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STRATEGIC PLAN FOR

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Title: STRATEGIC PLAN FOR


1
STRATEGIC PLAN FOR
GREEN REVOLUTION IN ORISSA
UNDER RKVY
2010-11 to 2014-2015
DIRECTORATE OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD
PRODUCTION ORISSA, BHUBANESWAR
2
OBJECTIVES
  • Create a common vision for key stakeholders
  • Design and implement a strategic framework to
    guide policy and implementation in the future
  • Address issues undermining investor confidence
    and the building of better understanding and good
    social relations
  • Ensure increased access and participation in the
    sector through well-designed empowerment
    processes and programmes
  • Combine, share and optimize the resources and
    benefits among the partners
  • Foster global competitiveness, growth and
    profitability in the sector in order to attract
    new investment
  • Ensure sustainable development
  • Build lasting partnerships among public, private
    and community stakeholders and NGOs

3
ITS VISION
To rejuvenate the farm sector with
Techno-managerial advancements to enhance the
Productivity, Profitability Sustainability of
the major farming systems in different
Agro-climatic regions, thereby attracting and
retaining educated youth in farming and
substantially improving the livelihood of the
farmers of the state.
4
STRATEGIC GOAL
To Foster
  • Equitable access to resources and production
    factors
  • Sustainable use of natural and biological
    resources
  • Sound research, science, knowledge and technology
    systems
  • Fair reward for effort, risk and innovation
  • Security of tenure for present and future
    participants
  • Market forces to direct business activity and
    resource allocation
  • A clear regulatory framework and effective
    government services
  • Policy consistency and predictability
  • Responsive partnerships between the private and
    public sector in policy formulation and service
    delivery.

5
OUTCOMES
  • Increased creation of wealth in agriculture and
    rural areas
  • Increased sustainable employment
  • Increased incomes and increased foreign exchange
    earnings
  • Reduced poverty and inequalities in land and
    enterprise ownership
  • Improved farming efficiency
  • Improved national and household food security
  • Stable and safe rural communities, reduced levels
    of crime and violence and sustained rural
    development
  • Improved investor confidence leading to increased
    domestic and
  • foreign investment in agricultural
    activities and rural areas
  • Pride and dignity in agriculture as an occupation
    and sector.

6
SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE
REGIONS
AGRO-ECONOMICAL / ECOLOGICAL
PERSPECTIVE
7
STRENGTHS
  • Favourable soil and agro-ecological condition
    suiting to grow
  • variety of crops,
  • Erstwhile Koraput district being (Secondary
    Centre of Origin) we have advantage of prevalence
    of lot of land races and bio diversity for
    breeding specific varieties viz. scented /
    suitable to puffed rice etc. / disease/insect
    free etc. cultivars.
  • Traditional expertise from time immemorial in
    growing rice especially rice-fish eating habit
  • Large demand- supply (production) gap of raw
    material, hence greater scope for horizontal
    vertical expansion in cash crops like Sugarcane

Contd
8
  • Well-developed rural connectivity favouring
    smooth cane transport.
  • Ample scope for exploitation of ground surface
    water for irrigation (natural resources
    favourable irrigation policy)
  • Assured market for crushable sugar cane
  • Wide gap between production domestic
    requirement of sugar in the state.
  • Favourable Govt. policy, restricting gur
    preparation in factory feeder zone.
  • Traditional expertise in cane cultivation, rich
    network of extension personnel and
    research-extension-farmer linkage.

9
WEAKNESSES
  • General aversion to agriculture as a livelihood
    proposition by the educated youth
  • Non-remunerative agriculture in absence of market
    intelligence, value addition and strong cohesive
    Farmers Organization and farmers lobby
  • Cumbersome and / or delayed procedure in release
    of Govt. subsidy.
  • Absence of suitable policy guidelines to include
    sharecroppers in availing investment subsidy,
    financial assistance
  • Money order economy (migrant family members),
    lack of zeal and entrepreneurship
  • Lack of awareness on water budgeting and social
    fencing
  • Diminishing extension strength and meager
    administrative budgetary support for mobility,
    traveling allowances of field functionaries

10
OPPORTUNITIES
  • Sound established network of State Agricultural
    University with RRTTS, KVKs and extension
    personnel (Departmental, Alternate extension,
    Grama Krushak Manch, private players etc.
  • Emerging business houses promoting contract
    farming under Public- Private Partnership,
    giving assured market and input support etc.
  • Favorable Govt. policy viz. New Agriculture
    Policy, Infrastructure Support

11
THREATS
  • Changing food habits and preference for wheat and
    corn based eateries.
  • Recurring natural climatic hazards in the advent
    of Climatic aberrations.
  • Mismatch in Growth in Population vis-à-vis
    growth in
  • production and productivity.
  • Over exploitation of water resources without
    proper recharging measures
  • Majority of our crops grown are rainfed and a
    successful production much depend on a well
    distributed good monsoon.
  • Increased use of high yielding, hybrid and
    genetically modified varieties of seeds replacing
    the traditional varieties - extinction of certain
    important characters as well as genetic erosion.

Contd
12
  • The genetic barrier of yield potential of HYVs is
    yet to be broken to suit our requirements.
  • The agricultural production scenario fragmented
    holding, resource poor farmers remains challenge
    in the era of globalization.
  • Entry of Corporate sectors in the marketing of
    Agriculture Produce need be rationalized so that
    the small family based traditional value addition
    units need not perish.
  • The increased pollution of land, water and air,
    which are three basic sources of plant life, may
    lead to future problems of inadequate quality
    irrigation water and poor quality of produce
    there of.
  • In view of the Global warming and changing
    climatic scenario the farmer need to be given
    more accurate, short and medium term forecasts.

13
IDENTIFICATION OF
CRITICAL ISSUES,
PROBLEMS OPPORTUNITIES
14
Biophysical
  • Frequent occurrence of natural calamities (flood,
    drought, cyclone, hailstorm etc) almost every
    year.
  • Average size of holding is only 1.3 hectare and
    maximum semi-medium holdings account for 78.5 ,
    medium 16.8 and large only 4.7.
  • Problems of absentee landlordism, tenancy and
    sharecropping impeding risk free investment.

15
Technological
  • Poor adoption of modern technology due to
    technology inappropriateness.
  • Sub-optimum variety and input management.
  • Heavy weed infestation, especially in uplands due
    to difficulty in use of agrochemicals for weed
    control.
  • Yield under most favourable environment is
    stagnating.
  • Predominantly red and yellow lateritic and
    lateritic soil with low organic matter, nitrogen,
    phosphorous and potassium content.
  • Salinization and degradation of irrigation
    system due to poor drainage and declining
    quality of irrigated land.

16
Socio-economic
  • Endemic poverty of the farmers compelling them to
    cultivate paddy with little inputs and at low
    cost, adopting traditional methods are standing
    on the ways of effective utilization of modern
    rice production technologies.
  • Low literacy of the farming community.
  • Intensification of competition for quality and
    cost in International trade.
  • Lack of farmers awareness about new varieties and
    improved technologies developed for stress
    environments.

17
Institutional
  • Non-availability of preferred seed varieties and
    other inputs to farmers in time.
  • Shortage of efficient farm labour especially in
    peak periods of operations.
  • Non-availability of funds to share croppers, poor
    and marginal farmers by landowners and rural
    banks.
  • Poor infrastructure development in the field of
    irrigation, transport, electricity, storage,
    processing and marketing

18
PROPOSED STRATEGIES
INTERVENTIONS
19
CROP RPODUCTION
Unit Lakh tones/ Lakh bales
Crop Production at the end of 10th Plan Production target to be achieved by the end of 2014-15
Rice 69.28 80.10
Other cereals 5.04 9.71
Pulses 8.66 12.57
Food grains 82.98 102.39
Oilseeds 6.00 9.57
Fibres 3.63 5.82
Sugarcane 28.36 53.20
20
Envisioned Growth Pattern in Food Grain
Production 2010-11 to 2014-2015
Sl. No. Crop Targeted Production growth () During 2010-11 to 2014-15
1 Rice 2.23
2 Pulses 13.24
3 Food grains 6.45
4 Oilseeds 3.84
21
INPUT MANAGEMENT
  • Seed
  • Fertilizer
  • Plant Protection
  • Agricultural Mechanization
  • Irrigation
  • Agricultural Extension

22
Intervention for enhanced Seed Replacement Rate
Crops Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in Targeted Seed Replacement Rate in
Crops End of 10th Plan 2009-10 (Likely) 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Paddy 6.35 18.90 21.82 23.98 24.81 26.17 27.75
Ragi 1.31 0.68 2.86 3.07 3.07 3.40 3.77
Maize 1.39 3.34 2.74 2.99 3.32 3.57 3.78
Wheat 20.66 42.09 34.57 32.53 32.80 33.07 34.13
Moong 2.15 1.11 6.28 6.37 6.53 6.69 7.02
Biri 2.42 3.20 9.54 9.32 9.51 9.71 10.07
Gram 13.05 28.56 21.65 21.70 21.75 21.80 22.00
Field pea 8.44 11.93 8.85 8.90 8.95 9.00 9.10
Arhar 2.68 2.54 1.93 2.50 2.52 2.55 2.60
Groundnut 22.89 30.68 30.92 31.01 31.21 31.35 31.50
Mustard 14.45 26.69 13.56 13.67 13.78 13.89 14.16
Sesamum 0.10 0.87 0.78 0.80 0.83 0.89 1.00
Niger 1.02 0.13 1.11 1.14 1.24 1.33 1.43
Sunflower 60.71 51.18 33.26 33.50 33.75 34.10 34.50
Jute 42.86 39.10 30.40 30.52 30.77 30.80 30.93
Cotton 3.85 61.78 4.09 4.15 4.15 4.23 4.25
23
Soil Health Management (Fertilizer)
Nutrient Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes Fertilizer (Nutrient) Consumption in 000tonnes
Nutrient End of 10th Plan 2009-10 (likely) 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Nitrogen 272.50 292.29 354.63 375.91 394.70 414.44 443.45
Phosphorous 108.32 148.58 180.91 191.77 201.35 211.42 226.22
Potash 53.94 78.46 89.19 95.54 99.27 104.24 111.54
Total (NPK) 434.73 519.33 624.73 662.22 695.33 730.10 781.21
Consumption in kg/ hect. 52 58.14 70 74 78 81 83
24
Plant Protection
  • Adoption of IPM
  • Conservation of Beneficial entities
  • Multiplication of adopted parasites

Agricultural Mechanization
  • The farm power input 2009-10 1.03 KWH/ hect.
  • Programmed for 2014-2015 - 1.20 KWH/ha

25
POSSIBLE STRATEGIES FOR
ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY
26
  • Selection and adoption of suitable Hybrid / High
    Yielding varieties (HYV) of crops pertaining to
    different agro-eco-systems.
  • Increasing irrigation potential through
    installation of Private lift irrigation points.
  • Judicious use of irrigation water by
    construction, proper maintenance and repair of
    field channels and adopting appropriate water
    management practices.
  • Adequate steps to increase the Seed Replacement
    Rate (SRR) through Seed Village and Seed Exchange
    Programme and sale of seeds in each Panchayat.
  • Improved production technologies now available
    for each of the adverse ecologies, though
    limited, need to be properly exploited.

Contd
27
  • More medium and long range weather forecasts
    should be made available.
  • Increased use of fertilizer, based on soil test
    reports, well integrated with bio-fertilizers
    micronutrients.
  • Increased farm mechanization.
  • Timely, appropriate and adequate plant protection
    measures, especially in endemic pockets by
    Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach.
  • Taking adequate ameliorative measures to reclaim
    the problematic soils.

Contd
28
  • Crop diversification from paddy to non-paddy in
    rainfed upland conditions.
  • Consolidation of land holdings for effective farm
    mechanization.
  • Promotion of export oriented Agriculture
  • Establishment of processing and storage units.
  • Ensuring minimum support price and assured market
    facilities.
  • By providing subsidized electricity to
    agriculture sector.
  • Adequate coverage of crop loss vis-à-vis
    compensation by crop insurance taking G.P/village
    as a unit.
  • Providing adequate input subsidy and crop loan at
    low interest rates.
  • Strengthening Research-Extension-Farmer-Market
    network.
  • Strengthening Infrastructure on all fronts.

29
ACTIVITY PLANS BUDGET REQUIREMENT
Sl No. Programme/ intervention Budget Estimate In Crore Rs. Budget Estimate In Crore Rs. Budget Estimate In Crore Rs. Budget Estimate In Crore Rs. Budget Estimate In Crore Rs.
Sl No. Programme/ intervention Govt. Share Farmer's Share Pvt. Prater Share Total Req. for 2010-11
1 System of Rice Intensification 816.69 816.69 596.44
2 Sugarcane Development Package for Sugar Factory Areas 514.80 57.20 572.00 99.00
3 Integrated Technological Approach for sustainable Sugarcane Cultivation 185.40 185.10 125.70
4 Bio Fertiliser Application for Sustainable Crop Production 266.30 88.77 355.07 111.43
5 Popularization of Hybrid Maize Cultivation in the State 1210.00 271.50 1481.50 1210.00
6 Management of Acid Soils 234.28 50.10 284.38 234.28
7 Capacity Building of Extension Personnel 198.06 198.06 198.06
8 e-Pest Surveillance 269.50 269.50 269.50
9 Intensification of Hybrid Sunflower Cultivation in Orissa 402.00 400.00 802.00 402.00
Total 4097.03 538.87 328.70 4964.60 3246.41
30
System of Rice Intensification
  • Objectives
  • Popularization of Resource conservation
    technology.
  • Yield Improvement in Medium land eco System.
  • Enhancement of Soil Microbial activity.
  • Strategy
  • Production Technology Demonstration in 10 acres
    of Land in
  • each G.P. involving 25 farmers
  • 200 ac. In each Block _at_ Rs. 13000/- per ac.
  • Two trainings involving 25 farmers.
  • Convergence with State Plan scheme.
  • Expected Outcome
  • Popularization of input cost reduction and
    minimum water use
  • methodology.
  • 50 Yield improvement over the average.

31
Sugarcane Development Package for Sugar Factory
Areas
  • Objectives
  • To encourage early planting
  • Area Expansion from 20000 ac. to 50000 ac.
    Productivity increase
  • from 25 MT to 40 MT per ac.
  • To ensure reduced cost of cultivation by
    modifying the planting
  • geometry.
  • Ensuring required tonnage of raw material for the
    sugar mills.
  • Strategy
  • Seed replacement with high sucrose containing
    varieties (HSV)
  • in an area of 230 ha.
  • Incentive for early planting (Nov - Dec) _at_ of Rs.
    3000 per
  • acre for 16000 ac.
  • Expected Outcome
  • Generation of 18400 MT of Quality Seed cane for
    secondary Seed
  • multiplication Programme.
  • Early Planting will ensure yield enhancement by
    10 MT per ac.

32
Integrated Technological Approach for sustainable
Sugarcane Cultivation
  • Objectives
  • Area Expansion from 20000 ac. to 50000 ac.
    Productivity increase
  • from 25 MT to 40 MT per ac.
  • To encourage early planting and area under HSV
    Sugar cane
  • To ensure reduced cost of cultivation by
    modifying the planting
  • geometry.
  • Ensuring required tonnage of raw material for the
    sugar mills.
  • Strategy
  • 30 Training cum Demonstrations for plant crop and
    ratoon crop
  • involving 50 farmers over a period of two years
  • Expected Outcome
  • 1500 trained resource farmers will be created
    benefitted
  • Additional yield increase by 60
  • Additional 45000 MT of Sugarcane will be produced

33
Bio-Fertilizer Application
  • Objectives
  • Promotion of Organic Farming
  • Reduction of Chemical residues in the Environment
  • Enhancement of Soil Microbial activity.
  • Strategy
  • Supply of 6000 MT of different Bio-Fertilizers at
    75 subsidy
  • Expected Outcome
  • Restoration of Soil Fertility
  • Yield improvement of Oilseeds Pulses up to 10
  • Reduction in cost of cultivation

34
Popularization of Hybrid Maize Cultivation in
the State
  • Objectives
  • Popularization of high remunerative Maize
    cultivation in rainfed
  • condition
  • Yield Improvement in Up land rainfed eco System
  • Diversification of cropping programme
  • Strategy
  • Production Technology Demonstration in 30000 ha.
  • Input assistance _at_ Rs.4000 per ha.
  • Organising 600 Training programmes.
  • Exposure Visit / Field Day
  • Expected Outcome
  • Popularization of Maize cultivation in up land
  • Yield improvement upto 2200 kg/ha. over a period
    of
  • three years in the selected districts.

35
Management of Acid Soils
  • Objectives
  • Management of Acid Soils having pH level lt 5.5
  • Strategy
  • Supply of 26400 MT of Paper Mill Sludge _at_
    Rs.10.00 per 50 kg bag
  • Expected Outcome
  • Enhancement of Crop yield ranging from 14 - 34

36
Capacity Building of Extension Personnel
  • Objectives
  • Improving techno managerial skills of Extension
    professionals.
  • Redefining role and responsibility of Extension
    personnel
  • through PPP mode
  • Strategy
  • Capacity Building of 890 extension personnel _at_ 20
    per batch at
  • Premier Training Institutes
  • Capacity Building of 3900 grass root field
    functionaries at state level
  • training institutes
  • Expected Outcome
  • Enrichment of techno-managerial expertise
    resulting in
  • enhancement of production productivity
  • Anticipated rise in morale which will be
    reflected
  • through the delivery of outputs

37
e-Pest Surveillance
  • Objectives
  • Strengthening of pest surveillance and Monitoring
    Mechanism
  • In 13 Districts
  • Use of I.T. for pest surveillance
  • Reduction in resistance Development and pest
    resurgence
  • Reduction in cost of Production
  • Strategy
  • Engagement of Pest Monitor (23) ,Data entry
    operator (23)
  • Scouts (217) through out sourcing In 13 Districts
  • Training of Master Trainer, Field Staff Elite
    Farmers
  • Improved Awareness
  • Expected Outcome
  • Reduced use of chemical pesticides
  • Reduced Environmental pollution

38
Intensification of Hybrid Sunflower Cultivation
in Orissa
  • Objectives
  • To bridge the gap between the consumptive need
    (45 gm/adult/day)
  • present level (33 gm/adult/day) of edible oil
  • Area intensification in irrigated rice fallows
  • Yield Improvement through technological
    interventions
  • (INM hybrid seeds)
  • Strategy
  • 10,000 demonstrations of one hectare in the 30
    Districts
  • Cost sharing between Farmer and Departmental on
    5050
  • Critical input (hybrid seeds, nutrients and/or
    pesticides) from Scheme
  • Expected Outcome
  • Yield improvement from 973 to 1250 kg/ha
  • Enhanced income by 20-25
  • Footage for opening up Processing Units

39
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