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Protestant Reformation 1517

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Protestant Reformation 1517 Renaissance's effect People began to question their lives and authority What had become the biggest authority figure of the Middle Ages? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Protestant Reformation 1517


1
Protestant Reformation 1517
2
Renaissance's effect
  • People began to question their lives and authority

3
What had become the biggest authority figure of
the Middle Ages?
4
Martin Luther- 1517
  • German monk
  • Questioned Churches practices
  • Sale of indulgences by Johann Tetzel? building a
    church
  • selling forgiveness for sins
  • Automatic trip to heaven in after-life

5
95 Theses
  • Luther was so upset at church he decided to write
    down the 95 Theses (95 things church is doing
    wrong) and nails them to the church in Wittenberg
    (Germany)

6
How did this become such a big deal?
  • effect of the printing press spread ideas faster
  • Opened peoples eyes to church malpractices

7
Martin Luther
  • Faith Alone will save you
  • All should read the Bible in their own vernacular
    (language)
  • Priests do not have special powers
  • Simplify the sacraments to baptism and communion
  • Religious Education for all.

8
How will people react?
  • Peasant Revolt around Europe
  • How will the church react?

9
Churchs Reaction
  • Want Martin Luther to recant (take back) what he
    said _at_ Diet of Worms
  • Diet group/assembly
  • Worms is a place in Germany

10
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11
Luther says NO!!!!!!!!!! Hier stehe ich. Ich
kann nicht anders. Gott helfe mir. Amen." ("Here
I stand. I can do nothing else. God help me.
Amen.")
He is excommunicated from church and forced into
hiding for the rest of his life
12
What is the results of Luthers actions?
  • Opened peoples eyes to corruption of the church
  • soon others began to create new churches away
    from the Roman Catholic Church based on own
    beliefs ex John Calvin-- Calvinism
  • Ex. Protestant, Lutheran, Baptists, Puritans,
    Methodists, Calvinists, and so on.

13
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14
John Calvin - Calvinism
  • French lawyer - moved to religious community in
    Geneva, Switzerland
  • Faith Alone saves you
  • The Bible holds the truth
  • Religious Education
  • PREDESTINATION - God has already decided who is
    saved/condemned.

15
Calvinism
  • Spreads to France, Germany, Netherlands,
    Scandinavia, Scotland
  • Dutch Reformed,
  • Scottish Presbyterians, American Baptists,
    Puritans, from this branch.

16
Henry VIII of England
  • Wished to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry
    Anne Boleyn
  • Pope refused to grant it
  • Henry declares himself head of the Church of
    England in the Act of Supremacy 1534
  • In America we call this the Anglican Church

17
Act of Supremacy- 1534
  • The King is head of the church in England, not
    the Pope!!

18
The COUNTER-Reformation
  • Or,
  • The Catholic Church
  • Strikes Back!!

19
1545 Council of Trent
  • Met over 17 years
  • Determined what was heresy (against church
    teachings)
  • Reaffirmed what was Church teachings
  • Launched the Inquisition, and the Jesuits

20
Remember The Spanish Inquisition
21
IN SHORT, THE REFORMATION ENDED CHURCH UNITY IN
WESTERN EUROPE
22
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23
How will you remember who started the Protestant
Reformation?
  • Mr. Russells middle name is Martin
  • And his Dog is named Luther

24
Coincidence?
I think not
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