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ALD and Muscular Dystrophy

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ALD and Muscular Dystrophy Heather Vandevanter Period 2 ALD Adrenoleukodystrophy OVERVIEW Myelin (insulation around nerves) breaks down over time Nerves can t ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 9 July 2019
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Title: ALD and Muscular Dystrophy


1
ALD and Muscular Dystrophy
  • Heather Vandevanter
  • Period 2

2
ALDAdrenoleukodystrophy
  • OVERVIEW
  • Myelin (insulation around nerves) breaks down
    over time
  • Nerves cant function properly or at all w/out
    Myelin
  • Progressive disorder

3
  • WHAT CAUSES ALD? WHO GETS IT?
  • Body cant break down fat molecules which build,
    clog, and hurt nerve cells in brain/spinal cord
  • Inherited Genetic disorder linked to X (woman)
    chromosome

4
  • DO ALL ALD PATIENTS DIE?
  • 45 of cases devastating (nerves in brain are
    destroyed w/in 6 mo. to 2 yrs.)
  • 45 of cases AMN (adrenomyeloneuropathy). Like
    Multiple sclerosis, theres body damage, not
    brain
  • 10 of ALD cases start with Addisons disease and
    may slowly move to AMN (least severe)

5
  • CAN ALD BE CURED?
  • Olive oil / Low fat diet?
  • Lovastatin drug?
  • Bone Marrow Transplant?
  • Hormone replacement?

6
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
  • OVERVIEW
  • Progressive weakness / degeneration of skeletal
    muscles that control movement
  • Birth- Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
  • Adolescence- Becker Muscular Dystrophy

7
  • IS MUSCLE DYSTROPHY ALWAYS DEVASTATING?
  • Three Types
  • Duchenne Mutation in gene that regulates
    Dystrophin, or protein the maintains muscle fiber
    ( walk- 12, breath- 20)
  • Facioscapulohumeral Progresses slowly (mild ?
    disabling)
  • Myotonic Characterized by Myotonia (prolonged
    muscle spasms)
  • Can be treated w/ certain meds

8
  • CAN MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY BE CURED?
  • Like ALD, still no cure
  • Respitory/Physical Therapy for Muscles
  • Orthopedic appliances for support

9
  • THE END
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