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Homeland Security and You


Homeland Security and You University of Virginia Police Brian Del Vecchio Emergency Planning Coordinator – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Homeland Security and You

Homeland Security and You
  • University of Virginia Police
  • Brian Del Vecchio
  • Emergency Planning Coordinator

Answers to these questions
  • What is terrorism and who are its targets?
  • What weapons do terrorists use?

Answers to these questions
  • What is Homeland Security?
  • What do the Homeland Security Alert System
    symbols mean?

Answers to these questions
  • What can I do to protect myself and others?
  • What are the University Police doing to safeguard
    the Grounds?

What is terrorism?
  • The unlawful use or threatened use of force or
    violence by a person or organized group against
    people or property with the intention of
    intimidating or coercing societies or
    governments, often for ideological or political

What is terrorism?
  • Terrorists often use threats to
  • Create fear among the public.
  • Try to convince citizens that their government
    is powerless to prevent terrorism.
  • Get immediate publicity for their cause.

Current trends in terrorism
  • Increasing lethality and focus on weapons of mass
  • Targeting general population, not specific
  • Use of secondary devices to attack emergency

Potential targets of terrorism
  • Business and industrial facilities and personnel
  • Special events and public gatherings
  • Educational institutions
  • Houses of worship
  • Critical infrastructure

Potential forms of terrorism
  • Other forms of terrorism
  • Arson
  • Hijacking
  • Homicide
  • Cyber-terrorism
  • Hate-motivated attacks
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction (B-NICE)
  • Biological
  • Nuclear
  • Incendiary
  • Chemical
  • Explosive

Nuclear agents
  • Types
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Radiological waste
  • Dirty bombs
  • Least likely of all forms of attack
  • Only instruments can detect radiation

Biological agents
  • Classes of potential biological agents
  • Bacteria
  • Anthrax and the plague
  • Viruses
  • Smallpox and Ebola
  • Toxins
  • Botulism and Ricin

Biological agents
  • Dispersal of biological agents (bacteria,
    viruses, toxins)
  • Mail delivery
  • Aerial spraying
  • Explosive devices
  • Injection
  • Food source contamination

Biological agents
  • Delayed effects make identifying the attack
    more difficult.
  • Signs and symptoms of many biological
    attacks first manifest as flu-like.
  • Only a few biological agents are contagious
  • - Smallpox
  • - Plague
  • - Viral hemorrhagic fever (Ebola)

Chemical agents
  • Extremely toxic
  • Quick acting
  • Many are readily available or easy to make

Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents
  • Limitations of NBC agents
  • Effective dissemination difficult.
  • Delayed effects can detract from impact.
  • Counterproductive to terrorists support.
  • Potentially hazardous to the terrorist.
  • Development and use require skill.

Incendiary agents
  • Fire bombs
  • Arson
  • Time-delayed devices

Explosive agents
  • Pipe bombs
  • Letter bombs
  • AMFO (ammonium nitrate and fuel oil)
  • TNT, dynamite
  • Military ordinance

Homeland Security
In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of
Sept. 11, 2001, 22 previously disparate domestic
agencies were coordinated into the U.S.
Department of Homeland Security.
Homeland Security
  • The new department's first priority is to protect
    the U.S. against further terrorist attacks.
    Component agencies
  • Analyze threats and intelligence
  • Guard borders and airports
  • Protect critical infrastructure
  • Coordinate the response for future emergencies

Homeland Security Advisory System
The world has changed since Sept. 11, 2001. We
remain a nation at risk to terrorist attacks and
will remain so for the foreseeable future. Five
Threat Conditions represent levels of risk of
terrorist attack.
Homeland Security Advisory System
  1. Exercise preplanned protective measures.
  2. Provide training on this Advisory System and on
    specific preplanned department or agency
    protective measures.
  3. Regularly assess facilities for vulnerabilities
    and mitigate these as possible.

Low Risk(Green)
Homeland Security Advisory System
  1. Check communications with designated emergency
    response or command locations.
  2. Review and update emergency response procedures.
  3. Provide the public with any information that
    would strengthen peoples ability to act

Guarded Risk(Blue)
Homeland Security Advisory System
  1. Increase surveillance of critical locations.
  2. Coordinate emergency plans as appropriate with
    local jurisdictions.
  3. Assess whether the threat requires further
    refinement of preplanned protective measures.
  4. Implement, as needed, contingency and emergency
    response plans.

Elevated Risk(Yellow)
Homeland Security Advisory System
  1. Coordinate with federal, state and local law
    enforcement agencies or national guard, other
    armed forces organizations.
  2. Take additional precautions at public events
    consider alternate venues or even cancellations.
  3. Prepare to execute contingency pro-cedures such
    as moving to an alternate site or dispersing the
  4. Restrict threatened facility access to essential
    personnel only.

High Risk(Orange)
Homeland Security Advisory System
Under most circumstances, the protective measures
for a Severe Condition are not intended to be
sustained for substantial periods of time.
Severe Risk(Red)
Homeland Security Advisory System
  1. Increase or redirect personnel to address
    critical emergency needs.
  2. Assign emergency response personnel and
    pre-position and mobilize specially trained teams
    or resources.
  3. Monitor, redirect, or constrain transportation
  4. Close public and government facilities.

Severe Risk(Red)
Protect yourself and others
  • In general
  • Be alert and aware of your surroundings
  • Conspicuous or unusual behavior
  • Threatening or suspicious remarks
  • Unattended objects backpack, briefcase,
  • If you suspect it, report it!

Protect yourself and others
What is wrong with this picture?
Unclaimed luggage
Protect yourself and others
  • When calling 9-1-1, provide the following
  • What happened
  • Where it happened
  • Is anyone injured? How many? Nature of injuries?
  • Suspect / vehicle description
  • Where you will meet the responder(s)

Protect yourself and others
  • Prepare in advance. The very nature of terrorism
    suggests there may be little or no warning.
  • Rehearse emergency plans with family.
  • Keep an emergency kit at home, at work, and
    in your car.
  • Know how to turn off your utilities.

Protect yourself and others
  • Mail delivery
  • Each day, the U.S. Postal Service delivers
    nearly 680 million pieces of mail to 136
    million business and residential addresses.
  • 208 billion pieces annually almost half the
    worlds mail.
  • UVA handles millions of pieces annually.

Protect yourself and others
  • Characteristics of suspicious mail
  • Letters with oily stains.
  • Envelopes that are lopsided, rigid, bulky,
    discolored or have a strange odor.
  • Unexpected envelopes from foreign countries.
  • No postage, excessive postage, and non-
    cancelled postage.

Protect yourself and others
  • What to do with suspicious mail
  • Do not touch.
  • Do not open the envelope or package. If
    already open, reseal to limit additional
  • If powder is present, do not attempt clean-up.
  • Keep others away. Immediately close doors
    to contain the area evacuate.
  • Call 9-1-1.

Protect yourself and others
  • What to do with suspicious mail
  • If you have made contact with suspicious
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or any other part of
    your body.
  • Wash hands and body thoroughly with soap and
  • Change clothing immediately.
  • Do not contaminate others or adjacent areas.
  • Call 9-1-1.

Protect yourself and others
  • At work
  • Report suspicious people or activities,
    packages or vehicles.
  • Report abandoned or unattended vehicles.
  • Check physical security arrangements.
  • Check security cameras to ensure they are
    working properly.

Protect yourself and others
  • At work
  • Have you been requested to provide an
    unusual service or task?
  • Have you had a request for information that is
    proprietary in nature?
  • Maintain secure areas, restrict access.
  • Allow only authorized cleaning personnel into
    the facility.

Protect yourself and others
  • At work
  • Know your emergency evacuation assembly
    point vs. shelter in place.
  • Keep an emergency kit in your office along
    with a change of clothing comfortable
  • Have an emergency communication plan so you
    can contact family.

Protect yourself and others
  • When traveling
  • Do not leave bags unattended, even for a minute.
  • Do not accept packages from strangers.
  • Minimize the time spent in public areas at
  • Move quickly from check-in to secured areas.
  • Remain aware of your surroundings.

Protect yourself and others
  • When traveling abroad
  • Consult the U.S. State Departments Bureau of
    Consular Affairs site at http//www.travel.state.g
    ov for
  • Travel warnings
  • Information sheets
  • Regional travel brochures

What is UVA doing?
  • Crisis Incident Management Team
  • City/County/University Emergency Operations Plan
  • Evacuation drills / tabletop and field exercises
  • UVA Emergency Critical Incident web site at
  • Training such as CERT/Medical Reserve Corp
  • Liaison with local, state, federal agencies is

Fallacies and myths
  • It cant happen here.
  • B-NICE agents are so deadly, the victims will all
    die anyway.
  • There is nothing we can do.

Summary of tips for your safety
  • Know your neighbors and your environment.
  • Have personal emergency kits and plans in place.
  • Immediately report anything suspicious. Call
  • Review UVA emergency preparedness materials at

University of Virginia Police
  • Brian E. Del Vecchio434-243-7019
  • Emergency Planning Coordinatorbed_at_virginia.edu
  • Becky CampbellCommunity Relations
  • 434-924-8845crc7u_at_virginia.edu
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