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American Imperialism

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Volunteer Calvary under command of Wood and Teddy Roosevelt Real History v. Idealized History Philippines After the War Filipinos fight Americans for 3 years Freedom ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Imperialism


1
American Imperialism
  • The Spanish-American War

2
Cubas Role
  • 1898 Cuba a colony of Spain
  • 1868-1898 Cubans revolt
  • Spanish used harsh tactics (concentration camps,
    etc.)
  • 200,000 Cubans killed
  • Why did some Americans support Spanish control of
    Cuba, while others sympathized with the rebels?

3
Americas Role
  • Americans sympathetic to Cuba
  • Yellow Journalists told gruesome stories about
    Cuba
  • William Randolph Hearst most famous owner of a
    yellow journalism paper

4
Newspapers form and express public opinion.
They suggest and control legislation. They
declare wars. They punish criminals. The
newspapers control the nation . . .
5
Hearsts Role
I have been through one war. I have seen the
dead piled up, and I do not want to see another.
  • Pushed for US intervention in his newspaper, the
    New York Journal
  • President McKinley resisted

6
Spains Role
  • February 1898, The Journal publishes the De Lôme
    Letter
  • Spanish letter, intercepted by Cuban spy, sold to
    Hearst
  • Called McKinley weak.
  • Americans outraged

7
Story of the USS Maine
8
The USS Maines Role
  • Feb. 15th, the Maine exploded
  • Killed 260 sailors
  • Journal Headline DESTRUCTION OF THE WAR SHIP
    MAINE WAS THE WORK OF AN ENEMY!

9
What was the opinion of other papers?
Where Is The Headline???
Oh! THERE it is!
10
The Fighting Begins
  • Public pro-war
  • McKinley asks Congress to declare war
  • America attacks Spain at the Philippine Islands,
    2000 miles away
  • Spains ships easily defeated
  • Filipino patriots took the Spanish surrender

11
Fighting in Cuba
  • US unprepared for land battles
  • 5400 Americans killed 5000 from disease and
    food poisoning
  • July 1898, Spain surrendered
  • Who were the Rough Riders?
  • Volunteer Calvary under command of Wood and Teddy
    Roosevelt

12
Real History v. Idealized History
13
Philippines After the War
  • Filipinos fight Americans for 3 years
  • Freedom fighters crushed in 1902
  • Congress passes Philippine Government Act
    giving US control of government
  • Not revoked until 1946

14
Cuba After the War
  • US wanted to protect business investments
  • Set up a military government
  • Would remove troops only if Cuba accepted the
    Platt Amendment
  • Limited Cuban sovereignty could not make
    treaties and let US oversee its affairs
  • Required US leases on land for military purposes
  • Created a protectorate until 1934

15
Treaty of Paris
  • Lots of debate in US
  • Did US have the right to annex the Philippines?
  • President McKinley that there was nothing left
    for us to do but to take then all the Philippine
    Islands and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift
    and Christianize them.
  • What was the problem with this? Most Filipinos
    had been Christian for years!

16
The US Empire
  • Guam
  • Puerto Rico
  • Philippines
  • Now, how and when would the US add to its empire?
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