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Punic Wars

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PPunic = Punicus = Phoenicians FIRST PUNIC WAR CCarthage already had people on the island, but Rome wanted to invade and take over. RRome did not have a good navy, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Punic Wars


1
PUNIC WARS
The Story of How Rome Expanded 264-146 BC
2
EMPIRES PRIOR TO THE WARS
3
FIRST PUNIC WAR
  • TThe war was fought because both Rome and
    Carthage wanted the island of Sicily.
  • PPunic Punicus Phoenicians

4
FIRST PUNIC WAR
  • CCarthage already had people on the island, but
    Rome wanted to invade and take over.
  • RRome did not have a good navy, but needed one to
    fight the Carthaginians.
  • TThe war lasted for 20 years, until Rome crushed
    Carthage.

5
What is the difference between the two pictures?
Why do you think it took more than 20 years for
the First Punic War to end?
6
SECOND PUNIC WAR
  • CCarthage had extended its empire into southern
    Spain. This caused unrest in Romewhy?!
  • TTo ease Roman tension, the Roman government
    helped Spanish rebels fight back against the
    Carthaginians.
  • TTo get back at Rome, Carthage sent their most
    famous, best general to attack Rome

7
HANNIBAL!
  • Took an army of
  • around 50,000 men.
  • 6,000 horsemen.
  • 37 elephants.
  • and crossed the Alps to reach Rome!
  • Hannibal suffered large losses while crossing the
    mountains during winter to reach Rome! Almost
    half of the soldiers died and most of the
    elephants.

8
SECOND PUNIC WAR
  • HHannibal finally reaches Rome.
  • HHe meets a Roman army of close to 200,000 men.
  • TThe first major battle is at Cannae.

9
BATTLE OF CANNAE
  • HHannibal wins!
  • HHannibal terrorizes Italy for almost 15 years
    while Rome tries everything they can to defeat
    him.
  • RRome devises a plan to get Hannibal out of Italy

10
SECOND PUNIC WAR
  • SScipio Africanus, a Roman general, leads a large
    Roman legion into Carthage.
  • HHannibal knows he must return home
  • WWhat would you do if you was Hannibal?

11
BATTLE OF ZAMA
  • SScipio wins! Carthage must give up Spain, their
    navy, and give Rome a lot of gold.
  • RRome gets more land and Carthage is no longer a
    threat.

12
THIRD PUNIC WAR
  • WWhat do you do with someone that you have been
    fighting for almost 100 years already?
  • TThey are already weak because you have beaten
    them twice before.
  • YYou are a Roman consulwhat do you try to
    persuade to the Senate? Attack and conquer, or
    work with Carthage.

13
ROME CONQUERS!
  • RRome leads an army into Carthage and
  • T- Takes 50,000 men, women, and children as
    slaves.
  • B- Burns Carthage to the ground.
  • P- Pours salt all over their fields.
  • Fand finally
  • Rome becomes the largest empire in the world at
    that time.

14
ROMAN EMPIRE AFTER THE PUNIC WARS 264-146 BC
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_empire
  • WWatch how the Roman empire grows by using the
    link abovethe numbers in the bottom corner
    represent the time.
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