Anti-Transcendentalism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 13
About This Presentation
Title:

Anti-Transcendentalism

Description:

Anti-Transcendentalism Herman Melville Nathaniel Hawthorne Shiloh: a Requiem Herman Melville Title Connotation/Denotation Initial Response Vocabulary Paraphrase ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:171
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: Harma
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Anti-Transcendentalism


1
Anti-Transcendentalism
  • Herman Melville
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne

2
Reasons / Causes
  • Opposed the optimism and naïve idealism of the
    transcendentalists
  • Dwelt on guilt and remorse over past sins
  • Discontented with current circumstances in America

3
Key ideas / Philosophies
  • Belief in the potential destructiveness of the
    human spirit
  • Belief in individual truths, but no universal
    truths, and the truths of existence are deceitful
    and disturbing
  • Human nature is inherently sinful (original sin)
    and evil is an active force in the universe
  • Focus on the mans uncertainty and limitations in
    the universe

4
View of Nature
  • Nature is vast and incomprehensible, a reflection
    of the struggle between good and evil
  • Nature is the creation and possession of God and
    it cannot be understood by human beings

5
Writing Style
  • Man vs. Nature conflicts bring out the evil in
    humanity
  • Raw and morbid diction
  • Focus on the protagonists inner struggles
  • Typical protagonists are haunted outsiders who
    are alienated from society
  • Prevalent use of symbolism

6
Shiloh a RequiemHerman Melville
  • Title Connotation/Denotation
  • Initial Response
  • Vocabulary
  • Paraphrase
  • Speaker
  • Tone
  • Techniques (3)/Meaning/Significance
  • Theme/Thesis Sentence
  • How does Melvilles poem reflect
    anti-transcendental ideas?

7
Melville, cont.
  • Using profits from first three novels, buys a
    farm called Arrowhead near Pittsfield, MA.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne lived near by and the two
    became close friends
  • With encouragement from Hawthorne and a renewed
    study of Shakespeare, Melville begins work on his
    lifes workMoby Dick
  • When first published, it was a flop and caused
    Melville to drop into a deep depression
  • d. 1891, both unappreciated and unnoticed

8
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • b. 1804 in Salem, MA, a descendent of a prominent
    Puritan family
  • One of his ancestors was a prominent judge in the
    Salem Witch Trials
  • His personal character and writing were shaped by
    a sense of inherited guilt
  • He was haunted by the intolerance and cruelty of
    his ancestors

9
Shiloh a RequiemHerman Melville
  • Title Connotation/Denotation
  • Initial Response
  • Vocabulary
  • Paraphrase
  • Techniques
  • Theme
  • How does Melville poem reflect
    anti-transcendental ideas?

10
Hawthorne, cont.
  • Moved onto Brook Farm and became a part of the
    Transcendentalist Society
  • Became friends with Emerson and Thoreau, but
    their vastly different spiritual philosophies
    kept disallowed deeper friendship
  • Published his most famous work, The Scarlet
    Letter, in 1850 and it was an instant classic
  • His college friend, Franklin Pierce, was elected
    President and appointed him as American consul at
    Liverpool, England.
  • d. 1864 in his sleep

11
Herman Melville
  • b.1819 in NYC father was a wealthy merchant
  • Father died when he was 2 years old
  • Ultimately forced to quit school and worked as a
    clerk, farmhand, and teacher to support family
  • At 19 became a sailor and worked on whaling ships
    exploring the South Pacific for many years
  • Began writing soon after this

12
Melville, cont.
  • Using profits from first three novels, buys a
    farm called Arrowhead near Pittsfield, MA.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne lived near by and the two
    became close friends
  • With encouragement from Hawthorne and a renewed
    study of Shakespeare, Melville begins work on his
    lifes workMoby Dick
  • When first published, it was a flop and caused
    Melville to drop into a deep depression
  • d. 1891, both unappreciated and unnoticed

13
Melville, cont.
  • Melville harshly criticized capitalism,
    slavery, war and imperialism, but he showed
    passionate empathy for classes of men who bear
    the same relation to society at large that the
    wheels do to a coach.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com