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Risk Management Department

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Back & Lifting Safety Types of Back Injuries Many of the problems that cause back pain are the result of injury and ... Risk Managment Created Date: 9/22 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Risk Management Department


1
Risk Management Department
  • Back Lifting
  • Safety
  • April, 2008

2
Back Lifting Safety
  • Introduction
  • According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
    more than one million workers suffer back
    injuries each year, and back injuries account for
    one of every five workplace injuries or
    illnesses.
  • Further, one-fourth of all workers compensation
    indemnity claims involve back injuries, costing
    employers billions of dollars.

3
Back Lifting Safety
  • Introduction
  • Back injuries are exceedingly painful. They are
    difficult to heal, and they negatively affect
    everything a person does.
  • After you have experienced one back injury, you
    are much more likely to experience another one
    sometime during your lifetime. It is important to
    learn techniques and procedures that may help you
    prevent a reoccurrence.

4
Back Lifting Safety
  • Introduction
  • If, on the other hand, you are lucky enough to
    have never injured your back, you can do yourself
    a big favor by learning how to prevent one in the
    future. By learning proper lifting techniques and
    the basics of back safety, you may be able to
    save yourself a lot of pain.... and a lifetime of
    back problems.

5
Back Lifting Safety
  • Introduction
  • In this training we will cover
  • Anatomy of the back
  • Types of back Injuries
  • Causes of back injuries
  • How to prevent back injuries

6
Back Lifting Safety
  • Anatomy of the Back
  • In order to understand why back injuries are so
    common, you have to understand a little bit about
    the anatomy of the back and the physical forces
    that come into play.

7
Back Lifting Safety
  • Anatomy of the Back
  • The Spine
  • The human spine (or backbone) is made up of small
    bones called vertebrae.
  • The vertebrae are stacked on top of each
  • other to form a column. Between each
  • vertebra is a cushion known as a disc.
  • The vertebrae are held together by
  • ligaments, and muscles are attached
  • to the vertebrae by bands of tissue
  • called tendons.

8
Back Lifting Safety
  • Anatomy of the Back
  • The Spine
  • The lower part of the back holds most of the
    body's weight. Even a minor problem with the
    bones, muscles, ligaments, or tendons in this
    area can cause pain when a person stands, bends,
    or moves around.
  • Less often, a problem with a disc can pinch or
  • irritate a nerve from the spinal cord, causing
    pain
  • that runs down the leg below the knee, called
  • sciatica. Every time you bend or move, these
    disks
  • compress with the motion of the spine.

9
Back Lifting Safety
  • Types of Back Injuries
  • If you don't protect your back, you may end up
    with some excruciatingly painful spinal injuries,
    unpleasant things like...
  • Herniated discs
  • Degenerative disc diseaase
  • Tears in the annulus
  • Collapsed discs
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Stretched or torn ligaments

10
Back Lifting Safety
  • Types of Back Injuries
  • Every time you bend over, lift a heavy object, or
    sit leaning forward, you put stress on the
    components of your back and spine. Over time,
    they can start to wear out and become damaged.

11
Back Lifting Safety
  • Types of Back Injuries
  • Many of the problems that cause back pain are the
    result of injury and degeneration of the
    intervertebral disc.
  • Degeneration is a process where wear and tear
    causes deterioration, like when your favorite
    jeans get old. The disk is subjected to different
    types of stress as we use our backs each day.

12
Back Lifting Safety
  • Types of Back Injuries
  • Eventually, disks can collapse or herniate
    vertebrae can shift bone spurs can develop.
  • Acute or immediate injuries to the back can be
    caused by tearing or straining ligaments and
    muscles. Muscles can also spasm due to stress or
    tension.

13
Back Lifting Safety
  • Types of Back Injuries
  • Contributing Factors
  • Some things may contribute to your risk of
    injuring your back
  • Poor physical condition
  • Poor posture
  • Extra weight
  • Stress
  • Overdoing it

14
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Many back injuries cannot be attributed to a
    single causal factor in other words, they tend
    to be the result of cumulative damage suffered
    over a long period of time. However, certain
    actions, motions, and movements are more likely
    to cause and contribute to back injuries than
    others.

15
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Anytime you find yourself doing one of these
    things, you should think DANGER! My back is at
    risk!
  • Heavy lifting
  • Twisting at the waist while lifting or holding a
    heavy load
  • Lifting or carrying objects with awkward or odd
    shapes
  • Working in awkward, uncomfortable positions
  • Sitting or standing too long in one position
  • Slipping on a wet floor or ice

16
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Heavy lifting
  • ...especially repetitive lifting over a long
    period of time....

17
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Twisting at the waist while lifting or holding a
    heavy load
  • (This frequently happens when using a shovel.)

18
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Reaching and lifting
  • ...over your head, across a table, or out the
    back of a truck...

19
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Lifting or carrying objects with awkward or odd
    shapes

20
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Working in awkward, uncomfortable positions
  • ...gardening, kneeling, tasks that require you
    to bend over for long periods of time...

21
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • Sitting or standing too long in one
    position(Sitting can be very hard on the lower
    back.)

22
Back Lifting Safety
  • Common Causes of Back Injuries
  • It is also possible to injure your back
    slipping on a wet floor or ice.

23
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • The best way to prevent back injuries is to
    develop habits that reduce the strain placed on
    the back. There are some basic things you can be
    aware of to help.

24
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Avoid Lifting and Bending Whenever You Can
  • Anytime you can spare your back the stress and
    strain of lifting and bending, do so! If you
    don't use your back like a lever, you avoid
    putting it under so much potentially damaging
    force.
  • Place objects up off the floor. If you can set
    something down on a table or other elevated
    surface instead of on the floor, do it so you
    won't have to reach down to pick it up again.

25
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Avoid Lifting and Bending Whenever You Can
  • Raise / lower shelves. The best zone for lifting
    is between your shoulders and your waist. Put
    heavier objects on shelves at waist level,
    lighter objects on lower or higher shelves.
  • Use carts and dollys to move objects, instead of
    carrying them yourself.

26
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Use Proper Lifting Procedures
  • You can't always avoid lifting, but there are
    ways to reduce the amount of pressure placed on
    the back when you do so. By bending the knees,
    you keep your spine in a better alignment, and
    you essentially take away the lever principle
    forces. Instead of using your back like a crane,
    let your legs do the work.

27
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Follow this process for safe lifting
  • 1. Take a balanced stance with your feet about a
    shoulder-width apart. One foot can be behind the
    object and the other next to it.
  • 2. Squat down to lift the object, but keep your
    heels off the floor. Get as close to the object
    as you can.
  • 3. Use your palms (not just your fingers) to get
    a secure grip on the load. Make sure you'll be
    able to maintain a hold on the object without
    switching the grip later.

28
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Follow this process for safe lifting
  • 4. Lift gradually (without jerking) using your
    leg, abdominal and buttock muscles and keeping
    the load as close to you as possible. Keep your
    chin tucked in so as to keep a relatively
    straight back and neck line.
  • 5. Once you're standing, change directions by
    pointing your feet in the direction you want to
    go and turning your whole body. Avoid twisting at
    your waist while carrying a load.
  • 6. When you put a load down, use these
  • same guidelines in reverse.

29
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Also follow these lifting tips
  • Reduce the amount of weight lifted. If you're
    moving a bunch of books, better to load several
    small boxes than one extremely heavy load.
  • Use handles and lifting straps.
  • Get help if the shape is too awkward or the
    object is too heavy for you to lift and move by
    yourself!

30
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Body Management
  • It's important to know your body's limitations,
    and it's important to be aware of your body
    position at all times. Learn to recognize those
    situations where your back is most a risk
    bending, lifting, reaching, twisting, etc. Then
    take measures to avoid an injury.

31
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Body Management
  • Stretch first - If you know that you're going to
    be doing work that might be hard on your back,
    take the time to stretch your muscles before
    starting, just like a professional athlete would
    do before a workout. This will help you avoid
    painful strains and sprains.
  • Slow down - If you're doing a lot of heavy,
    repetitive lifting, take it slowly if you can.
    Allow yourself more recovery time between lifts,
    as well. Don't overdo it.

32
Back Lifting Safety
  • How to Prevent Back Injuries
  • Body Management
  • Rest your back - Take frequent, short (micro)
    breaks. Stretch. If you've ever been working in
    an awkward position for a long time, then stood
    up and felt stiff and sore, you know you've been
    in that position too long, and your body is now
    protesting. Taking a one minute stretch break
    every now and then can help you avoid that.
  • Get in shape - Strengthen your stomach muscles,
    lose a little weight, increase your flexibility.

33
Back Lifting Safety
  • You are finished!
  • You have finished the Back and Lifting Safety
    training.
  • Download the quiz from the Risk Management
    websites training page.
  • Print the form and be sure to write your name,
    location and employee number in the spaces
    provided.
  • Complete the ten questions and have your
    supervisor send it to the Risk Management office
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