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October 23, 2009

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So I got on a plane. When I arrived in Berlin many people were attacking the wall with stones. ... Henri thinks they were arguing about their wedding. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: October 23, 2009


1
October 23, 2009
  • Topic A moment in time
  • Language focus Past Simple vs. Past Continuous
  • Focus on pronunciation final ed (contd)
    introduction
  • to
    consonant sounds

2
  • Look at the photos and answer the following
    questions
  • 1. Where are they?
  • 2. What do you think is happening?

3
Photo A

4
Photo B
5
Photo C
6
Read the text about the photographer who took
these photos and match paragraphs 1-3 with the
photos
  • Harry Benson spent 50 years taking dramatic and
    memorable photographs for national newspapers and
    magazines. Here he talks about three of his
    best-known pictures

7
  1. In 1989, I was working in London when suddenly I
    heard the news that the Russians were planning to
    make Berlin an open city. So I got on a plane.
    When I arrived in Berlin many people were
    attacking the wall with stones. The woman in the
    photo was shouting I hate it!.
  2. When I took this photo we were in a hotel room in
    Paris in 1964. John and Paul were at the piano
    and it seemed that nothing was happening. But
    suddenly they became completely focused. First
    the melody came, then the words. They were
    composing their song I feel fine.
  3. I took this picture on Aug. 9th 1974. He was
    saying goodbye to his cabinet and the White House
    staff after the Watergate scandal. All his
    family were standing round him. You can see from
    their faces what they were feeling.

8
Answers
  • Photo A text 3
  • Photo B text 1
  • Photo C text 2

9
Some more info
  • Photo A shows the American President Richard
    Nixon. He was a Republican and was forced to
    resign after several men broke into the Watergate
    Hotel in Washington (the Democratic Partys
    headquarters) and tried to bug the phones. The
    men had been paid by Nixons election committee.
  • Photo B shows the Berlin Wall which divided East
    and West Berlin. It was built in 1961 to prevent
    East Germans escaping from the communist rule. It
    was knocked down in 1989.
  • Photo C shows the Beatles in a room of the George
    V Hotel in Paris in 1964. Here they composed one
    of their most famous songs. The photo is known
    all over the world as the Beatles composing in
    Paris.

10
Vocabulary matching
  • To bug the phones
  • To resign
  • To break into smth.
  • To prevent so. from doing smth. or to prevent so.
    doing smth.
  • The communist rule
  • To knock smth. down
  1. To destroy, to demolish
  2. The control of the population by a political
    system
  3. To officially leave a job
  4. To put a special device somewhere in order to
    listen secretly to other peoples conversations
  5. To enter a building by force to open a car by
    force
  6. To stop so. from doing smth.

11
Answers
  • 1 d
  • 2 c
  • 3 e
  • 4 f
  • 5 b
  • 6 a

12
Now read the texts again and try to remember what
was happening when Harry Benson took the photos
  • When he took the photo in Berlin people..
  • When he took the photo in Paris the Beatles
  • When he took the photo in Washington President
    Nixon.

13
Look at the verbs in red in the following
paragraph
  • In 1989, I was working in London when suddenly I
    heard the news that the Russians were planning to
    make Berlin an open city. So I got on a plane.
    When I arrived in Berlin many people were
    attacking the wall with stones. The woman in the
    photo was shouting I hate it!.
  • What tense are they?
  • Whats the difference between the verbs in red
    and the simple past forms in black?

14
Answers
  • The verbs in red are in the Past Continuous
    tense.
  • We use the Past Continuous to describe an action
    in progress at a specific moment in the past
    whereas we use the Past Simple to talk about
    finished actions in the past.

15
Language Focus 1
  • Look at these two sentences and say what is the
    difference in meaning
  • When my friend arrived, we had dinner.
  • When my friend arrived, we were having dinner.

16
Answers
  • In sentence 1 we had dinner after my friend
    arrived.
  • In sentence 2 we were in the middle of dinner
    when my friend arrived.

17
Now match sentences 12 with two suitable
timelines. One is not suitable here
  • When my friend arrived, we had dinner.
  • When my friend arrived, we were having dinner.
  • 1.
  • past
  • 2.
  • past

3. past
18
Answers
  • Sentence 1 timeline 2
  • Sentence 2 timeline 1
  • Why is timeline 3 not suitable here?

19
Answer
  • Because timeline 3 shows an event that occurred
    several times in the past. It can be expressed by
    the past simple or the form used to (it will be
    the topic of next lesson).

20
Watch these pictures and say what the people were
doingwhen

21
when

22
when

23
when

24
Look at this photo. What can you see? Where are
they? What are they doing?
25
Willy Ronis talks about his most famous photo.
Read what the photographer says and check your
answers.
  • It was March 1957 and I was taking photographs
    in Paris. One afternoon I went up the Bastille
    and I saw two lovers on a balcony. They were
    standing very near each other. They were talking.
    I took just one photo and they didnt hear me. I
    called it Lovers at the Bastille. Luckily for me
    this photo became very popular in France. Soon
    posters and postcards with my picture of the two
    lovers were everywhere. But I never knew who the
    two young people were. They never contacted me.
  • 30 years later I had an exhibition of my photos
    in Paris. I was talking to some friends when
    suddenly a man came up to me and said I know
    your two lovers. They live near me. I can take
    you there if you want.
  • I immediately decided to go and meet them. This
    was their story.

26
Now answer two more questions
  • What happened to the photo?
  • What happened 30 years later?

27
Answers
  • It became very popular in France and it was seen
    everywhere on postcards and posters for many
    years.
  • The photographer met a person who knew the two
    lovers and decided to get to know them.

28
Now listen to Marinette and Henri talking about
their photo and answer this question
  • Are they still in love?

29
Now listen again and and decide if the sentences
are True (T) or False (F)
  • They always knew that their photo was famous.
  • Marinette saw the book with their photo in a
    bookshop.
  • When the photographer took the photo they were
    laughing.
  • Marinette wanted Henri to stand near her.
  • They didnt know that the photographer was taking
    a photo of them.
  • Henri was trying to kiss Marinette.
  • Henri thinks they were arguing about their
    wedding.
  • They got married a year after the photo was
    taken.
  • Marinette and Henri work together every day.
  • She says that she and Henri are very similar.

30
Answers
  • They always knew that their photo was famous. F
  • Marinette saw the book with their photo in a
    bookshop. F
  • When the photographer took the photo they were
    laughing. F
  • Marinette wanted Henri to stand near her. F
  • They didnt know that the photographer was taking
    a photo of them. T
  • Henri was trying to kiss Marinette. T
  • Henri thinks they were arguing about their
    wedding. T
  • They got married a year after the photo was
    taken. F
  • Marinette and Henri work together every day. T
  • She says that she and Henri are very similar. F

31
Language focus 2Complete the rules by filling in
the gaps with a suitable wordWe form the Past
Continuous with the _____ ______ of the verb
_____ and the _____ form of the main verb.In
negative sentences we use ________ or
_______.In questions we use ______ or ______
Subject _____ form of the main verb (no
_____!!)

While or When? We use _______ Past _______ to
talk about smth. that was __________ at the time
smth. else happened/interrupted it. We use
______ Past ______ to describe two things which
happened one after the other.
32
Answers
  • We form the Past Continuous with the PAST
    SIMPLE of the verb BE and the - ING form of
    the main verb.In negative sentences we use WAS
    NOT (WASNT) or WERE NOT (WERENT).In questions
    we use WAS or WERE Subject -ING form of
    the main verb (not DID!!)
  • While or
    When?
  • We use WHILE PAST CONTINUOUS to talk about
    smth. that was IN PROGRESS at the time smth. else
    happened/interrupted it.
  • We use WHEN PAST SIMPLE to describe two things
    which happened one after the other.

33
Further reflection on topic language
  • You can find explanations and further practice on
    Past Continuous in Working with Grammar Gold
    (Longman) Unit 10 The past (from 10.5 to
    10.6)
  • You can also find lots of practice on the
    following websites
  • www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_past-conti
    nuous.htm
  • http//www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepastcont.h
    tm
  • You can find info on Harry Bensons life, career
    and his photos on www.digitaljournalist.org
    entering the name Harry Benson in the search box.
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