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Aboriginal Spirituality

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Aboriginal Spirituality Danielle Lapointe, Elena Klivanovski, and Kendal Midanik Key Beliefs Have a belief in Animism Polytheistic - one creator - many other ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aboriginal Spirituality


1
Aboriginal Spirituality
  • Danielle Lapointe, Elena Klivanovski, and Kendal
    Midanik

2
Key Beliefs
  • Have a belief in Animism
  • Polytheistic
  • - one creator
  • - many other spirits

3
Creation
  • Most tribes have their own unique creation story
  • Turtle Island
  • Raven and the Clamshell
  • Animals came from humans- strong link
  • Creator controls humans, but not other animals

4
Ceremonies
  • The Potlach Ceremony
  • - Give away things to gain status
  • The Sweat Lodge
  • - like a sauna--gt made of saplings
  • - led by an elder
  • - heals them spiritually and physically
  • The Shaking Tent
  • -used by many tribes
  • -goal is to communicate to spirits

5
Totems
  • Represent their animal/spirit guide
  • For a clan or individual
  • Same totem close relatives
  • Sometimes used to tell stories about supernatural
  • Carved for Potlach Ceremony

6
Rituals
  • The Sun Dance
  • - circle sun--gt centre of life
  • - cottonwood pole is called Tree of the
    Universe
  • - Piercing Dance
  • Morning Dance
  • - dance to give thanks
  • - feast of fish and meat

7
Symbols/ Images
  • Traditional symbols and images are an essential
    part of the Aboriginal culture.
  • Dream Catcher If you hang a dream catcher over
    your bed, your bad dreams will go through the web
    and into the Universe and your good dreams will
    be caught in the web.
  • Eagle Alerts the Aboriginals of what is to come.
  • Fire Symbolizes the heart of The People and is
    used to cleanse the spirit.

8
Symbols/ Images Continued
  • Inuksuk Used for navigation, gives warnings for
    any danger in open water, and it marks sacred
    space.
  • Medicine Shield Made by warriors as a symbol of
    protection and strength when hunting and
    battling.
  • Tree of Peace In some Aboriginal religions, the
    tree is believed to connect Earth to Heaven.

9
Number of Adherents in the World/ Influences in
the 21st Century
  • Just over 1.3 million people reported having at
    least some Aboriginal ancestry in 2001,
    representing 4.4 of the total population in
    Canada.
  • From 1901 to 2001, the Aboriginal ancestry
    population grew tenfold.
  • Between 1951 and 2001, the Aboriginal ancestry
    population grew sevenfold.
  • Between 1996 and 2006, the Aboriginal population
    grew by 45.

10
Religious Significance
  • Aboriginal spirituality is most common in Asia.
    The lowest population of aboriginal people is in
    Europe.
  • There are many different groups within the
    aboriginal culture, some are extinct such as
    groups from the Caribbean Islands.
  • The group of aboriginals, the Inuit located in
    Nunavut share their culture and traditions with
    Alaska and Greenland. -
  • There are 100 000 Inuit, but a lot of that
    population practices Christianity.
  • The Aboriginal culture is becoming more popular
    throughout the world.

11
  • The Aboriginal people have many religious prayers
    and rituals which contribute to their beliefs.
    These prayers consist of drumming, chanting, and
    dancing.
  • Within Nunavut, these prayers are becoming more
    popular and prevalent within their culture. Some
    of the aboriginal groups within --Nunavut protect
    their religion and values from self-government.
    ---This means they control their own land, and
    laws. This helps preserve their culture and
    beliefs.
  • Aboriginal Spirituality has no founder, or
    creator of the religion. During a crisis, an
    elder or significant person will rise and renew
    the faith.
  • Recently, in 1996, Canada declared June 21st to
    be National Aboriginal Day.

12
Other Interesting Facts
  • Aboriginal spirituality is also used as
    therapy.The Iroquois, located in the Northeast
    Woodlands, tell a story of The Peacemaker. The
    Peacemaker is a central figure to their culture.
    A person should never say the Peacemakers name,
    until the end of the world when his name will be
    called. Aboriginal cultures also communicate
    through dance. These dances tell stories, or
    interpret events from the past.

13
Just when you thought BINGO was as good as it
gets-
We Bring you The New and Exciting game
PEACE
14
  1. What does the medicine shield symbolize?

3. Between 1996-2001, what was the
percentage of population growth?
6. What year did Canada declare National
Aboriginal Day?
7. People from the same Totem Group
8. Dancers at the Sun Dance self-inflict pain on
themselves because
4. Where is Aboriginal Spirituality mainly
located?
9. Turtle Island is current day
5. Most Inuit also practice this religion
2. What does the Eagle do?
  • Are encouraged to marry each other
  • Share the same physical characteristics
  • Hunt for the same kind of animal
  • Are related and therefore can not marry

2 16 20 4
a) Hunting and Battling b) Protection and
Strength c) Warriors d) Medicine
19 8 22 15
a) Alerts the Aboriginals of the past b) Protects
the Aboriginals c) Alerts the Aboriginals of what
is to come d) Annoys the Aboriginals
5 20 3 11
  • Europe
  • Asia
  • America
  • Canada
  1. They are sacrificing their body to the Creator
  2. It connects them to their spirit guides
  3. They are giving thanks to the spirits that
    control the land
  4. They believe blood connects them to the spirit
    word

23 22 13 15
7 1 18 10
  • Judaism
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Hinduism

9 13 25 6
  • 1996
  • 1987
  • 1880
  • 2000

14 13 6 21
  • 20
  • 45
  • 62
  • 50

24 17 2 16
  • Africa
  • North Asia
  • North America
  • d) Land (all over the world)

15 12 24 9
15
The Answers
  • What does the medicine shield symbolize?
    B) Protection and Strength
  • What does the eagle do?
    C) Alerts the Aboriginals of what is
    to come
  • Between 1996- 2001, what was the percentage of
    population growth? B) 45
  • Where is Aboriginal Spirituality mainly located?

    B) Asia
  • Most Inuit also practice this religion
    C) Christianity
  • What year did Canada declare National Aboriginal
    Day? A) 1996
  • People from the same Totem group
    D) Are related and therefore can not marry
  • Dancers at the Sun Dance self-inflict pain on
    themselves because
    A) They are sacrificing their body to
    the creator
  • Turtle Island is current day C) North America
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