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The Black Death. 1347-1400


The Black Death. 1347-1400 s; 1500 s-Present. * * * * Epidemic: An outbreak of disease that attacks many people at the same time. The Black Death. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death. 1347-1400

The Black Death.1347-1400s 1500s-Present.
  • Epidemic
  • An outbreak of disease that attacks many people
    at the same time.

The Black Death.
  • The Black Death was a fatal sickness that began
    its spread across Europe in 1347. One symptom of
    the sickness was swelling of the lymph nodes in
    both the armpits and groin. The Greek word for
    groin is Bubon, while the Greek phrase for
    swelling is Buboes. Through the two of these
    Greek words, came the official name for The Black
    Plague, The Bubonic Plague.

The Spread Across Europe.
  • A mysterious disease attacked people living near
    the Black Sea now Ukraine in early 1347. As the
    disease began to spread, it caused both sickness
    and death. During 1347, there was no medicine
    that existed to defeat this odd, fear-inflicting

The Spread Across Europe Cont.
  • The thought was that the Italian traders brought
    the disease to the Black Sea, inhabited by
    Muslims. As the disease worsened and began taking
    multiple lives, all trade was banned from the
    Italians as well as the capture of all Italians
    living in the Black Sea area. As the anger took
    hold of the Muslims, due to so many deaths of
    their own kind, they proceeded to catapult dead
    bodies that were infected with The Black Plague
    into groups of Italians. This measure was taken
    so that the Italians could feel the agony of what
    the Muslims thought they spread across the Black

Over Seas.
  • The retaliation from the Italians was far from
    brutal. They rid themselves of the bodies that
    had been slung into their groups, by dumping the
    infected flesh into the ocean. Then, in October
    1347, a small crew of Italians escaped fleeting
    from the east to Sicily. The small crew, little
    did they know, were carrying the disease with
    them straight into the mainland of Italy.

Furthering the Spread.
  • As the spread of The Black Plague continued, it
    traveled deep into the mainland of Italy such as
    Milan and Florence. The disease made its way to
    these cities through both black rats and the
    fleas that rode upon their backs. Another cause
    of the spread through Europe were Peddlers and
    Travelers, picking up the disease from the coast,
    moving it throughout Italy.

Worsening the Spread.
  • In Italy, the spread of The Black Plague was
    only being made worse. Garbage was not picked up
    routinely while there was no running water
    source, making it easy for rats and lice to
    thrive and keep spreading the plague. Venice,
    hearing of the terrible disease, quarantined
    isolation and restriction on travel their
    boarders. As The Black Plague struck in December
    1347, the quarantine failed.

Loss of Faith.
  • All over Italy people were left to die, cut off
    from friends and family, in cities that were
    infected whether the people had been infected or
    not. Many lives were lost, and grief as well as
    frustration was shown throughout Italy. During
    the winter of 1348 and 1349, a little more than a
    year after the appearance of The Black Death in
    Sicily, had come to an end in Italy. Through the
    rats and lice, the disease made its way to
    France and Southern ports of Europe such as the
    English Channel and over to Western Europe.

  • Although the plague had seemed to be over to the
    people that survived in Italy, it was just
    beginning in other parts of Europe drifting away
    and returning, becoming harsh and then releasing
    its grip upon the human lives. The Black Plague
    continued this pattern, disappearing and
    mysteriously returning for many years after the
    Europe disaster. The disease has never really
    left us, occasionally catching a worthy victim,

A Cure.
  • as the plague finally released its tight grip
    on society, Americans began to find cures for
    the disease as it lay dormant, testing and
    studying the signs and symptoms of the disease to
    find that it could also be classified as
    Smallpox. As the cures were found, medicine was
    created and introduced into the regions, making a
    cure to the deadly Bubonic Plague.

For Every Action, There Is A Reaction.
  • On one hand, as the plague began its spread
    across Europe, people inhabiting the lands
    cowered. The frightened would eat little and cut
    themselves off from both sick and well by
    remaining indoors to insure that they did not
    catch the deadly disease.
  • While on the other hand, the un-fearful partied
    and ran wild, drinking and whatnot. The saying
    for these specific people was, We play today,
    for we die tomorrow.

Side Effects.
  • Many mysterious symptoms began happening to the
    people that became infected with the black
    plague. Some of these signs and symptoms were
  • Headaches.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Staggered when the infected persons tried to
  • Lymph nodes in the sufferers armpits and groin
    would swell to the size of hens eggs.
  • Heart would beat wildly, trying to pump blood
    through the swollen tissues in the infected body.

Side Effects Cont
  • The nervous system started to collapse, causing
    dreadful pain and bizarre movements of the arms
    and legs.
  • As death neared, the mouth gaped open and the
    skin of the sick began to blacken, caused from
    internal bleeding.
  • On the fifth day of being infected, death.

The Grip of Death.
  • The disease disproportionately took the lives of
    physically frail people, rather than
    indiscriminately killing off individuals
    regardless of their health. Rats would spread the
    disease to humans, and humans would infect other
    humans. Swelling would occur, causing blood to
    stop pumping, where then the nervous system would
    begin to break down, causing internal bleeding,
    and then death.

The After Effects.
  • After The Black Death begin to die down, and
    seemingly disappear, the survivors began to
    change the way they live drastically as well as
    changes within the economy. Some of the changes
  • Severe labor shortages due to deaths from the
  • Crop shortage.
  • Agricultural prices fell.
  • Nobles, whose power and wealth depended on their
    land holdings, lost their place in the social

The After Effects Cont
  • Serfs were in a much stronger position, due to
    their services being in demand.
  • Wages rose.
  • Loss of faith, why did God do this?
  • New medicines were being created.
  • Medical textbooks were published and began to be
  • New languages arose.
  • The Black Death helped pave a way for the new.