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Mental Health First Aid USA


Title: MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID Author: jspaldi Last modified by: Ronald Jones Created Date: 2/6/2013 2:03:47 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Health First Aid USA

Mental Health First Aid USA
  • United Advocates For Children and Families
  • 2035 Hurley Way, suite 290
  • Sacramento, CA 95825

What Is Mental Health First Aid?
  • Help offered to a person developing a mental
    health problem or experiencing a mental health
  • Given until appropriate treatment and support are
    received or until the crisis resolves
  • Not a substitute for counseling, medical care,
    peer support or treatment

What You Learn
  • Overview of mental health problems
  • Depressive/Mood disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Disorders in which psychosis occurs
  • Substance use disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Mental Health First Aid for crisis situations
  • Mental Health First Aid for non-crisis situations

  • Assess for risk of suicide or harm
  • Listen nonjudgmentally
  • Give reassurance and information
  • Encourage appropriate professional help
  • Encourage self-help and other support strategies

Spectrum of Mental Health Interventions
Why Mental Health First Aid?
  • Mental health problems are common
  • Stigma is associated with mental health problems
  • Professional help is not always on hand
  • Individuals with mental health problems often do
    not seek help
  • Many people
  • are not well informed about mental health
  • do not know how to respond

Mental Health First Aid
  • Standard Adult Version
  • Youth Version
  • Spanish Language Version
  • Supplemental Modules Rural Veterans Public
    Safety Higher Education Faith Based Older
  • National policy and media attention
  • Partnership with Maryland and Missouri State

Program Milestones
  • Created in Australia in 2001
  • (University of Melbourne)
  • Currently in 17 countries
  • Piloted in the U.S. in 2008
  • Youth program Pilot in 2012

Evidenced Effectiveness
  • Four published randomized control trials and a
    qualitative study (in Australia)
  • Increases mental health literacy
  • Expands individuals knowledge of how to help
    someone in crisis
  • Connects individuals to needed services
  • Reduces stigma
  • Study on 33 US college campuses 2009-2011
  • Increased mental health literacy
  • Reduction in social distance (decreased stigma)

Evidenced Effectiveness
  • Kitchener BA, et al. Mental health first aid
    training in a workplace setting A randomized and
    controlled trial ISRCTNI3249129. BMC
    Psychiatry. 20044(23)1-8.
  • Jorm AF, Kitchener BA, Fischer JA, Cvetkovski S.
    (2010). Mental health first aid training by
    e-learning a randomized controlled trial.
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
  • Speer, N., Eisenberg, D., Hahn, E., Brunwasser,
    S., Xu, S. Effects of a peer-based gatekeeper
    training program on college mental health
    outcomes. Manuscript in Preparation. 2011.

  • By 2020, Mental Health First Aid in the USA will
    be as common as CPR and First Aid

VT 423 (47)
RI 395 (8)
CT 3,075 (89)
DE 77 (17)
MD 4,783 (308)
DC 1,688 (52)
GUAM 37 (1)
Reported through March 2014
Workplace Impact of Mental Illness
  • Major Depressive Disorder is the leading cause of
    disability in the U.S. for ages 15-44
  • An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18
    and older about one in four adults suffer from
    a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year
  • Serious mental illnesses (SMIs), which afflict
    about 6 of American adults, cost society 193.2
    billion a year in lost earnings
  • Behavioral health issues cause 217 million missed
    workdays annually
  • Depression was identified as the most costly
    health condition among a group of 10 large
    employers when combining costs from medical,
    pharmacy, absenteeism, and presenteeism
  • (Source 2010 Disability Management Employer
    Coalition Report)

(No Transcript)
MHFA Public Policy
  • MHFA in President Obamas Report Recommendations
    from the Gun Violence Prevention Task Force
  • Make Sure Students and Young Adults Get Treatment
    for Mental Health Issues Three quarters of
    mental illnesses appear by the age of 24, yet
    less than half of children with diagnosable
    mental health problems receive treatment. To
    increase access to mental health services for
    young people, we should
  • Provide Mental Health First Aid training to
    help teachers and staff recognize signs of mental
    illness in young people and refer them to
  • Support young adults ages 16 to 25, who have the
    highest rates of mental illness but are the least
    likely to seek help, by giving incentives to help
    states develop innovative approaches.
  • Help break the cycle of violence in schools
    facing pervasive violence with a new, targeted
    initiative to provide their students with needed
    services like counseling.
  • Train 5,000 more social workers, counselors, and
    psychologists, with a focus on those serving
    students and young adults.

MHFA Public Policy
  • April 19, 2013 US Senate passed Harkin/Alexander
    MH Amendment (vote of 95-2) which included
    authorization for mental health awareness
    training grant program at SAMHSA (modeled after
    Mental Health First Aid)
  • Mental Health First Aid Act (H.R. 274) (S.153)
    To date, the Act has 15 bipartisan Senate
    cosponsors, and 46 bipartisan House cosponsors.
  • State Legislative Action Arizona, Virginia,
    Texas, Illinois, Michigan, Florida, California,
    Maryland, Colorado
  • States with Pending Legislation Florida,
    Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, North
    Carolina, Ohio, Washington
  • Federal Legislative Action 15 million FY 2014
    appropriation FY 2015 request 15 million
  • Toolkit for State Legislative Options

Mental Health First Aid in the News
  • January 8, 2014 by Jennie Grabel
  • What has changed since Jan. 8, 2011, in Tucson
    and beyond?
  • January 2, 2014 by Patrick Skahill
  • A "First-Aid" Response to Mental Illness
  • December 27, 2013 by Kathleen Megan
  • After Newtown, Building A Stronger System Of
    Mental Health Services
  • October 13, 2013 by T. Rees Shapiro
  • Mental Health Program Helps Fairfax County Teens
  • March 12, 2012 by Kim Painter
  • Classes Teach First Aid' for Mental Health
  • October 18, 2011 For Your Health

Mental Health First Aid USA
  • For More Information
  • (202) 684-7457