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Physical Features of the United States

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Physical Features of the United States Geography Mr. Napier and Mr. Newhall Political Vocabulary Sovereignty who owns a nation Totalitarianism total gov t ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Physical Features of the United States


1
Physical Features of the United States
  • Geography
  • Mr. Napier and Mr. Newhall

2
Standards
  • A. Describe the location of major physical
    features and their impact on Canada and the U.S.
  • B. Describe the major climates of Canada and the
    U.S. and how they affect those nations.
  • C. Explain the reasons for population
    distribution in U.S. and Canada.
  • D. Explain how the physical geography of Canada
    and the U.S. contributed to regional growth and
    development.
  • E. Describe the ethnic and religious groups in
    Canada and U.S. include major customs and
    traditions.
  • F. Analyze how transportation and communications
    improvements led to the growth of industry in the
    U.S. and the consequences of such growth,
    especially environmentally, for both Canada and
    the U.S.

3
What Information can you gather from a map?
4
Performance Task 1
  • You have been hired by the Chamber of Commerce of
    a city in Canada.
  • You have one week to prepare a tri-fold brochure
    to encourage business and tourism to the city.
  • You have six panels to promote your city. One
    panel is the cover. Other five panels should
    include interesting sites, major businesses and
    products, colleges/education, government, and
    transportation infrastructure.

5
Cities for Performance Task
  • Quebec
  • Toronto
  • Ottawa
  • Halifax
  • Winnipeg
  • Calgary
  • Vancouver
  • Yellowknife
  • Victoria
  • Edmonton
  • Iqaluit
  • Thunder Bay
  • Hamilton
  • St. Johns
  • Whitehorse
  • Montreal
  • Regina
  • Hull

6
Collaborative Pairs
Work with your collaborative partner. Make a
list of 10 important facts you already know about
the geography of the U.S.
7
Homework!
  • Read Pages 143 to 147
  • Answer questions 1, 2, and 3 on page 147.
  • Why is capitalism the best economic system? What
    other systems are there?

8
Essential Question
The United States has the highest Gross National
Product in the world. What does this mean about
the role the United States plays in the world
economy? By the way, GNP, is the sum of all
economic activity in a country. What nation is
2?
9
Where are some important physical features in the
United States?
  • Physical features are natural landforms and
    bodies of water on Earths surface.
  • Important land physical features in the United
    States include
  • The Atlantic Coastal Plain
  • The Great Plains
  • The Continental Divide
  • The Great Basin
  • Death Valley

10
Farming the land
  • Most abundant natural resource is land
  • Native Americans lived off the land
  • Homestead Act gave 160 acres to those who moved
    west.
  • Most land east of Mississippi was cleared by the
    Civil War.
  • Fossil fuels now critical to economy.

11
The Atlantic Coastal Plain
  • Lowland area borders the Atlantic Ocean in the
    Eastern part of the United States.
  • Has many excellent harbors.
  • Many people live in this region.

12
The Great Plains
Bread box for much of the world. Called Great
American Desert by early settlers. Railroad
brought many west through GP to
California. What was found in California in
1849? Who built the Transcontinental
Railroad? What animnal was nearly destroyed in
the process of settling the Great Plains?
13
The Great Plains Can you name all the states in
green?
14
The Great Plains
  • The Interior plains are a flat area in the middle
    of the United States.
  • The Great Plains are the western part of the
    interior plains.
  • The Great Plains are east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • The Great Plains consists of grasslands with few
    trees.
  • U.S. farmers grow 10 of wheat and 32 of corn in
    the world.

15
The Continental Divide
  • High peeks of the rocky mountains form an
    imaginary line called the backbone of North
    America.
  • On the eastern side of the Continental Divide,
    rivers flow toward the Atlantic Ocean or the Gulf
    of Mexico.
  • On the Western side of the Continental Divide,
    rivers flow toward the Pacific Ocean.

16
Checking your knowledge
  • What American explorers first crossed the
    Continental Divide?
  • What river did they follow across the Great
    Plains?
  • Through which American port does the grain from
    the Great Plains pass to be exported?
  • What mountains are west of the Rockies?
  • What pro football team plays in Mile High Stadium?

17
Cool Maps
  • http//twistedsifter.com/2013/08/maps-that-will-he
    lp-you-make-sense-of-the-world/

18
The Great Basin
19
The Great Basin
  • This area is west of the Rocky Mountains and east
    of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges.
  • You will find isolated mountain ranges as well as
    Death Valley the lowest point in North America!

20
Death Valley
The Lowest Point in North America!!
21
Where are some important physical features in the
United States?
  • Physical features are natural landforms and
    bodies of water on Earths surface.
  • Important bodies of water in the United States
    include
  • The Gulf of Mexico
  • The St. Lawrence River
  • The Great Lakes

22
The Gulf of Mexico
23
The Gulf of Mexico
  • This body of water is between the eastern coast
    of Mexico and the Western coast of Florida.
  • It has warmer water than the Atlantic Ocean.

24
St. Lawrence River
25
St. Lawrence River
  • This important river flows through northeastern
    Canada.
  • It is a major transportation route for large
    ships bringing goods into Canada and the United
    States.
  • Montreal and Quebec and major cities on St.
    Lawrence.
  • What tourist attraction prevents travel between
    the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes?

26
The Great Lakes Can you name them??
27
The Great Lakes
  • These five lakes are located in the northern part
    of the United States between the U.S and Canada.
  • They are the largest freshwater lakes in the
    world.

28
Economic Systems Review
  • Capitalism free enterprise
  • Supply and demand determines prices
  • Consumers are in control
  • Laissez faire
  • AKA Market
  • Command
  • Communism government controls and makes central
    decisions
  • Socialism Government makes major decisions

29
Mixed Economies
  • Almost every economic system in the world is a
    mixed economy with some capitalism and some
    command or government control.

30
Mixed Economies around the world
31
Essential Question?
  • Which economic system is the best?
  • What is the ideal economic system?
  • Should the government be involved in the economy?

32
Political Systems Review
  • Democracy people make all decisions
  • Town Meetings
  • Ancient Greece
  • Republic People elect representatives
  • United States
  • Canada

33
Federalism is a compromise!
  • But, what is Federalism?
  • Unitary Central government
  • Confederation Local governments

Federalism is a compromise in the Constitution
which divides powers between the national and the
state governments.
34
Political Vocabulary
  1. Sovereignty who owns a nation
  2. Totalitarianism total govt control
  3. Dictatorship one person in control
  4. Monarchy inherited power king/queen
  5. Tyranny Takes over government
  6. Empire One nation/ruler controls other nations
  7. Constitution set of rules for the government

35
Homework Chapter 3 section 2
  • Read Chapter 3, Section 2 Page 100-105.
  • Know key terms on page 105.
  • Complete Section 2 Guided Reading and Review
  • Quiz tomorrow at start of class!

36
Where are some important man-made features in the
U.S?
  • There are many things in the United States that
    have been created by man.
  • These man-made features include
  • Cities
  • Structures like a canal or a dam.
  • Some major man-made features in the United States
    include
  • New York City
  • Boston
  • Philadelphia
  • Erie Canal

37
New York City
38
New York City
  • This the largest city in the United States.
  • Located in New York State.
  • It is the world center of finance and business.
  • It is located on a large harbor that helped it to
    grow as a trade center.

39
Boston
40
Boston
  • This city is the capital of Massachusetts.
  • It is located on a harbor at the mouth of the
    Charles River.
  • It is the largest city in the New England region.

41
Philadelphia
42
Philadelphia
  • This is the largest city in Pennsylvania.
  • It is known as the birthplace of a the nation.
  • Both the Declaration of Independence and the
    Constitution were written there.
  • \

43
Erie Canal
44
The Erie Canal
  • This man-made waterway links lake Erie with the
    Hudson River in New York.
  • It was completed in 1825.
  • It allows goods to be transported easily along
    the Great Lakes and then further west.
  • It helped make New York City a major trade center.

45
Man Made Features True or False?
  • New York City is the largest city in the United
    States.
  • New York City is not located on a harbor.
  • Boston is the capital of Massachusetts.
  • The largest city in the New England region is
    Providence, Rhode Island.
  • Philadelphia is the capital of Pennsylvania.
  • The Declaration of Independence was written in
    Philadelphia.

46
San Francisco
  • Excellent harbor
  • The nearby San Andreas and Hayward Faults are
    responsible for much earthquake activity

47
Mount Rushmore
  • Carved into Black Hills of South Dakota
  • Sacred land of the Sioux
  • Another monument is being carved for Crazy Horse
    a few miles away.

48
Chicago
  • Third largest city in United States.
  • Name top two?
  • Near a portage between the Great Lakes and the
    Mississippi River watershed
  • Home to Bears and Cubs!

49
Review
50
Everglades - Florida
  • Habitat for wildlife
  • Large cities near this ecosystem
  • Is flood control more important than the
    environment?
  • Manatee and panther endangered
  • Invasive species

51
Rio Grande River
  • Forms border between Texas and Mexico
  • Many illegal immigrants cross river
  • Should the river be fortified?

52
Mt. McKinley
  • Highest mountain in North America
  • 20,237 feet
  • Alaska

53
Gulf of Mexico
  • Warm water temperatures feed hurricanes
  • Oil and natural gas production
  • Dead zone near coast
  • Deepwater Horizon BP oil spill

54
Climate of United States and Canada
55
Temperatures in North America
56
Precipitation in North America
57
Questions
  • What area of North America receives the most
    rainfall?
  • How much rain does Atlanta receive each year?
  • Where does rain come from???
  • How do mountains impact the amount of rain an
    area receives?
  • What happens when rain and cold meet?

58
United States vs. Canada
  • Lets compare the U.S. with Canada.
  • How are the nations similar?
  • How are the nations different?
  • Work with your collaborative partner and list
    three answer to each question.

59
Comparing U.S. and Canada
  • United States
  • Canada
  • 315,000,000 people
  • President
  • 81 white, 13 black
  • Largest GNP
  • Congress
  • Baseball/Football
  • 3,794,000 square miles
  • U.N. and NAFTA
  • 35,000,000 people
  • Prime Minister
  • 83 white, 10 Asian
  • 13 in GDP
  • Parliament
  • Hockey
  • 3,855,000 square miles
  • U.N., NAFTA and British Commonwealth
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