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William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare and MACBETH Biographical Information Born: Stratford-Upon Avon, England April 23, 1564 Parents, John and Mary (Arden) Married Anne Hathaway ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeare


1
William Shakespeare
  • and
  • MACBETH

2
Biographical Information
  • Born Stratford-Upon Avon, England April 23,
    1564
  • Parents, John and Mary (Arden)
  • Married Anne Hathaway, November, 1582
  • Three children Susanna, Hamnet, and Judith

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vgeev441vbMIlistPL
sMrOD8f85SVie58--Hs-slZEaQ3PGt9vindex1
3
The Bard
  • Playwright, Poet, Actor
  • Sometime in the 1580's William Shakespeare left
    his family to pursue a career as a playwright,
    poet, and actor in London.
  • His success was immense. Shakespeare is known to
    have written 154 sonnets and 37 plays.
  • A sonnet form has been named for him. The
    Shakespearean sonnet is 14 lines long with a
    rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef,gg.

4
Shakespeares Theatre
  • The Globe Theatre
  • ?one of most famous playhouses of all time,
  • ?where Shakespeare performed his plays.
  • ?3 stories tall
  • could hold approx. 3000 spectators
  • co-owned by William Shakespeare

5
The Stage In Shakespeares Time
  • A show lasted about 2 ½ hours
  • There was no scenery, but elaborate props and
    costumes
  • Devices such as trap doors and scaffolds were
    used to make gods, witches, etc disappear.

6
The Stage In Shakespeares Time (continued)
  • All parts were played by men or boys
  • it was ILLEGAL for women to be on stage
  • In front of stage was a big open area where the
    groundlings stood to watch the performance
  • ? Only the wealthy could afford a seat

7
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8
Points of Shakespeare's Style
  • Use of metaphors- compare using like or as
  • Use of soliloquies speech given by character
    when alone on stage
  • ?Ex a person talking to himself out loud.
  • Use of asides a character says something to the
    audience, but the other characters cannot hear it
  • ?Ex the Chorus in Oedipus and Antigone

9
Points of Shakespeares Style
  • Use of sonnets strict poetic style of writing.
  • 14 lines 3 sets of 4 line quatrains and a two
  • line rhyming couplet at the end.
  • ?Rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
  • Use of puns humourous plays on words indicating
    different meanings.

10
Macbeth
  • Play written by W. Shakespeare between 1603
    1607
  • Action packed, psychological thriller
  • Considered one of the darkest and most powerful
    tragedies ever written
  • The shortest tragedy

11
Macbeth Background
  • Written during the reign of King James I
  • Queen Elizabeths nephew
  • King James I was originally from Scotland

12
Cont
  • The play is based on the accounts of King Macbeth
    of Scotland, Macduff and Duncan in the
    Holinsheds Chronicles (1587)
  • ? Historical document of England, Scotland
  • and Ireland
  • ? The play written by Shakespeare does differ
    from the historical events

13
The CURSE of Macbeth
  • Many believe that the play is cursed!
  • Its bad luck to say Macbeth aloud in the
  • theater- instead it will be referred to as
    The
  • Scottish Play.
  • If someone DOES say the name, they must leave
    the room, close the door, turn around 3 times,
    say a dirty word or spit, knock on the door and
    asked to be let back in.

14
The CURSE cont
  • 2. The play itself bring bad luck to the cast
  • and crew.
  • Shakespeare used authentic witches chants in
    the play as punishment, real witches cast a
    curse on the play, condemning it for all time!

15
Legend says
  • There are MANY examples of the curse at work
  • King James I banned the play for 5 years after he
    first saw it
  • Believed the witches curse to be too realistic
  • 2. In the first production Hal Berridge, playing
    Lady Macbeth, became feverish and died backstage.

16
Curse
  • In 1672 actor playing Macbeth used a real dagger
    and killed the actor playing Duncan
  • 1865 President Lincoln was reading passages from
    Macbeth to some friends and within a week was
    assassinated.
  • 2001 three actors were injured on set and cedar
    trees from Birnam Wood scene fell over,
    destroying the set.

17
Themes
  • Ambition when evil is used to get what you want
  • Masculinity proving that you are a real man
    aggression

18
Macbeth Summary
  • Following a fierce battle, Macbeth meets three
    witches who tell him he will become King of
    Scotland.
  • Macbeth and his wife decide to kill the King of
    Scotland, King Duncan so Macbeth can become King
  • Macbeth continues to murder others in order to
    protect his throne.
  • Macduff, a nobleman, and Malcolm, King Duncans
    son, rebel and Macduff kills Macbeth.

19
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