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Introduction to the High Renaissance

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Introduction to the High Renaissance continued. What is Ideal beauty ? Today we are looking at Idealisation Antiquity: the notion of Ancient Greek and Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to the High Renaissance


1
Introduction to the High Renaissance
continued.
2
What is Ideal beauty ?
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Today we are looking at
  • Idealisation
  • Antiquity the notion of Ancient Greek and Roman
    sculpture
  • Antique Philosophy (Plato and Neo-Platonist ) -
    thinking from the past.
  • The notion of the Renaissance Man
  • The notion of Restraint

10
Idealisation
  • Idealisation refers to perfection in both form
    and the physical environment. The Philosophy of
    Plato established the belief that everything had
    a perfect form in the mind of God.
  • (Despite the fact this was not the Christian God)

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  • Idela

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Ideal beautymeans the highest form of beauty
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Idealism in Art has Two distinct meanings
  • The origins of Ideal Beauty is from Antiquity
  • Idealism is also from Antique Philosophy
    -namely the philosophy of Plato (428 348 B.C.)

14
Plato ( 428-348 B.C.) Greek Philosopher
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Ideal beauty is a theme stemming from Antiquity
and of deep interest to the Renaissance
  • Aristotle ( 384 322 B.C). - (a student of
    Plato) in Poetics, his essay on drama noted
    that dramatists of his time, either imitated
    people above or below average.
  • Aristotle used the example of a Greek painters
    from his time. Polygnotus was a Greek painter
    who used to paint people above their average,
    (Idealism) and this was preferred mode. The
    other artists, painted people below their
    average, and others painted people exactly they
    way they were.
  • Pliny the Elder, (b. 24 - d. 79, first century
    A.D.) was a Roman Encyclopaedist,- he mentions
    the legend of the Greek painter Zuexis, (5th
    century B.C.) when he was commissioned to paint a
    picture of Helen of Troy for the temple of Hera
    in the city of Croton. ( B.C). Zeuxis held a
    red carpet line up of the 5 top models in the
    city and chose their best bits from their best
    features and made up a single composite picture
    of ideal beauty.
  • This method was referred to by Alberti in the
    Quattrocento 15th century in, De Picturra ( 1436)
    .

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Renaissance interest was in the rediscovery of
Antique Sculptures
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The Belvedere Torso
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The Belvedere Apollo
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Antiquity and Antique sculpture
  • Antique forms become a canon of perfection for
    Renaissance artists to study. Belvedere Apollo,
    Belvedere Torso, and the Laocoon (rediscovered
    1506).
  • Artists felt they had a connection with the
    Ideal. Reconsiderations and rediscovery of
    Antique sculptures became an Ideal in the 16th
    century. Artists and scholars found in classical
    sculpture a key to reality, awakening the
    awareness of human body and its expressive
    potentialities. They feature Ideal proportion and
    musculature which seemed superhuman in their
    time.

23
Ideal Beauty (Platos Philosophy)
  • Platos theory of Ideas. Everything we see is an
    imperfect copy or corruption, approximating
    Ideal forms that are imperceptible to us on
    earth, and that these are Ideas that are not
    found on earth, but only in the mind of God. (
    Plato argued that painting was two removes from
    reality, because it is just a representation of
    an appearance, or approximation of reality.)
    Some believed these Ideas or Forms ultimately
    reside in the mind of god.
  • Later Neo Platonists like Plotinus, maintained
    that the work of Art can directly mirror the Idea
    itself. That is what the Renaissance was driving
    for. Some believed that artists could directly
    access the Ideal forms in the mind of God.
    (Michelangleo etc). This is what Neo Platonism
    proposed.
  • Consider the Idealism of Michelangelo and
    Raphael.

24
HuHumanism
  • Humanism and Renaissance.
    Renaissance man and education
  • The Renaissance re-iterated the value of self
    education.
  • From Medieval Times The Seven Liberal Arts was
    core subjects their Universities.
  • If you were going to do a Bachelor of Arts in
    those days you would have to study these
    subjects.
  • Music, astronomy, geometry, mathematics.
    (Quadrivium) - Upper division
  • Rhetoric, Grammar, Poetry. (Trivium ) - Lower
    division

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  • Key Question. What do the subjects in the upper
    division have in common ?

Music, astronomy, geometry, mathematics ?
26
ANSWER
Harmony, Proportion, Order, Proportion Note
Proportion is based on the idea that two same
things are compared together. From this there is
derived ratios. Eg. 21 1.2, Pi, 3.1. etc
this is used in study of anatomyand in
measurement of how things recede from the human
eye in regards to the human eye.
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Arguments for the quality of Restraint.
Arguments for the quality of RESTRAINT
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  • Baldassar Castiglione (1478 1529). Italian
    writer and Courtier/ a member of ancient
    aristocratic family he received a thorough
    Humanistic education, and acquired and refined a
    learned appreciation of art. He produced The Book
    of the Courtier (1561). It is a dialogue set in
    the court of Urbino in 1507 (not Rome) and
    contains discussions in the court the qualities
    that outline the courtier as cultivated
    Renaissance man. Deeply valued is the Idea of
    being highly learned and educated. Apart from the
    topics of courting ladies and the affairs of
    writing of love letters, the courtier was
    supposed to learn several languages and play
    musical instruments and paint as well as
    conducting their professional affairs. But there
    was something far more important the courtier was
    supposed to do all these things he was supposed
    to conduct these things with restraint. He
    studies learns and practises this things with
    restraint not into a boastful of awkward or
    forceful way. That is a distinction of a
    courtier and the same for Renaissance artists as
    well. And should demonstrate these things with
    ease. Italian. Sprezzatura nonchalance. def.
    not being boastful or being done with difficultly
    but done with ease.
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