Ancient Greek Drama - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Ancient Greek Drama


1
Ancient Greek Drama
  • Background Information

2
Athens
  • In 500 BC, Athens was the center of Drama
  • Drama was a ritual that honored Dionysus, the god
    of grapevines and wine

3
Birth of Drama
  • Began over 2000 years ago
  • Drama was a ritual that honored Dionysus, the god
    of grapevines and wine.

4
3 Main Components of Early Greek Theatre
  • Orchestra- where the chorus of 12-15 sang and
    danced
  • Theatron- semi-circular seating area
  • Skene- structure representing the palace

5
(No Transcript)
6
Performers
  • All performers wore masks

7
Types of Drama
  • Theatres were places of competition between
    playwrights.
  • Dithyramb
  • Tragedy
  • Comedy

8
Satyrs
  • Satyr plays were farcical and sometimes grotesque

9
Greek Chorus
  • Serves narrative purpose (exposition)
  • Serves interpretive purpose (explains recent
    action)
  • Serves dramatic purpose (they are the audience on
    the stage reacting to the drama)
  • Once the theatre became professional, the chorus
    was eliminated.

10
Greek Values
  • Remember, this is before Christianity
  • Know Thyself
  • Destiny determined by Fate
  • Nothing in Excess
  • The unexamined life is not worth living

11
The Olympics
  • Greeks believed in celebrating mind and body to
    the fullest
  • Early sports were running races (the marathon
    commemorates a 26 mile run made by a military
    messenger during battle), wrestling, javelin, and
    discus

12
(No Transcript)
13
Historical Background
  • Ancient Greece is comprised of several
    city-states (Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Sparta,
    Crete)
  • Athens the birthplace of democracy and naval
    power
  • Sparta military dictatorship (provided army in
    wars in Persia)
  • In 404 BCE Spartan troops marched into Athens and
    ripped down city walls and establish military
    rule- the Golden Age was dead
  • Some of the oldest and best known Greek myths are
    centered around the city of Thebes.

14
(No Transcript)
15
(No Transcript)
16
Philosophers
  • Philosophy Love of thought
  • Socrates- Teacher of Plato- never wrote anything
    down. Believed in the search for truth through
    questioning. Thought easy answers were usually
    wrong. Forced to drink Hemlock in 399 BCE for
    corrupting the youth of Athens.

17
Philosophers
  • Plato- Transcribed Socratic dialogues. He was
    the teacher of Aristotle.
  • Aristotle- Wrote Poetics where he defined tragedy
    (using Oedipus). He was the teacher of Alexander
    the Great.

18
Tragedy
  • tragic flaw
  • fate
  • recognition
  • reversal of fortune
  • reversal
  • catharsis

19
Greek Drama
  • 5th Century BCE, Athens is the center of drama,
    philosophy, and education (gymnasium)
  • Rituals and festival to honor Dionysus (the god
    of wine)

20
The decline of Greek myth and the loss of Greek
freedom set the stage for rise of comedy which
dominated the following era.
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Ancient Greek Drama

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Title: Ancient Greek Drama Author: Snee Last modified by: Mentor Public Schools Created Date: 9/24/2009 5:59:23 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient Greek Drama


1
Ancient Greek Drama
  • Background Information

2
Athens
  • In 500 BC, Athens was the center of Drama
  • Drama was a ritual that honored Dionysus, the god
    of grapevines and wine

3
Birth of Drama
  • Began over 2000 years ago
  • Drama was a ritual that honored Dionysus, the god
    of grapevines and wine.

4
3 Main Components of Early Greek Theatre
  • Orchestra- where the chorus of 12-15 sang and
    danced
  • Theatron- semi-circular seating area
  • Skene- structure representing the palace

5
(No Transcript)
6
Performers
  • All performers wore masks

7
Types of Drama
  • Theatres were places of competition between
    playwrights.
  • Dithyramb
  • Tragedy
  • Comedy

8
Satyrs
  • Satyr plays were farcical and sometimes grotesque

9
Greek Chorus
  • Serves narrative purpose (exposition)
  • Serves interpretive purpose (explains recent
    action)
  • Serves dramatic purpose (they are the audience on
    the stage reacting to the drama)
  • Once the theatre became professional, the chorus
    was eliminated.

10
Greek Values
  • Remember, this is before Christianity
  • Know Thyself
  • Destiny determined by Fate
  • Nothing in Excess
  • The unexamined life is not worth living

11
The Olympics
  • Greeks believed in celebrating mind and body to
    the fullest
  • Early sports were running races (the marathon
    commemorates a 26 mile run made by a military
    messenger during battle), wrestling, javelin, and
    discus

12
(No Transcript)
13
Historical Background
  • Ancient Greece is comprised of several
    city-states (Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Sparta,
    Crete)
  • Athens the birthplace of democracy and naval
    power
  • Sparta military dictatorship (provided army in
    wars in Persia)
  • In 404 BCE Spartan troops marched into Athens and
    ripped down city walls and establish military
    rule- the Golden Age was dead
  • Some of the oldest and best known Greek myths are
    centered around the city of Thebes.

14
(No Transcript)
15
(No Transcript)
16
Philosophers
  • Philosophy Love of thought
  • Socrates- Teacher of Plato- never wrote anything
    down. Believed in the search for truth through
    questioning. Thought easy answers were usually
    wrong. Forced to drink Hemlock in 399 BCE for
    corrupting the youth of Athens.

17
Philosophers
  • Plato- Transcribed Socratic dialogues. He was
    the teacher of Aristotle.
  • Aristotle- Wrote Poetics where he defined tragedy
    (using Oedipus). He was the teacher of Alexander
    the Great.

18
Tragedy
  • tragic flaw
  • fate
  • recognition
  • reversal of fortune
  • reversal
  • catharsis

19
Greek Drama
  • 5th Century BCE, Athens is the center of drama,
    philosophy, and education (gymnasium)
  • Rituals and festival to honor Dionysus (the god
    of wine)

20
The decline of Greek myth and the loss of Greek
freedom set the stage for rise of comedy which
dominated the following era.
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