students riding bikes with the
    helmet hanging on the handle bars
  4. When helmets are worn, they are frequently
    unbuckled or the straps are very loose

4
The School Bicycle Safety Program
  • Students selected to participate as a school
    Bicycle Safety Patrol are trained by the School
    Resource Officer (SRO) on how to observe and
    identify key safety behaviors of student
    bicyclists as they travel to and from school
  • Because this component involves collecting and
    graphing data, the SRO may choose to have a math
    or science teacher supervise these activities

5
THE PROGRAMStep 1 Measure Helmet Use
  • Grade 8 students are enlisted to make up the
    school bicycle helmet safety patrol
  • Students are taught to score helmet usage and
    whether the helmets are worn correctly
  • Students score behaviors at the end of the school
    day
  • The SRO assigns students certain days to score
    usage and meets with them periodically to keep
    them motivated

6
Students Can Possibly be Provided Special Shirts
by Local Sponsors
7
Students are Given Easy to Use Scoring Sheets
8
(No Transcript)
9
The SRO Meets Frequently with the Student Patrol
Members
10
Students who record data are given a certificate
for Community Service hours at the end of the
school year
11
How Well Do Students Measure Behavior?
  • At the pilot schools, they were highly accurate
    in measuring helmet use and whether the helmet
    was correctly worn
  • Accuracy was determined by having two youths
    measure the behavior together and calculating the
    percentage of agreement between the two
  • Reliability was also computed between the
    students and research assistants

12
THE PROGRAMStep 2 Kick Off Presentation on
Bicycle Safety by the SRO who
  • Initiates the program at an assembly by making a
    presentation on bicycle safety
  • Shows a short movie on how to fit a bicycle
    helmet
  • Moderates a discussion on bicycle safety, which
    includes setting target goals
  • Identifies students without helmets, provides
    helmets (when available) and helps fit helmets
  • Oversees the program

13
Making the Presentation
14
Explaining Feedback Posters
15
Teaching a patrol member how to fit a helmet
16
Bicycle Safety Patrol Helps Also
17
Step 3 Feedback on Progress
  • Following the presentation by the SRO the school
    bicycle safety patrol (students that record data)
    post the average daily student performance for
    each target behavior on a large chart inside the
    school entrance
  • A weekly announcement on Monday morning provides
    feedback on the level of behaviors attained the
    previous week, praising improvements, and
    prompting compliance for the current week (SRO or
    students make announcements)

18
Results are Posted in Prominent Campus
Locations Before After
19
Step 4 Rewards
  • Shared rewards for group performance tends to
    facilitate cohesiveness among members of the
    group
  • Rewards will include praise from the staff and
    SRO an ice cream party or a pizza party at the
    end of the project with donated prizes and a
    drawing for a bicycle

20
Celebrating Success
21
We Have A Winner!! (Note he only posed for the
photo but did not ride the bike until he had his
helmet properly secured!)
22
Results
  • The program produced a large increase in helmet
    use and correct helmet use in all three schools
  • The program produced the largest increase in the
    two schools with a history of helmet enforcement
  • Helmet enforcement alone did not get helmet use
    in the target group
  • The program without enforcement (one school) was
    effective but did not get helmet use in the
    target group

23
(No Transcript)
24
Other Positive Results
  • Probe data taken by research assistants showed
    that helmet use also increased in the morning
    even though data was not collected by students in
    the AM
  • Probe data showed that students did not take
    their helmet off a quarter mile to a half mile
    from the school
  • The results persisted after the party was over
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