THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 674e74-OTQ0M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Description:

Title: THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Author: denis babichenko Last modified by: denis.babichenko Created Date: 2/22/2012 1:37:48 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:35
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: denisbab8
Learn more at: http://apsva.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


1
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
2
Before the Industrial Revolution
  • Rural (agriculture-based) economy
  • Cottage system of production
  • Inefficient Agriculture (example common
    pastures, three field (open field) system)

3
Major Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
  • (1) Acceptance of new crops (potatoes
  • and maize across Europe)
  • (2) Crop rotation (the four field system
  • wheat, turnips, oats/barley, clover)
  • (3) The Enclosure Movement (improved soil
  • and livestock displaced poor peasants
  • formally-The Enclosure Act of 1801)
  • (4) Technological innovations and
  • agricultural propaganda
  • (1793 Arthur Young and the Board of
    Agriculture)


Prosperity under Farmer King George III ?
4
The Agricultural Revolution (cont.)
The Enclosure Movement
5
Agricultural Innovations
  • Robert Bakewell Jethro Tulls
  • Stock (selective) Breeding Seed Drill

Year Sheep (lbs) Cattle (lbs)
1710 28 370
1795 80 800
6
Causes of the Industrial Revolution POPULATION
GROWTH
  • Why?
  • (1)Better resistance to diseases
  • (2) New crops
  • (3) More reliable food supply
  • (4) Young population (in early 19th century, 40
    in England - under age of 15)

7
Causes of Agricultural Revolution Technological
Changes in the 18th century
  • Spirit of innovation (scientific agriculture and
    less resistance to technology from urban guilds
  • Josiah Wedgewood division of labor and pottery
    from 1700s
  • Matthew Boultons Factory with Steam Engine -
    1762

8
Technological Innovations Steam Engine
  • Thomas Newcomen (1705) first modern steam
    engine
  • James Watt (1763) improvement on the original
    engine (partnership with Boulton and application
    in factories and Fultons steamship Claremont
    (1807))

9
Technological Innovations in Textile (Cotton)
Industry
  • First industry to go through mechanization/
  • industrialization
  • Series of inventions reduced labor costs
  • - John Kays Flying
  • Shuttle (1733)
  • - Richard Arkwrights
  • Water Frame (1771)
  • - James Hargreaves Spinning
  • Jenny (1778)
  • - Samuel Cromptons Mule (1779)

The Spinning Jenny
Machines installed in mills close to water
sources. Women had to leave homes to work in
mills (factories)
10
Innovations in other Industries
  • The Iron Industry (from Abraham Darbys bridge
    (1779) to the Crystal Palace (1851))
  • Transportation
  • - Railroads (Stephensons
  • Rocket 1820s and 1830s)
  • - Steamboats and ships
  • (1838 Transatlantic Steamship
  • race)
  • Communication
  • (Electric Telegraph -1830s)

11
Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great
Britain?
  • Diverse economy
  • - Export oriented
  • - Colonies sources of raw materials /
  • markets for finished goods
  • - Unified internal market
  • Natural resources and advantages of physical
    geography
  • - Large deposits of coal and iron
  • - Navigable rivers and coastline (canals!)
  • - Island natural protection against
    invasion/wars
  • Strong navy and the largest merchant marine
  • Government responsive to business
  • - More fluid society
  • - Constitutional protections of private property

12
Changes in Social Patterns
  • Urbanization
  • Improved connection between rural and urban areas
    (roads, canals, etc.)
  • Increase in lower class womens and childs labor
  • Formation of new social classes urban working
    class (proletariat) and the new middle class
  • Cult of domesticity

13
Economic and Political Isms Responses to the
Industrial Revolution
  • Laissez faire (Capitalism)
  • Luddism?
  • Positivism
  • Utilitarianism
  • Utopian socialism
  • Scientific socialism -----? (communism)

14
Impact of Industrialization on Non-Western World
  • The revolution spread from England to the rest of
    Western Europe and, eventually, the United States
  • Western powers projected their industrial
    dominance on non-Western societies through
    economic domination and military interference

15
Is the Industrial Revolution over?
16
Work Cited
  • Slide 1 http//mhslibrary.org/Teacher20Projects/
    Teacher20Projects/Social20Studies/D27Acquisto/I
    ndustrial20Revolution/progress.jpg
  • http//www.teacherlink.org/content/social/instru
    ctional/industrialrevolution/childmillworker.jpg
  • Slide 2 http//2.bp.blogspot.com/_1-
  • vEOICRwA/TIgR3d8y3qI/AAAAAAAAC
    s0/6fZo2foigu4/s1600/spinningshop.jpg
  • http//adminstaff.vassar.edu/sttaylor/FAMINE/PT/
    cottage2.jpg
  • Slide 3 http//www.robinsonlibrary.com/agricultur
    e/agriculture/history/graphics/1700.gif
  • http//collectionsonline.nmsi.ac.uk/browser.php?
    mobjectskv65303i122795
  • Slide 4 http//cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/be83
    d73d2626451f816016965357fa88_1M.png
  • http//www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/images/episode/b00b
    1m9b_640_360.jpg
  • Slide 5 http//wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/
    1899/PreviewComp/SuperStock_1899-3198.jpg
  • http//irinventions.biss.wikispaces.net/file/view
    /An_English_farmer_plants_his_fields_in_the_early_
    1700s_using_a_seed_drill..png/234866676/508x219/An
    _English_farmer_plants_his_fields_in_the_early_170
    0s_using_a_seed_drill..png
  • Slide 6 http//apworldhistorywiki.wikispaces.com/
    file/view/worldpopulationgrowth25B15D.gif/178496
    593/worldpopulationgrowth25B15D.gif
  • Slide 7 http//www.cottontimes.co.uk/watt02.htm
  • http//www.thepotteries.org/works/burslem/brick_
    house.jpg
  • Slide 8 http//www.bbc.co.uk/devon/content/images
    /2008/01/30/thomas_newcomen_engine_lead_203x152.jp
    g
  • http//pioneros.puj.edu.co/biografias/img/thomas
    20newcomen.jpg
  • http//www.notablebiographies.com/images/uewb_10
    _img0714.jpg
  • http//www.cottontimes.co.uk/watto.htm
  • Slide 9 http//www.saburchill.com/history/chapter
    s/IR/010.html
About PowerShow.com