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Jeopardy

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Jeopardy Science TAKS Review 2009 Category 1 100 The graph shows the amount of aluminum collected during one week for recycling. Which of the following statements ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jeopardy


1
Jeopardy
  • Science TAKS Review 2009

2
Welcome to Jeopardy! The first round begins now.
Lets take a look at the categories
3
Objective 1 Nature of Science Objective 2 Organization in Living Things Objective 3 Organisms and their Environment Objective 4 Structure and Properties of Matter Objective 5 Motion, Force, Energy
100 100 100 100 100
200 200 200 200 200
300 300 300 300 300
400 400 400 400 400
500 500 500 500 500
Click here to proceed to Double Jeopardy!
4
Category 1100
What are the independent and dependent variables
in this experiment?
A The independent variable is the day on which
the aluminum was collected. The dependent
variable is the mass of the aluminum in kg.
  • The graph shows the amount of aluminum collected
    during one week for recycling. Which of the
    following statements best describes the data
    shown?
  • A More aluminum was collected
  • on Wednesday than Friday.
  • B Twice as much aluminum was
  • collected on Monday than
  • Friday.
  • C Less aluminum was collected
  • on Monday than Wednesday.
  • D The most aluminum was
  • collected on Friday.
  • B

5
Category 1200
  • The graph shows the percentage of hemoglobin that
    combines with carbon monoxide (CO) at various
    concentrations. Exposure to 400 parts per million
    of CO in air can cause people to experience
    nausea and a throbbing headache. According to the
    graph, about what percentage of hemoglobin is
    bound to CO at a CO concentration of 400 parts
    per million?
  • A 25
  • B 35
  • C 40
  • D 55

What type of cells contain hemoglobin? What body
system is it associated with?
A Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. The
circulatory system is usually associated with the
transportation of RBCs, but the skeletal system
is also associated with it because the bone
marrow is where red blood cells are formed.
  • B

6
Category 1300
What question was this experiment most likely
trying to answer?
A How do temperature and humidity affect the
growth of mold?
  • According to the data, what are the best
    conditions for growing mold?
  • A cold temperature
  • and low humidity
  • B warm temperature
  • and high humidity
  • C cold temperature
  • and high humidity
  • D warm temperature
  • and low humidity
  • B

7
Category 1400
  • What inference is supported by the information in
    the graph?
  • A Only 10.7 percent of all
  • landfills have a permit to
  • burn tires.
  • B About one-third of all scrap
  • tires are either exported or
  • recycled.
  • C Most scrap tires are
  • illegally dumped to avoid
  • tire disposal fees.
  • D The supply of scrap tires is
  • greater than the reuse of
  • scrap tires.
  • D

8
Category 1500
  • Objects of the same mass but of different sizes
    and shapes were dropped from a given height.
    Their rates of free fall were measured and
    recorded. Which of the following is most likely
    the question this experiment was designed to
    answer?
  • A How does height affect the force of gravity?
  • B How does gravity affect objects of different
  • densities?
  • C How do mass and weight affect falling objects?
  • D How do size and shape affect an objects rate
    of
  • free fall?

Identify the independent and dependent variables
in this experiment.
A The independent variable is the different
objects. The dependent variable is the calculated
rate of free fall.
  • D

9
Category 2100
Based on the summary equation shown below, which
of the following is produced by the
reaction? A CO2 B H2O C light D C6H12O6
6CO2 6H2O light ? C6H12O6 6O2
What process does this equation represent? How
is related to the process of cellular
respiration?
A The equation represents photosynthesis. It is
the opposite of cellular respiration because the
products of photosynthesis are the reactants for
cellular respiration.
  • D

10
Category 2200
On a hot summer day, a road-crew worker perspires
and then feels thirsty as her body temperature
increases. This response is an example of A
releasing enzymes B decreasing respiration C
assimilating proteins D maintaining homeostasis
Which body systems job is to filter the blood
to rid the body of nitrogenous waste?
A Excretory system (also referred to as the
urinary system)
  • D

11
Category 2300
What are the energy transferring molecules used
by cells called?
A ATP
Which organelle pictured is responsible for
transforming solar energy into stored chemical
energy in the form of carbohydrates?
  • A Nucleus B chloroplast C Golgi
    D mitochondrion

  • apparatus

A Ribosomes are structures that function to
assemble proteins (protein factories). If you
remove them from a cell, it would not be able to
conduct protein synthesis.
Which process would be stopped by removing the
ribosomes found in a cell?
  • B

12
Category 2400
Which picture shows a plant cell in a hypertonic
solution?
A Letter A shows a plant cell placed in a
hypertonic solution, because the water is moving
out of the cell.
  • If placed in a hypotonic solution, a plant cell
    will -
  • A swell due to osmosis
  • B burst due to diffusion
  • C shrink due to osmosis
  • D remain constant in size

What would happen to a freshwater organism if
you placed it in saltwater?
A Placing a freshwater organism in saltwater is
like placing a cell in a hypertonic solution. The
freshwater organisms cells would lose water by
osmosis and eventually shrivel and die.
  • A

13
Category 2500
  • Describe 4 ways that plant cells are different
    from animal cells?
  • Plant cells have a cell wall and chloroplasts,
    and animal cells do not. Plant cells usually
    contain one large vacuole, but animal cells have
    many small vacuoles. Animal cells contain
    centrioles that help cells divide, while plant
    cells do not.

A Flagella or cilia
What cellular structure(s) are usually associated
with movement in unicellular organisms?
14
Category 3100
  • Which organism lives in the human intestine and
    aids in the digestive process?
  • A The bacterium Escherichia coli
  • B The fungus Trichophyton rubrum
  • C The protozoan Entamoeba coli
  • D The algae Fucus vesiculosis

What is the most common treatment for bacterial
infections?
What are some ways to inhibit the growth of
bacteria?
A Antibiotics
A Bacterial growth can be slowed by using
disinfectants, cleaning with soap or detergents,
cooking thoroughly, boiling, freezing,
refrigeration, canning, or salting.
  • A

15
Category 3200
  • How do viruses cause illness?
  • A Viruses act as hosts to bacteria, allowing
    them to better survive.
  • B Viruses damage healthy cells by entering them
    in order to replicate.
  • C Viruses interfere with blood clotting.
  • D Viruses destroy healthy tissue by using it for
    energy.

How are cells different from viruses? How are
cells and viruses the same?
A Viruses are similar to cells in that they
contain genetic material like DNA or RNA, but
they lack the characteristics of life and can
only reproduce within a host.
  • B

16
Category 3300
What process is responsible for the results of
the mans pesticide treatment?
A Natural selection those that are better
suited for their environment will survive to
reproduce and pass on their traits.
A man treated his home with a pesticide that
kills roaches. The first application of the
pesticide killed 92 of the roaches. Two months
later he applied the pesticide to this home
again, but the second application killed only 65
of the roaches. What would best explain the
decrease in the effectiveness of the pesticide? A
The pesticide is effective only against mature
roaches. B Once roaches learned how to fight the
pesticide, they taught others. C The
surviving roaches were naturally resistant to the
pesticide, and hat resistance was inherited
by their offspring. D The pesticide caused some
of the roaches digestive sytems to
mutate and metabolize the pesticide.
  • C

17
Category 3400
Which situation best represents a mutualistic
relationship? A A tapeworm absorbing nutrients
from the intestines of a dog. B An orchid
being pollinated by a nectar collecting
wasp. C A human losing blood to a feeding
mosquito D An armadillo rooting in the soil at
the base of an oak tree.
Which of the above example(s) describes
parasitism ? Why?
A Letters A C describe parasitism because the
tapeworm and the mosquito are parasites that harm
(but dont kill) their hosts in order to live.
  • B

18
Category 3500
Which of the organisms would have the least
amount of energy available? Why?
A Only 10 of the energy passes from one trophic
level to the next. So, the hawk would receive the
least amount of energy because it is on the top
of the food chain.
  • Which organisms in this food web can be described
    as both primary and secondary consumers?
  • A Hawks
  • B Weasels
  • C Raccoons
  • D Mice
  • C

19
Category 4100
  • Which of the following is an example of a
    chemical change?
  • A Ice cracking
  • B Sugar dissolving
  • C milk souring
  • D lead melting

Give two other examples of a chemical change.
A Answers will vary and should involve burning,
reacting, etc.
  • C

20
Category 4200
A Density mass/volume D m/v
What is the formula used to determine density?
  • Which of the following objects will float on
    water?
  • A C
  • B D

Mass 45 g Volume 40 cm3
Mass 55 g Volume 50 cm3
Mass 50 g Volume 45 cm3
Mass 60 g Volume 65 cm3
  • D

21
Category 4300
In the procedure shown above, a calcium chloride
solution is mixed with a sodium sulfate solution
to create the products shown. Which law or theory
is illustrated by this activity?
  • A The law of conservation of mass

22
Daily Double
23
Category 4400
Which substance is more viscous, water or syrup?

A syrup
  • Students in a chemistry lab measure the time it
    takes four different 100 mL solutions to pass
    through a hole in the bottom of a cup. Which of
    the following properties of the solutions is most
    likely being measured?
  • A viscosity
  • B buoyancy
  • C mass
  • D volume
  • A

24
Category 4500
T or F Rust forming on an iron pipe after
exposure to humidity is a physical change.
A FALSE
Which of these describes a pollution-producing
process that involves only a physical change? A
Coal with a high sulfur content is burned,
producing gases that cause acid rain. B
Chlorofluorocarbons are released, changing
ozone in the upper atmosphere into oxygen. C Hot
wastewater is discharged into a lake,
lowering oxygen levels in the water. D Nitrogen
oxide emission combine with water vapor,
producing nitric acid.
  • C

25
Category 5100
What is the formula for calculating speed?
A v d/t speed distance traveled/ time
Based on the distance-time graph for two
walkers, each of the conclusions listed below is
valid EXCEPT A Walker A walked at a constant
speed for 2400 meters. B Walker B rested
for 10 minutes. C Walker A and Walker B
each walked for 30 minutes. D Walker A
walked 1000 meters farther than Walker B.
  • D

26
Category 5200
  • A man who was sleeping wakes up because he hears
    the smoke alarm go off in his house. Before
    opening the bedroom door, the man feels the door
    to see whether it is warm. He is assuming that
    heat would be transferred through the door by
    __________.

Give an example of convection and radiation.
A Answers will vary.
  • conduction

27
Category 5300
  • A person pushes a large box across a level floor
    by applying a horizontal force of 200 N. If the
    person pushes the box a distance of 5 meters in
    10 seconds, how much work does the person do on
    the box?

IF the question asks to calculate power, what
other variable would you need?
A Time
  • 1000 joules

28
Category 5400
  • A machine uses a force of 100 N to push an
    object a distance of 5 meters in 10 seconds.
    What is the power of the machine?
  • A 50 watts
  • B 5 watts
  • C 500 watts
  • D 5000 watts

If the object doesnt move, is any work done?
A No if distance is zero, then the work is zero.
  • A

29
Category 5500
  • Identify which of the following examples
    describes Newtons 3rd Law.

A Blood rushes from your head to your feet while
quickly stopping when riding on a descending
elevator.
1st
B An elephant and a mouse in free fall land on
the ground at the same time.
2nd
C Headrests are placed in cars to prevent
whiplash injuries during rear-end
collisions.
1st
D While driving down the road, a firefly strikes
the windshield of a bus and makes a quite
obvious mess in front of the face of the
driver.
3rd
E While riding a skateboard (or wagon or
bicycle), you fly forward off the board when
hitting a curb or rock or other object which
abruptly halts the motion of the skateboard.
1st
F A baseball player hits a ball with a large
swing and the ball goes far. He hits it with
a smaller swing and the ball doesnt fly as
far.
2nd
Identify which law is illustrated in each
scenario A F (IN ORDER).
30
DoubleJeopardy
31
Good Job players! We will now begin the Double
Jeopardy round. Here are your categories
32
Objective 1 Nature of Science Objective 2 Organization in Living Things Objective 3 Organisms and their Environment Objective 4 Structure and Properties of Matter Objective 5 Motion, Force, Energy
200 200 200 200 200
400 400 400 400 400
600 600 600 600 600
800 800 800 800 800
1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
33
Category 1200
  • The illustration shows volume levels of a liquid
    in a graduated cylinder before and after a sample
    was removed. According to this information, what
    was the volume of the sample to the nearest
    milliliter?

What is the curved surface of the water called?
A Meniscus
  • 9 ml

34
Category 1400
Apple cider containing yeast was placed in a
sterile container and kept at room temperature.
When small bubbles of gas formed in the cider 2
days later, a student asked, What is producing
the gas bubbles?
  • Which statement is a hypothesis that could be
    tested experimentally to answer this question?
  • A A container of cider without yeast should
    serve
  • as a comparison.
  • B Set up an apparatus to collect and test the
    gas.
  • C Cellular respiration is being carried out by
    the
  • yeast.
  • D The rate of gas produced must be determined.
  • C

35
Category 1600
The table shows four mass readings of one object
as measured by four different balances. Which
balance produced the most-consistent measurements?
Define precision.
A Precision refers to measurements that are
similarly repeated
  • T

36
Category 1800
The dependent variable in this investigation is
A the gas released B constant lightC the
green plant   D water
What is the independent variable in this
experiment?
A The IV is the absence/ presence of light.
  • A

37
Category 11000
  • C

A student observes a garden plot. Several plants
shaded by a tree are not as large as those of the
same species growing in the full sun. the student
asks, Why are the plants growing in the shade
smaller than the plants growing in the sun?
Which is the most reasonable hypothesis to
explain the students observations? A The tree
removes water from the soil. The drier soil
limits the growth of those plants growing
near the tree. B The tree removes minerals from
the soil. The mineral-reduced soil limits
the growth of those plants growing near the
tree. C The tree blocks sunlight, lowering the
light level in the shaded area. This limits
the growth of this plants species which grows
best in direct sunlight. D The tree
blocks sunlight, lowering the air temperature of
the shaded area. This limits the growth of
this plants species which grows best at
warmer temperatures.
38
Category 2200
T or F All the cells (except gametes) in an
organism have the same DNA.
A TRUE
Mutations in DNA molecules can occur when - A
replication of DNA is exact B a DNA enzyme
attaches to an RNA codon C RNA codons are
replaced by DNA nucleotides D a change occurs
in DNA nucleotide bases
What is the function of DNA?
A DNA carries the blueprint (genetic code) for
all the traits of an organism.
  • D

39
Category 2400
Define translation. Where does it take place in
the cell? What would be the resulting amino acid
sequence?
A Translation is a process that occurs in the
cytoplasm at the ribosomes, when DNA is copied
to form a mRNA to assemble amino acids to make
proteins. The resulting amino acids from the mRNA
would be serine-isoleucine.
What would be the sequence of nitrogen bases in
the DNA segment from which the above section of
mRNA was transcribed?
Define transcription. Where does it take place
in the cell?
A Translation is a process that occurs in the
Nucleus when DNA is copied to form a mRNA
strand.
  • AGCTAA

40
Category 2600
A biologist has just discovered a new life form.
The newly described organism is multicellular,
does not carry on photosynthesis, and absorbs
nutrients from the environment. It is composed of
eukaryotic cells with cell walls. In which
kingdom would the organism be classified?
Which classification level is the most specific?
A Species
  • Fungi

41
Category 2 800
  • If a fruit fly that is homozygous ebony-bodied
    and curly-winged is crossed with a fruit fly that
    has both white-bodied and a curly-winged, what
    will be the percentage of genotypes that would
    most likely be found in the first-generation
    offspring?

Fruit Fly Traits Fruit Fly Traits
Gene Trait
E Ebony body
e White body
N Normal wings
n Curly wings
If a poppy flower plant has a genotype of RrYy,
what are the possible genetic combinations that
could be present in a single egg cell from this
plant?
A RY, Ry, rY, ry
  • 100 Eenn

42
Category 21000
  • D, respiratory system

The medulla, part of the brain stem, reacts
quickly to increased levels of CO2 in the blood
and stimulates a response from which system?
A Circulatory system B Immune system C
Integumentary system D Respiratory system E
Digestive system
Match the correct name of the body system to the
description.

Which system is responsible for producing enzymes
that aid in breaking down substances to be
absorbed from the bodys growth and repair?
Which system of the body would be directly
affected if a large number of T-cells were
attacked by a virus?
Hemoglobin carries oxygen to body cells. Which
body system contains hemoglobin?
43
Category 3200
The diagram shows several phases of the nitrogen
cycle. Which of the following describes the most
likely effect of removing some plants from the
area by using chemical herbicides? A The rate of
erosion of rocks on the ground would be slowed. B
The flow of necessary nutrients would be
disrupted. C The ability of plants to complete
photosynthesis would be increased. D The
infiltration of water into the ground would be
halted.
  • B

44
Category 3400
  • Beechdrops (Epifagus virginiana) are leafless
    plants that lack chlorophyll. Beechdrops get
    their nourishment from the roots of beech trees,
    which reduces the amount of nutrients available
    to the trees themselves. This interaction is best
    described as
  • A commensalistic
  • B parasitic
  • C predatory
  • D mutualistic

Define commensalism.
A It is a symbiotic relationship where one
species benefits and the other is unaffected. (
/ Ø )
  • B

45
Category 3600
If krill, a marine crustacean, were over
harvested by commercial fisherman, which
population of organisms would most likely
increase?
A If krill were harvested by fisherman, the
plankton population would increase because the
predator would be absent.
The difference in the size of each layer of this
food pyramid is primarily the result of the
difference in A food choices of
individual niches B oceanic zones of habitat C
the amount of food energy at each trophic
level D the relative heights of the
organisms
  • c

46
Category 3800
A The waxy cuticle that covers the leaves and
gives it a shiny appearance prevents the leaves
from drying out.
Which other part of a plants leaf also prevents
it from drying out?
  • Cactic grow slowly compared to most other plants.
    The fact that cacti keep their stomata closed for
    much of the day can help explain this growth
    characteristic. Which of these best explains the
    advantage of keeping stomata closed during the
    day?
  • A It limits water loss through transpiration.
  • B It conserves oxygen produced in
  • photosynthesis.
  • C It recycles carbon dioxide within plant
  • systems.
  • D It protects plant tissues from predators.
  • A

47
Category 31000
The Mountain Hare was introduced to Faroe
Island from Norway in 1854. During the first
years, some of the hares developed a white coat
in winter, like their ancestors from Norway, but
after a few decades, due to the oceanic climate
with its lack of snow cover, the Faroese Hares
population was staying brown all year. Today,
when the Faroese Hares are put in the same
enclosure again with the Mountain Hare from
Norway, they no longer interbreed. Which of the
following explains this phenomenon? A
Competition B Extinction C Predation D
Speciation
Why is the white coat color of the Mountain Hare
from Norway an advantageous adaptation?
A The white fur is an advantageous trait
because it camouflages the hare from predators
thereby allowing it to survive and live to
reproduce.
  • D

48
Category 4200
What is the mass of a 500.00 mL sample of
seawater with a density of 1.025 g/mL? A 487.8
g B 500.0 g C 512.5 g D 625.0 g
T or F An object will float in water if its
density is less than 1g/cm3.
A TRUE
  • C

49
Category 4400
What is a compound? Give an example.
A A compound is a substance formed by chemical
combining two or more elements in definite
proportion by weight . Examples may vary by
student.
  • An unknown silvery powder has a constant melting
    point and does not chemically or physically
    separate into other substances. The unknown
    substances can be classified as -
  • A an element
  • B a compound
  • C a mixture
  • D an alloy

A Sodium
  • A

50
Category 4600
  • Solubility Rules
  • All sodium, potassium, and ammonium salts are
    soluble.
  • All silver, lead, and mercury salts are
    insoluble.
  • All carbonates, sulfides, and hydroxides are
    insoluble.
  • All sulfates are soluble except calcium sulfate
    and
  • barium sulfate.
  • Which of the following salts has the greatest
    solubility in water at 25ºC?
  • A CaCO3
  • B KClO4
  • C HgCl2
  • D FeS

What property of water makes it such an
effective solvent?
A Water is a polar molecule.
  • B

51
Daily Double
52
Category 4800
How do you increase the solubility of a solid
into a liquid? (Three ways.)
A Increase temperature, stir it, or increase
the surface area of the solid by grinding it up.
  • As scuba diver goes deeper underwater, the diver
    must be aware that the increased pressure affects
    the human body by increasing the -
  • A bodys temperature
  • B amount of dissolved
  • gases in the body
  • C amount of suspended
  • solids in the body
  • D concentration of minerals
  • in the body
  • B

53
Category 41000
Aluminum metal and oxygen gas combine to produce
aluminum oxide (Al2O3). What would the balanced
equation of this reaction look like? __ Al __
O2 ? __ Al2O3
  • Balance the following equation

__ CH4(g) __ O2 (g) ? __ CO2(g) __ H2O(g)
A CH4(g) 2 O2 (g) ? CO2(g) 2 H2O(g)
54
Category 5200
  • The diagram represents the total travel of a
    teacher on a Saturday. Which part of the trip is
    made at the greatest average speed?
  • A Q
  • B R
  • C S
  • D T

An ant crawled 5.6 cm from point A to Point B in
4.0 seconds. What was the ants speed in
centimeters per second?
A 1.4 cm/s
  • C

55
Category 5400
  • Which wave has the greatest velocity?

At 0C sound travels through air at a speed of
330 m/s. If a sound wave is produced with a
wavelength of 0.10 m, what is the waves
frequency?
A 3300 Hz
  • B

56
Category 5600
  • D

Which of the following describes transfer of
energy by radiation?
Identify which type of transfer is illustrated in
each scenario A C (IN ORDER).
A most of the heat provided by the fireplace in
room C goes up the chimney and is transferred
convection
B the thermal energy of the iron in room D is
transferred to the clothes
conduction
C room A, the heat from the pot on the stove
moves to the pot's handle
conduction
D thermal energy is transferred primarily to
the sunbather in room B
radiation
57
Category 5800
  • The roller coaster cars gravitational potential
    energy is equal to
  • A 1,000 J
  • B 44,100 J
  • C 39,240 J
  • D Cannot be determined

What is a simple biological example of solar
energy being converted into chemical energy?
A Photosynthesis in plants.
  • B

58
Category 51000
  • Which switch, if opened, will cause the lightbulb
    to stop glowing?

How much current is flowing through this circuit,
given the new information in the picture?
A 0.32 A
  • Q
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