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Chapter Four

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Chapter Four Secondary Data Chapter Four 1. Primary versus Secondary Data 2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data 3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data 4. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Four


1
Chapter Four
Chapter Four
Secondary Data
2
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
3
Primary vs. Secondary Data
  • Primary data are originated by a researcher for
    the specific purpose of addressing the problem at
    hand. The collection of primary data involves
    all six steps of the marketing research process
    (Chapter 1).
  • Secondary data are data which have already been
    collected for purposes other than the problem at
    hand. These data can be located quickly and
    inexpensively.

4
Table 4.1 A Comparison of Primary and Secondary
Data
5
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
6
Uses of Secondary Data (P 99)
  • Identify the problem
  • Better define the problem
  • Develop an approach to the problem
  • Formulate an appropriate research design (for
    example, by identifying the key variables)
  • Answer certain research questions and test some
    hypotheses
  • Interpret primary data more insightfully

7
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
8
Chapter Four
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
Fitness
Accuracy
Currency
9
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
10
Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
  • Specifications Methodology Used to Collect the
    Data
  • Error Accuracy of the Data
  • Currency When the Data Were Collected
  • Objective(s) The Purpose for Which the Data
    Were Collected
  • Nature The Content of the Data
  • Dependability Overall, How Dependable Are the
    Data

11
Table 4.2 Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
12
(No Transcript)
13
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
14
Figure 4.3 A Classification of Secondary Data
Figure 4.3 (P 103) A Classification of Secondary
Data
Secondary Data
Internal
External
Ready to Use
Syndicated Services
Published Materials
Requires Further Processing
Computerized Databases
15
Internal Secondary Data
  • Department Store Project
  • Sales were analyzed to obtain
  • Sales by product line
  • Sales by major department (e.g., men's wear,
    house wares)
  • Sales by specific stores
  • Sales by geographical region
  • Sales by cash versus credit purchases
  • Sales in specific time periods
  • Sales by size of purchase
  • Sales trends in many of these classifications
    were also examined.

16
External dataType of Individual/Household Level
Data Available from Syndicated Firms
I. Demographic Data - Identification (name,
address, telephone) - Sex - Marital status -
Names of family members - Age (including ages of
family members) - Income - Occupation - Number
of children present - Home ownership - Length
of residence - Number and make of cars owned
17
Type of Individual/Household Level Data Available
from Syndicated Firms
18
Figure 4.4 A Classification of Published
Secondary Sources
External data Figure 4.4 A Classification of
Published Secondary Sources
Published Secondary Data
Government Sources
General Business Sources
Statistical Data
Census Data
Guides
Directories
Other Government Publications
Indices
19
Published External Secondary Data
  • Guides
  • An excellent source of standard or recurring
    information
  • Helpful in identifying other important sources of
    directories, trade associations, and trade
    publications
  • One of the first sources a researcher should
    consult
  • Directories
  • Helpful for identifying individuals or
    organizations that collect specific data
  • Examples Consultants and Consulting
    Organizations Directory, Encyclopedia of
    Associations, FINDEX The Directory of Market
    Research Reports, Studies and Surveys, and
    Research Services Directory
  • Indices
  • Helpful in locating information on a particular
    topic in several different publications

20
Figure 4.5 A Classification of Computerized
Databases
External data Figure 4.6 A Classification of
Computerized Databases
Computerized Databases
Online
Internet
Offline
Special Purpose Databases
Bibliographic Databases
Directory Databases
Full- Text Databases
Numeric Databases
21
Classification of Computerized Databases
  • Bibliographic databases are composed of citations
    to articles.
  • Numeric databases contain numerical and
    statistical information.
  • Full-text databases contain the complete text of
    the source documents comprising the database.
  • Directory databases provide information on
    individuals, organizations, and services.
  • Special-purpose databases provide specialized
    information.

22
Chapter Four
1. Primary versus Secondary Data
2. Advantages and Uses of Secondary Data
3. Disadvantages of Secondary Data
4. Criteria for Evaluating Secondary Data
5. Classification of Secondary Data
6. Sources of secondary data for international MR
23
Figure 4.6 Sources of Secondary Data for
International Marketing Research
Figure 4.7 Sources of Secondary Data for
International Marketing Research
International Secondary Data
Domestic Organizations in the United States
International Organizations in the United States
Organizations in Foreign Countries
Governments
Government Sources
Trade Associations
Nongovernment Sources
International Organizations
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