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Music of the Renaissance

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Music of the Renaissance ... in a life-like manner with an emphasis on sensuality of HUMAN body How did Renaissance composers write more rhetorical music? More ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Music of the Renaissance


1
Music of the Renaissance
  • (1450-1600)

2
Renaissance means Rebirth
3
New scientific geographical exploration
  • Copernicus
  • Columbus
  • Magellan

4
Power Shift
  • The Church (Catholic Church) loses some power
    to secular governments (Nobility of court system
    - Kings, Queens, etc.)
  • Still important patron of the arts
  • Authority challenged
  • Martin Luther (1483-1546)

5
HUMANISM
  • New intellectual movement
  • Focused on human accomplishments
  • Rediscovery of Greek and Roman books and culture
    via the Middle East

6
Resulting Changes in Art
  • Artists make art that has to do everyday HUMAN
    feelings
  • Artists look back to Greek and Roman Art
  • Ancient Greek and Roman music had a RHETORICAL
    quality
  • Meant to represent a feeling or idea
  • Ancient Greek and Roman visual art was about
    mythological subjects or real people of nobility
    these people were represented in a life-like
    manner with an emphasis on sensuality of HUMAN
    body

7
How did Renaissance composers write more
rhetorical music?
  • More life-like text rhythms
  • Word Painting
  • Literal or mimetic correspondences
  • example alone
  • Figurative or symbolic depiction (punning
    double meanings)
  • example high on the mountaintop
  • Emotional connotations
  • example (chromaticism) on pain and sorrow

8
Word Painting
  • Musical representation of specific images - for
    example, a falling melodic line ot accompany the
    word descending - often found in Renaissance and
    Baroque music

9
THOMAS WEELKES (c. 1575-1623) As Vesta Was from
Latmos Hill Descending
  • madrigal genre
  • a cappella vocal composition
  • text is a sonnet (Renaissance poem) in the
    vernacular (English)
  • sung 1 on a part in intimate setting
  • includes both imitative polyphony and homophony
  • lots of examples of text painting

10
Madrigal
  • Composition for several voices set to a short
    secular poem, usually about love, combining
    homophonic and polyphonic textures and often
    using word painting common in Renaissance music

11
A cappella (literally meansof the church in
Latin, but can refer to both sacred and secular
music)
  • Choral music without instrumental accompaniment

12
As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending She
spied a maiden Queen the same ascending, Attended
on by all the shepherdsswain To whom Dianas
darlings came running down amain First two by
two, then three by three together Leaving their
Goddess all alone, hasted thither And mingling
with the shepherds of her train, With mirthful
tunes her presence did entertain. Then sang the
shepherds and nymphs of Diana Long live fair
Oriana!
13
JOHN WARD (English Renaissance Madrigalist)
  • Upon a bank with roses set about

14
Upon a bank with roses set about, Where pretty
turtles joining bill to bill And gentle springs
steal softly murmuring out, Washing the foot of
pleasures sacred hill, There little Love sore
wounded lies, His bow and arrows broken, Bedewed
with tears from Venuss eyes O grevious to be
spoken.
15
JOHN FARMER (English Renaissance Madrigalist)
  • Fair Phyllis

16
Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone Feeding her
flock near to the mountain side. The shepherds
knew not wither she had gone, But after her,
her lover Amyntas hied. Up and down he wandered
while she was missing When he found her, oh,
then they fell a-kissing.
17
JOSQUIN DESPREZ (c. 1440-1521)
  • Two types of SACRED Renaissance music GENRES
  • MASS
  • MOTET
  • SACRED Renaissance music DOES NOT use Text
    Painting
  • Emphasis is on musical structure and religious
    otherworldly musical qualities

18
Motet
  • Polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text
    other than that of the mass one of the two main
    forms of sacred Renaissance music

19
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20
Musical Rhetoric
  • Refers to the emotive (causing a listener to feel
    a specific way) or persuasive (causing the
    listener to "see" a scene or "hear" a story)
    power of music
  • An example of musical rhetoric is the way a
    composer tries to "paint" a picture of a scene,
    story, or idea in the listener's mind of a
    written text, which is either sung or given to
    the listener in the form of a program.

21
FRANZ SCHUBERT - Erlköing (The Elfking)
  • Lied (leet) / Lieder (leader)
  • An art song with a German text

22
ANTONIO VIVALDI - First Movement Allegro from
La Primavera Spring, Concerto for Violin and
String Orchestra, Op. 8, No. 1 from The Four
Seasons
23
Spring has come, and joyfully, The birds greet it
with a happy song. And the streams, fanned by
gentle breezes, Flow along with a sweet
murmur. Covering the sky with a black
cloak, Thunder and lightning come to announce the
season. When these have quieted down, the little
birds Return to their enchanting song.
24
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  • Painter, sculptor, architect, engineer,
    scientist
  • A Renaissance Man
  • Emphasis on education
  • Mona Lisa
  • Real person

25
Botticelli (1445-1510)
  • The Birth of Venus (1485)
  • Mythological deity
  • Emphasis on reality sensuality of human body
  • La Primavera (1477-78)
  • Mix of real people mythological characters
  • Depiction of everyday HUMAN emotions

26
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27
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28
Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  • David (1504)
  • Biblical character
  • Real person
  • Emphasis on reality sensuality of human body

29
Raphael (1483-1520)
  • Aristotle and Plato (1511)
  • Greek and Roman influence
  • Real persons
  • The School of Athens (1511)
  • Greek and Roman influence
  • Emphasis on reality with use of perspective

30
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31
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
  • Playwright who writes about real and mythological
    persons
  • Example Romeo Juliet
  • Focuses on everyday HUMAN feelings
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