ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS

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CELLS The building blocks of all living things. Only visible with a microscope! PLANT and ANIMAL CELL Pictures: CELL WALL Rigid, tough, made of cellulose Protects ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS


1
ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS
  • CELLS The building blocks of all living things.
  • Only visible with a microscope!

2
PLANT and ANIMAL CELL
  • Pictures

3
CELL WALL
  • Rigid, tough, made of cellulose
  • Protects and supports the cell
  • PLANT
  • Picture

4
CELL MEMBRANE
  • Pictures
  • Plant
  • Cell
  • Animal Cell
  • Thin, covering, protects cells.
  • Protects the cell, performs active transport and
    passive transport, moves materials in and out of
    the cell.
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL

5
CYTOPLASM
  • Jelly like substance that contains organelles
  • Pads and supports organelles inside the cell.
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

6
NUCLEUS
  • Powerhouse of the Cell
  • THE BIG KAHOONA
  • Dense, ball shaped structure, contains DNA
  • Controls ALL of the cells activities
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

7
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE
  • Thin covering over the nucleus
  • Covers and protects the nucleus
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

8
NUCLEOLUS
  • Small dark area in the nucleus
  • Produces ribosomes
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

9
CHROMATIN
  • In the nucleus, made of DNA and protein, contains
    genes
  • Provides instructions for the cells activities,
    (growth, reproduction)
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

10
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)
  • Clear, tubular system of tunnels throughout the
    cell
  • Transports materials like proteins around the
    cell
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Smooth ER
  • Rough ER Difference Contains Ribosomes (Dots
    on Rough ER)

11
RIBOSOMES
  • Small specks made of RNA. Found in cytoplasm or
    on the rough endoplasmic reticulum
  • Makes proteins
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

12
MIGHTY MITOCHONDRIA
  • Location in the cytoplasm, bean shaped
  • Supplies energy or ATP for the cell through cell
    respiration using glucose and oxygen
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

13
VACUOLE
  • Large open storage area, smaller in animal cells
  • Storage tank for food, water, wastes or enzymes
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture
  • In Plant Cell
  • In Animal Cell

14
CHLOROPLAST
  • Green structures that contain chlorophyll
  • Captures sunlight and uses it to produce food
    through Photosynthesis
  • What is Photosynthesis?
  • PLANT
  • Picture

15
GOLGI BODY
  • Small bags with tubes connecting them
  • Packages proteins for use in and out of the cell
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture

16
LYSOSOME
  • Small, round structures, containing enzymes
  • Digests older cell parts, food or other objects
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL
  • Picture
  • In Plant Cell
  • In Animal Cell

17
CYTOSKELETON
  • Picture
  • Magnified
  • A web of proteins
  • Acts as both a muscle and a skeleton
  • Keeps the cells membrane from collapsing.
  • PLANT AND ANIMAL

18
KNOW YOUR CELL ORGANELLES!
  • Stem Cells
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