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Review Topics: Laboratory Safety and HIPAA

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Review Topics: Laboratory Safety and HIPAA Question: safety 1. Define the term blood borne pathogen 2. Provide an example of a blood borne pathogen Answer 1. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Review Topics: Laboratory Safety and HIPAA


1
Review Topics Laboratory Safety and HIPAA
2
Question safety
  • 1. Define the term blood borne pathogen
  • 2. Provide an example of a blood borne
  • pathogen

3
Answer
  • 1. A blood borne pathogen is a substance that
    is capable of transmitting disease through the
    blood stream or other body fluid
  • 2. Examples of blood borne pathogens include
    HIV, hepatitis virus

4
Question safety
  • Name a disinfectant often used in the
  • clinical laboratory

5
Answer
  • Disinfectants often used in the
  • clinical laboratory include
  • 10 bleach solution
  • phenolic disinfectant

6
Question safety
  • What laboratory safety policy is in place to
  • prevent the exposure and spread of a
  • potentially infectious agent to personnel?

7
Answer
  • What laboratory safety policy is in place to
  • prevent the exposure and spread of a
  • potentially infectious agent to personnel?
  • Standard precautions

8
Question safety
  • What does the acronym RACE stand
  • for?
  • 2. When is this acronym used?

9
Answer
  • R rescue anyone in danger
  • A activate the alarm, alert people of danger
  • C confine the fire by closing doors and
    windows
  • E extinguish the fire or exit to safety
  • 2. Used as an aid for remembering the proper
    procedure to follow when responding to a fire

10
Question safety
  • True or False
  • Proper hand-washing requires the use of
  • soap and water with friction for 15 minutes

11
Answer
  • False
  • Proper hand-washing requires the use of
  • soap and water with friction for 15 seconds

12
Question safety
  • Name three items that are considered to be PPE

13
Answer
  • PPE items include
  • lab coat
  • gloves
  • eye goggles
  • face mask or shield
  • close-toed shoes

14
Question safety
  • Your co-worker just splashed reagent into their
    eye.
  • How long should the eye be flushed?
  • What should you use to flush the eye?
  • List three things that should be done as follow
    up to this incident

15
Answer
  • Your co-worker just splashed reagent into their
    eye.
  • The eye should be flushed with water for 15
    minutes
  • Flush the eye using the eye wash
  • Notify your supervisor, complete an incident
    report form, seek medical care

16
Question safety
  • Define biological hazard

17
Answer
  • A biological hazard is any material or
  • entity that is contaminated with biological
  • material that is potentially capable of
  • transmitting disease

18
Question safety
  • What does PPE stand for?

19
Answer
  • Personal protective equipment

20
Question safety
  • What is the one thing, (maybe even
  • considered the most important thing),
  • you can do to prevent the spread of
  • disease?

21
Answer
  • What is the one thing, (maybe even
  • considered the most important thing),
  • you can do to prevent the spread of
  • disease?
  • HANDWASHING

22
Question HIPAA
  • True or False
  • It is okay to discuss a patients set of test
  • results and the likely diagnosis in the
  • cafeteria if you DO NOT mention the
  • patients name

23
Answer
  • False
  • It is never appropriate to discuss patient test
  • results in any setting except the immediate
  • work place (lab). In this scenario, a relative
  • or friend of another patient may overhear the
  • conversation and think you are talking about
  • their loved one/friend

24
Question HIPAA
  • Complete the phrase
  • HIPAA is an acronym that stands for
  • Health Information _____ and _____ Act

25
Answer
  • Complete the phrase
  • HIPAA is an acronym that stands for
  • Health Information _____ and _____ Act
  • Portability Accountability

26
Question safety
  • What does the acronym PASS stand
  • for?
  • 2. When is this acronym used?

27
Answer
  • P pull the safety pin
  • A aim the nozzle at the base of the fire
  • S squeeze the handles together
  • S sweep the contents towards and
  • around the base of the fire
  • Used as an aid for remembering how to
  • use a fire extinguisher

28
Question safety
  • Define decontamination

29
Answer
  • Decontamination is a process used to
  • remove a potential biological hazard from an
  • area such as a countertop

30
Question safety
  • I am a division of the US Department of
  • Labor that is responsible for defining
  • potential safety and health hazards in the
  • workplace, establish guidelines to safeguard
  • employees from these hazards and monitor
  • compliance with safety guidelines.
  • Who am I?

31
Answer
  • I am a division of the US Department of
  • Labor that is responsible for defining
  • potential safety and health hazards in the
  • workplace, establish guidelines to safeguard
  • employees from these hazards and monitor
  • compliance with safety guidelines.
  • Who am I? OSHA

32
Question safety
  • What does OSHA stand for?

33
Answer
  • What does OSHA stand for?
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration

34
Question HIPPA
  • Your cousin has been admitted through the
  • ER and you were the technologist who
  • analyzed his blood. Your mother asks you
  • what was wrong with him.
  • If you told her his admitting diagnosis, would
  • this be considered a HIPAA violation?

35
Answer
  • Would this be considered a HIPAA violation?
  • Yes. You cannot disclose any information about
  • any patient at any time to anyone (unless you
  • have been granted this right by the patient
    himself)
  • Remember, in the laboratory we are granted only
  • need to know access to patient health
    information
  • that we may need to complete our analysis of the
  • specimen

36
Question safety
  • Explain what is meant by the term
  • standard precautions

37
Answer
  • Standard precautions means that we
  • handle all body substances as potentially
  • infectious.
  • This means we must follow all safety
  • guidelines and wear appropriate PPE at all
  • times when handling any patient test sample
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