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THIS IS GREAT BRITAIN

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Title: THIS IS GREAT BRITAIN


1
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THE OFFICIAL NAME OF GREAT BRITAIN IS THE
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND
NOTHERN IRELAND (UK). IT CONSISTS OF
ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, WALES, NOTHERN IRELAND.
THE UKS FLAG THE UNION JACK. IT IS RED,
WHITE AND BLUE AND MADE UP OF THREE CROSSES. THE
RED CROSS STANDS FOR ST. GEORGE, THE WHITE CROSS
STANDS FOR ST. PATRIC AND THE BLUE CROSS STANDS
FOR ST.ANDREW, SYMBOLIZING ENGLAND, IRELAND AND
SCOTLAND.
THIS IS GREAT BRITAIN
2
LONDON - THE CAPITAL OF ENGLAND. IT IS SITUATED
ON THE RIVER THAMES. IT WAS FOUNDED BY THE
ROMANS IN 43 A.D. LONDON WAS MADE THE CAPITAL OF
ENGLAND IN THE 11TH CENTURY BY WILLIAM THE
CONQUEROR. MORE THAN 8 MILLION PEOPLE LIVE IN
LONDON NOW. LONDON IS ONE OF THE LARGEST CITIES
IN THE WORLD. TODAY IT IS THE WORLDS MOST
IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE.
3
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN! WE WELCOME YOU TO LONDON
SIGHTSEEING TOUR
4
The Houses of Parliament
London has 4 parts Westminster the City the
East End and the West End
The political centre of London is
Westminster. The palace of Westminster is known
as the Houses of Parliament. The building was
built In 1840 after the fire of 1834. There are
two towers the Victoria tower and the clock
tower.
5
Big Ben
BIG BEN IS THE BELL IN PARLIAMENT TOWER AND NOT
THE CLOCK AS PEOPLE BELIEVE. THE BELL WAS NAMED
AFTER SIR BENJAMIN HALL, COMMISSIONER OF WORKS.
HE WAS A LARGE MAN AND WORKERS CALLED HIM BIG
BEN.
6
Westminster Abbey
Many English kings and queens are buried there.
Westminster Abbey is famous for the Poets Corner
too. This is a church where many English kings
and queens marry.
On the other side of Parliament Square is
Westminster Abbey. It is one of the most famous
and beautiful churches in London. The church is
very old too. It is more than 900 years old.
There are so many monuments and statues there.
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7
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Buckingham palace
BUCKINGHAM PALACE IS IN THE CENTRE OF LONDON.
IT IS THE LONDON HOME OF THE QUEEN. THIS IS LIKE
A SMALL TOWN WITH A POLICE STATION, TWO POST
OFFICES, A HOSPITAL, A BAR, TWO SPORT CLUBS, A
DISCO, A CINEMA AND A SWIMMING POOL. THERE ARE
600 ROOMS THERE. ABOUT 700 PEOPLE WORK IN THE
PALACE.
8
The Queen Victoria Memorial
In front of the Buckingham Palace you can see
the Queen Victoria Memorial.
  • Queen Victoria (1819-1901) the British
    queen from 1837 until her death. She was queen
    for 64 years, longer than other British queens or
    kings.

While she was queen, the UK became one of
the richest and most powerful countries in the
world.
9
It takes people ten or twenty minutes to get from
Buckingham Palace to Trafalgar Square, the centre
of London. Here is a monument to Admiral Nelson
who defeated Napoleons army at the battle of
Trafalgar in 1805 and was killed.
Trafalgar Square
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10
The Thames
London stands on the river Thames. It is not a
long river, which runs into the North sea. The
English people call it THE FATHER OF LONDON.
11
The Tower Bridge
Until 1749 there was only 1 bridge over the
Thames London bridge. Now there are more than
20 bridges over the Thames. It is more than 100
years old. The Tower Bridge was built at the end
of the 19th century to match the medieval style
of the fortress, the Tower of London.
12
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THE TOWER OF LONDON WAS BUILT AT THE END OF
THE 11TH CENTURY AS A FORTRESS. THEN THE KINGS
BEGAN TO USE IT AS A ROYAL PALACE AND LATER A
PRISON FOR GREATEST POLITICAL LEADERS OF THE
COUNTRY. NOW THE TOWER OF LONDON IS A
MUSEUM. THE RAVENS ARE ANOTHER FAMOUS SIGHT. THE
LEGEND SAYS THAT WITHOUT THE RAVENS THE TOWER
WILL FALL.
THE TOWER OF LONDON
13
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St Pauls Cathedral
One of the greatest English churches, St.
Pauls Cathedral is not far from the Tower of
London.
The famous English architect Sir Christopher
Wren built it in the 17th century after the Great
Fire in 1666. It took Sir Christopher Wren 35
years.
The church is a beautiful building with many
columns and towers. In one of its towers there is
one of the largest bells in the world. Sir
Christopher Wren was buried in the Cathedral.
14
Piccadilly circus
THIS IS A FINE PLACE WHICH HAS SEEN MUCH HISTORY
OVER THE CENTURIES. FOR GENERATIONS PICADILLY HAS
BEEN THE HEART OF LONDON. NOWADAYS IT IS SUCH A
FOCAL POINT THAT ON SPECIAL OCCASIONS AS MANY AS
50,000 PEOPLE GATHER THERE.
15
The Globe Theatre
The original Globe theatre was burnt down over
400 years ago.
This is a wooden building and most of the
audience stand in the open air to watch the
play.
The theatre is a copy of the original Globe
Theatre.
It was opened in London in 1997 but it is not a
modern theatre.
16
  • He was described in a famous novel Ivanhoe by
    Walter Scott.

Richard (1157-1199) the king of England from 1189
until his death.
He was a popular king and regarded as very brave
and for this reason he is often called Richard
the Lionheart.
Richard the Lionheart
17
British Airway London Eye
The ?ye is the worlds biggest observation
wheel. It gives visitors an amazing birds eye
view of the whole city and the surrounding area.
London Eye has 32 capsules which can hold 25
people in each.
It was opened in the year 2000 and was sponsored
as a gift by British Airways, the worlds
favorite air line.
18
London Tube
The first underground railway travel in the
world was made in London.
It was the year 1863 and on that first historic
day 30,000 Londoners used this new and strange
way of travel.
Now more than a hundred years later the London
Underground carries more than a million
passengers every day.
19
Good - bye!
London manages in a unique way to reflect the
past and at the same time to live of a life of
modern city.
There is always something new to discover. Our
tour is over. Thank you very much for attention.
20
The UKs flag is red, and made up of three
crosses
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Green and blue
white and blue
Yellow and blue.
21
... was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the
Kings Zoo
22
St. Pauls Cathedral was built by the famous
English architect ..
William the Conqueror
Sir Christopher Wren
Admiral Nelson.
23
Sir Christopher Wren was buried in
24
There are always black in the Tower of
London
ravens
parrots
pigeons.
25
What was built by William the Conqueror

26
Buckingham Palace is the London home of

the president
the Queen
the Englishmen.
27
A place where the famous statue to Admiral
Nelson is situated
28
The presantation by Dasyuk Ira,
form 6-a, school ?2
teacher of English Arichenko O.G.
teacher of computer studing
Kovalenko O.I.
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