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Module 6: Case Report Form (Chart Abstraction)

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Module 6: Case Report Form (Chart Abstraction) This training session contains information regarding: Overview the CRF Highlights of certain points of data collection ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Module 6: Case Report Form (Chart Abstraction)


1
Module 6 Case Report Form (Chart Abstraction)
2
This training session contains information
regarding
  • Overview the CRF
  • Highlights of certain points of data collection
    from the medical record

3
At this point you have done the following
Identified Eligible Respondents Obtained
Consent Enrolled Respondents Administered the ACP
Questionnaire
Next you will need to collect data from the
medical record into the Case Report Form
Completion (i.e. Chart Abstraction)
4
Identifying Respondents
  • In order for the site to be able to access the
    relevant medical record, they will need to know
    the unique, hospital assigned, medical record
    number. We recommend keeping an identification
    list. You can find a template on the study
    website.

5
What is a CRF?
  • Official clinical data collection document
  • Data abstracted from medical charts
  • Allows for efficient and complete data
    processing, analysis and reporting
  • Study questions determine what data should be
    collected on the CRF

6
CRF Worksheets
  • A tool to facilitate chart abstraction

Instructions
Worksheet
7
Tips for Completing Chart Abstraction
  • Understand what kinds of data you are looking for
  • Orient yourself to the various sections of your
    local medical charts
  • Paper
  • Electronic
  • Determine any local standards used to document
    ACP/AD
  • Be clear on how information is recorded (e.g.
    abbreviations, dose units, etc)

8
Tips for Completing Chart Abstraction cont
  • Sometimes there are several sources for the same
    information.
  • The best thing to do is be consistent.
  • Example
  • Hospital Admission Date/Time
  • Arrival note listed on ambulance record
  • The first entry in the ED notes
  • Date/time logged in the hospital computer system

9
Types of CRF Data
Comprehensive instructions are available in the
CRF Worksheets. The following slides are meant
to highlight the types of data collection
required.
10
Comorbidities
  • Patient characteristics that affect outcomes
  • Medical Chart sources of info
  • Admission notes, ED assessments, previous
    admission notes
  • Progress notes
  • Discharge Summary
  • Collect only those that appear on the CRF, record
    them by
  • Body system
  • Illness/condition

CRF pg. 4-5
11
Vasopressors/Inotropes
  • From the current hospitalization
  • Usually only administered in the ICU or step-down
    units.
  • Record any instance where an infusion is given
    for gt 30 mins
  • Dont count boluses
  • Record start and stop dates

CRF pg. 6-7
12
Consultations
  • List all consultations that were ordered during
    this hospital stay
  • RACE (Rapid Assessment of Critical Event) Team or
    Code 66 or Code Blue
  • Critical Care or Critical Care Outreach
  • Home Care/Transition Services
  • Social Work
  • Spiritual Care
  • Palliative Team
  • Palliative Home Care
  • Geriatrics Team

CRF pg. 8-9
13
Dialysis
  • Current hospitalization, new onset of acute renal
    failure requiring any form of dialysis
  • Start and stop date for dialysis

CRF pg. 10-11
14
Percutaneous Feeding Tube
  • Percutaneous feeding tubes are those inserted
    through the skin and into the stomach or
    intestine.
  • If nasoenteric or nasogastric do not record here
  • Indicate whether the patient arrived at the
    institution with a percutaneous feeding tube
    already in place (removal date)
  • Indicate if the patient ever had a percutaneous
    feeding tube inserted during the current
    hospitalization (insertion removal dates)

CRF pg. 10-11
15
Mechanical Ventilation
  • Record if the patient received any ventilation
    (non-invasive and/or invasive support) throughout
    the entire hospital admission
  • Non-Invasive ventilation refers to all modalities
    of ventilation that assist with breathing without
    the use of an endotracheal tube. (BI-PAP, nasal
    or mask ventilation, mask CPAP)
  • Invasive mechanical ventilation refers to any
    mode of intermittent positive pressure delivered
    via an oral/nasal tracheal tube or tracheostomy
    with or without positive end expiratory pressure
    and high frequency jet ventilation or
    oscillation.
  • Nasal prongs, facemask or supplementation O2 are
    NOT considered ventilation since the patient
    still breathes spontaneously.

CRF pg. 12-13
16
Mechanical Ventilation cont
  • Record start and stop date/time for each episode
  • If stopped for gt 48 hrs, then restarted,
    considered it a new episode
  • Use actual start date (ED, OR, etc), if
    initiated externally (i.e. referring hospital)
    then enter the start date/time as hospital
    admission

17
Mechanical Ventilation cont
  • MV stop is when patient is off gt 48 continuous
    hrs
  • intubated or breathing through a t-tube OR
  • tracheostomy mask breathing OR
  • CPAP 5cmH2O without pressure support or
    intermittent mandatory ventilation assistance
  • If transferred out of hospital while vented, stop
    date is hospital discharge date/time

18
CPR Use in Hospital
  • CPR is defined as at least any one of the
    following occurs
  • Chest compressions
  • Defibrillation
  • Intubation (if not already intubated).
  • Enter each episode separately
  • If CPR was used multiple times in a day, please
    document it only once.

CRF pg. 14-15
19
Goals of Care Discussions
  • Document any goals of care discussions from the
    current hospitalization

CRF pg. 16-19
20
Goals of Care Discussions
  • Each instance in chronological order
  • Did the patient have an existing GoC in the
    medical chart upon admission to hospital?
  • Yes ? Record the GoC designation
  • Record all instances of GoC discussions from the
    current hospitalization
  • Date of GoC discussion
  • Where did it occur (e.g. ER)
  • Date of GoC order written
  • GoC decision made

21
Goals of Care Decision Made
  • Use the most appropriate GoC designation system
    presented
  • No decision made
  • Decision made
  • No change from previous
  • Change from previous
  • Alberta
  • BC DNAR
  • BC MOST
  • All other regions

22
GoC All other regions options
  • Goals of care designation All other regions
  • The coordinator should use their own judgment
    when determining how locally documented
    designations translate into the options available
    on the CRF
  • 1 Use machines keeping me alive at all costs.
  • 2 Use machines keeping me alive no
    resuscitation.
  • 3 Use machines only in the short term
  • 4 Use full medical care
  • 5 Use comfort measures only
  • 6 Unsure, documentation unclear
  • 7 no documentation
  • 8 Other

23
Processes of CareUpon Hospital Admission
  • Upon hospital admission 1 day
  • Orders written to WITHHOLD LSTs
  • Ventilation
  • Vasopressors
  • Dialysis
  • CPR
  • WITHHOLDING LSTs the patient is NOT currently
    receiving the applicable life sustaining
    therapy(ies) and then an order is written to
    never start the therapy or re-start it.

CRF pg. 20-21
24
Upon Hospital Admission cont
  • Enter the date the order was written.
  • If there are instances where multiple changes of
    process of care orders are documented regarding
    withholding care please collect the first order
    date written to withhold therapy.
  • Withholding dialysis may not be written in the
    doctors orders, it might be captured in the
    progress notes. If this is the case then please
    use the date the note was written.

25
Upon Hospital Admission cont
  • Upon hospital admission 1 day
  • Orders written to WITHDRAW LSTs
  • Ventilation
  • Vasopressors
  • Dialysis
  • WITHDRAWING LSTs is defined as currently
    receiving any life sustaining therapy(ies) and
    then an order is written to stop it for patients
    whose outcome is not favourable.
  • Enter the date the order was written

26
Upon Hospital Admission cont
  • End of life scenario, this does not apply for
    orders written for stopping normal every day
    treatment when no longer needed.
  • NO escalation of care orders
  • Receiving LSTs ? no escalation Withholding
  • Receiving LSTs ? comfort measures Withdrawing
  • Not receiving LSTs ? no escalation Withholding

27
Process of CareDuring Hospitalization
  • After Admission orders Discharge/Death
  • Orders written to WITHHOLD LSTs
  • Orders written to WITHDRAW LSTs

CRF pg. 22-23
28
Index Hospital Overview
  • Index hospitalization Enter the date and time
    the patient was admitted to hospital
  • initial presentation to ED or hospital ward
    (earliest)
  • Document all ICU and Step Down admission and
    discharge dates/times chronologically for the
    entire hospital stay
  • If patient dies in hospital, date/time of death
    discharge

CRF pg. 24-25
29
Hospital Discharge
  • For patients who are discharged to a
    Rehabilitation ward within the institution, the
    date/time patient is discharged from the hospital
    to the Rehabilitation ward hospital discharge
  • Indicate where the patient was discharged
  • Home
  • Retirement Residence
  • Long Term Care or Nursing Home
  • Rehabilitation Facility
  • Ward in another hospital
  • If still in hospital at Day 90, check the
    appropriate box.

30
Entering Data into REDCap
  • Once you have
  • Administered the ACP questionnaire(s)
  • Collected the CRF data
  • Degree of system implementation
  • Proceed to enter the data into REDCap.
  • See Module 7 for instructions.

31
Training Module 6 Complete
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