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Chapter 9 Sports Psychology

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Title: Chapter 9 Sports Psychology Author: Monkey Last modified by: Minerva Created Date: 9/27/2009 4:24:43 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 9 Sports Psychology


1
Chapter 9Sports Psychology
  • Jeffry Mathis Minerva Duke-Caruso

2
Student Learning Objectives
  • In this chapter we will
  • Discuss what sport psychologists do.
  • Explain how sport psychology fits within
    Kinesiology.
  • Describe how sport psychology evolved within the
    field of Kinesiology.

3
Student Learning Objectives
  • Help you understand how sport psychology
    professionals engage in research and practice.
  • Discuss what research tells us about personality,
    motivation, energy management, and group
    processes.
  • Explain how intervention techniques are used to
    enhance participation in physical activity.

4
What IS sport psychology?
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • Science?

5
What Does a Sport Psychologist DO?
  • Social-psychological factors that influence
    behavior and performance
  • Why are some individuals motivated to exercise
    and others not?
  • Why do some athletes choke and others do not?
  • Why do children drop out of youth sport programs?
  • Is it better to exercise alone or in a group?

6
What Does a Sport Psychologist DO?
  • Psychological effects derived from participation

7
What Does a Sport Psychologist DO?
  • Enhance experience for participants (ASP)

8
Where did sport psychology come from?
  • When did it start?
  • Body and mind

9
Where did sport psychology come from?
  • A brief North American history
  • Norman Triplett 1898
  • Coleman Griffith 1919-1938
  • Bruce Ogilvie Tom Tutko

10
Research Methods
11
Personality
12
Sports Builds Character
  • Does it really?
  • Sports The W

13
Sports Builds Character
  • Sports
  • Sport doesnt build character, people do.
    (Vealey, R.S. 2009)

14
Motivation
  • External
  • Internal

15
Competence Motivation Theory
16
Competence Motivation Theory
Perceived Incompetence
No Enjoyment
Fewer
Mastery Attempts
More
Perceived Competence
Enjoyment
17
Developing Intrinsic Motivation
  • Intrinsically motivated towards competence

18
Group Membership
  • Team Cohesion / Team chemistry
  • Teams with good cohesion perform better.
  • Right?

19
Cohesion Causes
20
Cohesion Causes
21
Cohesion Causes
22
Cohesion Causes
  • Team Factors

23
Mental Training
24
Visualization
25
Thinking Skills
  • Self Talk
  • Positive
  • Negative
  • Body focus
  • Association
  • Disassociation

26
Behavioral Strategies
  • Goal Setting
  • SMART
  • Specific
  • Measurable
  • Action-oriented
  • Realistic
  • Time sensitive

27
AAAAAGGH!!!
  • Stress, Anxiety, and Arousal

28
Whats the diff?
  • Stress (Selye 1983)
  • Anxiety
  • Arousal

29
Stress
  • Stress
  • Perception
  • Eustress
  • Distress
  • Both?
  • Coping

30
Anxiety
  • Anxiety
  • Multidimensional
  • Trait Anxiety
  • State Anxiety
  • Cognitive Anxiety
  • Somatic Anxiety

31
Arousal
  • Arousal

32
Research
  • What is the relationship between arousal and
    athletic performance?
  • Drive Theory
  • Inverted U theory

33
Research
  • How do we measure arousal?
  • Yerkes Dodson
  • Bzzzzt!

0 50 100 150 200 250
Bzzt
34
Yerkes Dodson
  • What does it mean?

35
Catastrophe Theory
  • Multidimensional
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