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PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

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Title: PAST PERFECT SIMPLE Author: Portable Last modified by: 1 Created Date: 12/28/2008 2:55:35 PM Document presentation format: (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 26 March 2020
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Title: PAST PERFECT SIMPLE


1
(No Transcript)
2

Well use your plans, Diana.
  • This is Diana. She had a meeting yesterday.

3
  • This is Diana and this is Alison. Today
  • Diana met Alison.
  • Alison asked her what they had sad. Diana told
    her that they would use her plans.

4
Well use your plans, Diana.
These are the exact words the manager
said.(direct speech)
Diana told her that they would use her
plans. These arent the speakers exact words,
but the exact meaning of what he said. (reported
speech)
5
  • Im hungry, Tom said
  • Tom said (that) he was hungry.
  • Which sentence is in direct speech?
  • Which sentence is in reported speech?
  • We use quotation marks in direct
  • speech, but we dont use quotation
  • marks in reported speech.

6
Introductory verbs
Lisa said, I have finished my work. Lisa said
to me, I have finished my work. Lisa said
(that) she had finished her work. Do we use the
verb say both in direct and reported speech? We
use the verb say both in direct and reported
speech without the preposition to when it isnt
followed by the person being spoken to.
7
Introductory verbs
Lisa told me, I have finished my work. Lisa
told me (that) she had finished her work. Do we
know who Lisa spoke to? Do we use the verb tell
both in direct and reported speech? We use the
verb tell both in direct and reported speech
when it is followed by the person being spoken
to. The verb tell can never be followed by the
preposition to.
8
We use say or tell in certain expressions.
  • say
  • good morning
  • good afternoon
  • something
  • ones prayers
  • so
  • tell
  • the truth
  • a lie
  • a secret
  • a story
  • the time
  • the difference
  • sb ones name
  • sb the way
  • one from another

9
Reported Statements
Im having a great time. Ireally like their new
house.
The hot dogs are delicious. Youre a great cook.
  • Laura told Jim that the hot dogs were delicious
    and that he was a great cook. Ed told Celia that
    he was having a great time and that he really
    liked their new house.

10
Verb Tenses
  • Direct speech
  • Reported speech
  • Present Simple
  • Present Continuous
  • Present Perfect
  • Past Simple
  • Future (will)
  • can
  • Past Simple
  • Past Continuous
  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect
  • Conditional (would)
  • could


11
Were having a meeting tomorrow, Alex
said. Alex said that they were having a meeting
the following day. Certain words and time
expressions change in reported speech.
12
Time expressions
  • Direct speech
  • Reported speech
  • tonight
  • today
  • this week
  • now
  • yesterday
  • last night
  • tomorrow
  • next week
  • two days ago
  • that night
  • that day
  • that week
  • then, at that time
  • the day before/the previous day
  • the previous night
  • the day after
  • the following week/the next week
  • two days before


13
He says, Ill do the shopping. He says (that)
he will do the shopping. Have the tenses changed
in the reported speech? When the introductory
verb is in the present, future or present perfect
simple, there are no changes in the verb tenses
in reported speech.
14
It never snows in the Sahara, said the
teacher. The teacher said that it never snows in
the Sahara. Is it always true that it never snows
in the Sahara? Do the tenses change in reported
speech? When the sentence in direct speech
expresses something which is always true the verb
tenses do not change in reported speech.
15
He was reading his newspaper while I was
watching TV , Ruth said. Ruth said that he was
reading his newspaper while she was watching
TV. I had finished cooking by six oclock, she
said. She said (that) she had finished cooking by
six oclock. Past continuous, past perfect simple
and past perfect continuous do not change in
reported speech.
16
John might visit Japan in the summer, his
sister said. Johns sister said (that) he might
visit Japan in the summer. Certain modal verbs
such as would, could, might, should and ought to
do not change in reported speech.
17
Reported Questions
  • The doctor asked Mary how often she exercised.
  • She also asked her if/whether she drank milk.

How often do you exercise?
Do you drink milk?
18

The doctor asked Mary how often she exercised.
She also asked her if/whether she drank
milk. Are these the doctors exact words? Which
introductory verb do we use? Are the two
sentences in question form? Do the verb tenses
and pronoun change? What happens when the direct
question begins with a question word? What
happens when the direct question begins with an
auxiliary verb?

19


Can you come to work tomorrow? the boss asked
me. The boss asked me if/whether I could go to
work the following day. When the direct question
begins with a modal verb, then the reported
question begins with if or whether.
20


Report the doctors questions Do you smoke? Can
you come and see me again next week? How long
have you been feeling unwell? Do you have three
meals a day?
21
Reported Commands/Requests/Suggestions
  • The teacher
  • suggested making
  • some cards.
  • She asked Ruth to sit
  • down.
  • She told the children to be careful with the
    glue.
  • She also told them not to make a mess.

Lets make some cards. Ruth, sit down, please. Be
careful with the glue. Dont make a mess
22
  • Lets make some cards.
  • She suggested making some cards.
  • Ruth, sit down, please.
  • She asked Ruth to sit down.
  • Be careful with the glue.
  • She told the children to be careful with the
    glue.
  • Dont make a mess.
  • She told them not to make a mess.
  • Which sentences contain the teachers
  • exact words? Which sentence contains the
  • teachers suggestion?/request?/command?


23

ask sb to-infinitive (to report
requests)
suggest -ing form (to report suggestions)

tell sb to-infinitive (to report commands
/instructions)
24


Report the teachers words Lets sing a
song. Dont fight with each other. Listen to
me. Put all the toys away. Please, be
quiet! Lets sit in a circle.
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